The famous winery is located near the town of Saint-Lambert in the area Pauillac in the Médoc (Haut-Médoc, Bordeaux). Towards the end of the 14th century, a fortified complex with a fortress tower named La Tour en Saint-Maubert near the Gironde built to defend against attacks in the Hundred Years War. The tower no longer exists, but around 1620 a round tower named La Tour de Saint-Lambert was built on the estate. From this derives the winery name, but on the label is the old tower pictured. Viticulture existed here centuries before, but the history of Château Latour began only in the late 17th century. The Latour estate was "only" part of the extensive property of the noble family ségur, These included, among others, the precursors of the wineries Château Lafite-Rothschild (then Château Lafite), with the Château Latour was united until 1760, as well Château Mouton-Rothschild (then Château Mouton).
The other wineries went to other owners in the sequence, but Château Latour remained until 1963 in the family (descendants were represented until the end of the 20th century in management). This year, heirs sold 75% of the shares in UK shareholders. The Pearsons group held the majority. The wine shop Harvey's of Bristol held 25%, this company later became part of Allied-Lyons Ltd. This group then took over in 1989, the Pearsons shares for the equivalent of 180 million euros. The winery was renovated from the ground up. Finally, it acquired in 1994, the billionaire François Pinault (* 1936) to circulated 680 million francs (130 million euros). Due to its status as Premier Cru, Château Latour is legally restricted and may not be sold to foreigners as a "National Cultural Property". An acquirer must be French.
The estate was at the Bordeaux Classification 1855 in the elite of the five (then four) best "Premier Cru Classé" ranked. The vineyards cover 65 hectares and are with Cabernet Sauvignon (75%), Merlot (20%), Cabernet Franc (4%) and Petit Verdot (1%). The vineyards extend along gravelly crests and very close to the Gironde, The center, also known as "L'Enclos", is made up of 50-year-old vines that are carefully groomed. The quality and longevity of red wine is based, among other things, on the unique terroir, a clayey soil covered with thick pebbles. It is aged for 20 to 24 months exclusively in 100% new oak barrels. The extremely durable wine should not be opened at best ten years ago storage. The extraordinary thing about this red wine is that for centuries, with truly regularity, truly monumental qualities have been produced. outstanding vintages More recently, 1961 (*), 1962, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1973, 1975, 1978, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1996 and 2000 are not only among the most expensive wines France, but also the world.
The grapes for the second wine "Les Forts des Latour" come from young, less than twelve years old vines of L'Enclos, which are harvested separately and vinified. In addition, grapes from three separate plots outside of the "L'Enclos" are used, of which nothing is normally in the Grand Vin received. Furthermore, even barrels of the first wine can be added, which did not meet the high standard of the Grand Vin. The wine is blended on average from 70% Cabernet Sauvignon and 30% Merlot and aged for 18 months in 50% new oak barrels. He achieves the quality and also the price of a Châteaux of the "Deuxième Cru Classé". Since 1990 he is also per subscription (en Primeur) sold. Every year, around 150,000 bottles are produced, which corresponds to around one third of total production. A third wine is under the name "Pauillac de Latour". This was first produced in 1973 and then in 1974 and 1987. Since 1990 it has been vinified each year by young vines of the three plots mentioned above.