Probably the most famous winery in the French Burgundy is located in the Côte de Nuits part of the Côte d'Or east of the city Nuits-Saint-Georges, The Domaine today has the best locations in the community Vosne-Romanée; The vineyards cover a total of just over 25 hectares of vineyards. That's the grand crus in its entirety La Tche and (the eponymous) Romanée-Conti as well as parts of the Grand Crus Richebourg and Romanée-Saint-Vivant (the grand cru position La Romanée but not). In addition, the property includes the Grand Cru Echézeaux and Grands Echézeaux in the community Flagey-Echezeaux, as well as parts of the Grand Cru Le Le Montrachet location (see Montrachet ). Incidentally, the Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is the only exception to the rule in Burgundy that a winery may not be named after one location.
Mid-13th Century put the Benedictine in the commune of Vosne-Romanée the first vineyards and called them "Le Cloux des Cinq Journeaux". Until 1584, the winery was owned by the Roman Catholic Church, then it changed hands several times. In 1760 it acquired Louis-François de Bourbon (a Prince de Conti), the name Romanée -conti received it but only in 1794 after the expropriation during the French Revolution. At the end of the 19th century, the family le Villaine inherited the winery. In 1942, the latter sold half to the friendly Leroy family. In 1950, Henri Leroy became the second managing director. In addition, he retained his trading house Leroy SA, which took over the exclusive distribution of the wines of DRC. His daughter took over in 1974 together with Aubert de Villaine (born 1939) the management. Due to long disputes she retired in 1992 and founded the famous winery Domaine Leroy in Meursault,
The most famous location Romanée-Conti is only 1.8 hectares in size. It is consistently following the guidelines of Biodynamic viticulture processed. The soil consists of brown limestone marl with a thin layer of humus. The present vines were planted in 1945. From here, around 7,000 bottles of red wine are produced every year. The wine will unmixed out Pinot Noir pressed; best vintages need decades of storage. For a bottle of DRC wine, grapes from three vines are needed. But the secret of quality is based on many facts. These include high age of the vines, extreme plant density with 10,000 sticks / ha, rigorous thin out, strictest control of the grapes, earnings only 25 hl / ha, maceration in old wooden huts from 1862, no filtration and new every year for the expansion.
The Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is one of the best and most expensive wines in the world, For ten-year-old vintages you have to spend at least $ 1,500, which are constantly increasing in value. Until the year 1989, all wines of the Domaine were delivered only in closed lots (12-pack). One (only) Romanée-Conti was only available if you accepted eleven other bottles. The famous English writer and novelist Roald Dahl (1916-1990) characterized the wine exuberantly with the words "Taste him! Drink it! But never try to describe him. Impossible to cope with such pleasure with words. "
The as "Dr. Conti "referred to Indonesian wine merchant Rudy Kurniawan sold fake wines as old vintages of Romanée-Conti and was therefore sentenced to ten years imprisonment.