The "Hessische Staatsweingüter GmbH Kloster Eberbach" with headquarters in the former Cistercian abbey Eberbach in the German wine-growing region Rheingau With about 220 hectares of vineyards is the largest winery in Germany. Most of the vineyards date back to the 12th century monastic property, as the Cistercian here the famous monastery Eberbach founded. During the heyday of the abbey, their holdings covered nearly 10,000 hectares, stretching from Worms to Cologne. These included areas on the mountain road, which were farmed on a farm, the monastery Eberbach directly under management. In 1803 was under Napoleon (1769-1821) the monastery property secularized. The new owner was the Duke of Nassau-Usingen, from 1866 the Kingdom of Prussia and since 1946 the state of Hesse. The well-known wine author Dr. Hans Ambrosi (1925-1912) was from 1966 to 1990 manager of the company. Today's CEO is Dieter Greiner. In the rooms of the monastery today solemn events such as the annual Auctions instead of. The winery has three domains, each with its own wine cellar to expand the wines.
The domain Bergstraße is the only one in the growing area Hessian mountain road, The vineyards of this 1904 founded by Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt estate cover 38 hectares in the individual layers Kalkgasse (Bensheim), Centgericht and Steinkopf (Heppenheim), as well Herrenwingert (Schoenberg). Mainly Riesling, and smaller areas Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris are grown.
The red wine domain Assmannshausen in the Rheingau covers 17 hectares in a single location Höllenberg as well as 18 acres in the Rüdesheim mountain, which are planted exclusively with Spätburgunder. The Riesling grapes from the Rheingau vineyards cover 147 hectares. These will be introduced in the Steinberg cellar of the Steinberg domain, which was opened in 2008. Much of the Rheingauer Lagen are as First location classified. The most well-known are Mountain Rottland. Mount Roseneck and Mountain Schlossberg (Rudesheim) Steinberg (near Hattenheim), Marcobrunn (Lauterbach) Baiken and Gehrn (Rauenthal) Nerobergbahn (Wiesbaden), as well Domdechaney and hell (High Home).
The most important two varieties are Riesling with 85% and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) with 10% of the total area. To a slow and even fermentation to allow the temperature of the cooling water is controlled by a modern carbon dioxide control. This is followed by a long yeast store. The expansion of the Riesling is almost exclusively in stainless steel tanks only the top quality wines are aged in the traditional half (600 l), Piece- (1200 l) and double piece barrel (2400 l) reserved. The expansion of Spätburgunder wines is 100% in wooden barrels in almost exclusively barrel size. Every year more than 1.9 million bottles of wine are marketed. The winery is a founding member of the VDP (Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter).