Historic winery in the German region Franconia
in the city Würzburg
with the full name "Bürgerspital zum Heiligen Geist". The Würzburg patrician Johannes von Steren (1270-1329) provided a property at the current location for the reception of people in need of care and thus established the foundation. The official foundation of the "New Hospital" (later renamed "Citizens Hospital") took place in 1316, which was then by Pope John XXII. (1244-1334) 1320 was confirmed in a document. The founding family pledged as security 13 morning
Vineyards. Today the winery is owned by the “Foundation under Public Law” and is managed by Robert Haller as the administrator. Elmar Nun is responsible as cellar master and Karl Brand as oenologist.
Over the centuries it grew to today's size. The vineyards cover 120 hectares, of which around 100 are in production. 80% of these are located in the individual locations within the city limits of Würzburg Abtsleite
. Inner bar
with the Stein harp in sole ownership. There are further shares in the individual layers Marsberg
(Randersacker), sunshine (Veitshöchheim), Scharlachberg
(Thüngersheim), as well chapel hill
Riesling is the most common variety for the Franconia region with almost a third (30 ha), followed by Silvaner (27 ha), Müller-Thurgau (10 ha), Bacchus, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Rieslaner, Dominatrix, Gewürztraminer, Scheurebe and Blaufränkisch
. In the vineyard dense planting
set. It becomes natural viticulture with restrictive fertilization
practiced. The cellar, which is one of the largest in Germany, has a capacity of two million liters of wine and contains over 200 oval oak barrels with a capacity of 700,000 liters. In these, the best qualities of Riesling, Silvaner and Burgundy varieties are fermented and expanded with a subsequent yeast storage. The red wine varieties generally mature in wooden barrels.
After that, they are consistently in the famous bocksbeutel
filled with the distinctive Bürgerspital shoulder coat of arms (the Bürgerspital is considered the "birth house" of this special bottle shape). Wines from four centuries are stored in the basement of the Bürgerspital, the oldest is a Würzburger stone
from 1540. Such a bottle was made in 1961 by the wine author Hugh Johnson
tasted and found "still alive". A wine from this location was one of the favorite wines
by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
(1749-1832). Another lover of Stein wines was the writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935). The annual production is around 850,000 bottles. The winery is a founding member of VDP
(Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter) and the Association of European Foundation Wineries.