The origin of the Champagne house in Reims lies in the company Dubois Père et Fils, which is first mentioned in 1760. Later, this company was owned by Nicolas-Henri Schreider, who is considered the official founder in 1776. This ceased in 1827 his nephew Louis Roederer (1809-1870). After the death of Schreider in 1833, the heir renamed the company to Roederer, which is still valid today. He managed to open up new markets in America and England, as well as the Russian tsar Alexander I (1777-1825) as a buyer of his champagne to win. In 1870, Louis Roederer II (1846-1880) took over the leadership of the company, which had expanded considerably in the meantime.
The Russian court remained loyal to Roederer champagne under Tsar Alexander II (1818-1881). For Alexander, an extremely sweet champagne was produced, which was particularly appreciated in the court and in noble circles. For fear of the frequent attacks at that time and inspired by a champagne bottle of Mercier the cellar master of the Czar demanded transparent bottles in order to be able to quickly recognize visually a poisoned champagne. The special request was met by Roederer and the champagne was first delivered to Russia in 1876. The brand called "Cristal" was filled in bottles of clear crystal glass with a flat bottom. Allegedly, the flat ground was therefore called for, a remnant of a small explosive device in the recess of the bottle bottom excluded. Just like all other products, this brand, which still exists today, is bottled in clear bottles without indentation on the bottom.
After the death of Louis Roederer took over in 1880 his sister Léonie Orly the operation, which continued after her departure, her sons Léon Orly and Louis-Victor Orly and their name added the addition Roederer. At that time, 2.5 million bottles of champagne were already produced each year. After the death of Léon Orly-Roederer in 1932, the widow Camille Orly-Roederer took over the lead for the next 42 years. It opened up new markets and increased the vineyard ownership. The own vineyards in the cover 240 hectares of vineyards in the three areas of Montagne de Reims, Vallée de la Marne and Côte des Blancs with a major portion of Pinot Noir. They will be under the rules of biological (140 ha) and Biodynamic viticulture (100 ha). This area covers two-thirds of the needs; the rest is delivered by contract growers.
The reserve wines will be in for a very long time foudres (large Limousin oak barrels with 4,000 to 5,000 liters volume) and around 250 stainless steel tanks stored with almost 10,000 liters of volume. The oak barrels are in use for up to 60 years. Special attention is the Dosage given. The vintage champagnes store three to four years, the vintage champagne ( Millésime ) five to six years on the yeast. After this dégorgement the bottles are stored for six months before being marketed. The standard version is called "Brut Premier" and will be around 65% Pinot Noir, 30% Chardonnay and 5% Pinot Meunier assembled. There are about 20% reserve wines. He is four years older produced. The vintage champagne "Brut Vintage Milléssimé" is assembled from about two-thirds Pinot Noir and one-third Chardonnay and stored for at least five to six years on the yeast. There is also a rosé version with about 80% share of Pinot Noir.
Two products are among the Cuvée de Prestiges, that means the absolute best champagnes of the house. After the Second World War, the famous "Cristal" was reintroduced. It is a vintage Champagne, which is assembled from 50 to 60% Pinot Noir and 40 to 50% Chardonnay. Only the finest wines from our own Grand Crus are used. The transparent bottles are covered with yellow cellophane, which protects against ultraviolet radiation. There is also a rosé version made from 70% Pinot Noir and 30% Chardonnay, which was first produced in 1974, and is considered one of the best rosé champagnes.
In 1993, the majority of the champagne company Deutz accepted. Other possessions or participations are in Bordeaux the wineries Château de Pez, Château Haut-Beauséjour and Château Pichon-Longueville Comtesse, as well as the wine merchants Maison Descaves; the trading house Delas in Rhone Valley; the Portuguese Port Wine House Ramos Pinto im Douro; as well as the Anderson Valley in California, the Roederer Estate. The company is still family owned and run by a descendant.
Louis Roederer: Par Roederer - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Cristal: Par Ecolin 51100 - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link
Vineyard: Par Ecolin51100 - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link