Historic winery in the German wine-growing region Franconia
in the city Würzburg
with the full name "Citizens Hospital to the Holy Spirit". The Würzburg patrician Johannes von Steren (1270-1329) provided an estate at the present location for the admission of people in need of care, thereby founding the foundation. The official founding of the "New Hospital" (later renamed "Bürgerspital") took place in 1316, which was then completed by Pope John XXII. (1244-1334) 1320 was confirmed in a document. The founding family pledged as collateral 13 morning
Vineyards. Today, the winery is owned by the "Foundation of Public Law" and is managed by Robert Haller as administrator. As winemaker is Elmar Nun, as oenologist Karl Brand responsible.
Over the centuries, it grew to its present size. The vineyards cover 120 hectares, of which around 100 are in the yield. These are 80% within the Würzburg city limits in the individual layers Abtsleite
. Inner bar
with the stone harp in sole ownership. There are further shares, inter alia, in the individual layers Marsberg
(Randersacker), Sunshine (Veitshöchheim), Scharlachberg
(Thungersheim), as well chapel hill
The Riesling is the most common variety (30 ha), which is unusual for the Franconian region, followed by Silvaner (27 ha), Müller-Thurgau (10 ha), Bacchus, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Rieslaner, Domina, Gewürztraminer, Scheurebe and Blaufränkisch
. In the vineyard will open dense planting
set. It will be near-natural viticulture with restrictive fertilization
practiced. The cellar, which is one of the largest in Germany, has a capacity of two million liters of wine and contains over 200 oval oak barrels with a capacity of 700,000 liters. In these, the best qualities of Riesling, Silvaner and Burgunder varieties are fermented and expanded with subsequent yeast storage. The red wines generally mature in oak barrels.
After that, they are consistently in the famous bocksbeutel
filled with the unmistakable Bürgerspital shoulder coat of arms (the citizens' hospital is considered the "birthplace" of this particular bottle shape). Wines from four centuries are stored in the basement of the Bürgerspital, the oldest is a Würzburger stone
from the year 1540. Such a bottle was made in 1961 (at the age of 421 years) by wine author Hugh Johnson
tasted and found "still alive". A wine from this location was one of the favorite wines
by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
(1749-1832). Another lover of stone wines was also the writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935). The annual production is around 850,000 bottles. The winery is a founding member in VDP
(Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter) and the Association of European Foundation Wine Estates.