The history of the winery "Nikolaihof Wachau" in Mautern in the winegrowing area Wachau goes back two thousand years, it counts to oldest enterprises in Austria, The buildings are partly on Roman foundations. In the court association there are remains of the early Christian Agapitus basilica in which Bishop Pilgrim of Passau held a synod in 985 AD. In the vineyard Burggarten was once a military camp for Charlemagne (742-814). The former Freihof was first documented in 1075 as the central seat of the estate administration of Passau St. Nikola. The present chapel was built by the Augustinian Canons. Today, receptions and wine tastings are held under the restored gothic vaulted chapel. The Nikolaihof has been owned by the Saahs family since 1894 and is connected to a wine restaurant and the "ad vineas Nikolaihof guest house". The operation is managed by Nikolaus and Christine Saahs.
Nikolaihof has been in existence for around 350 years wine press wooden. It is considered the world's largest of its kind and is fully functional. The press tree is over 12 meters long and was hacked from the trunk of a single elm tree. The approximately 2,000 kg heavy pressed stone is cranked by hand in the height. The basket holds up to ten tons of grapes. Until the early 1990s was exclusively with this tree Press worked. It was restored and reopened in October 2012. In a video (click to view), the tree press of the Nikolaihof can be admired in action in fast motion.
The vineyards cover 22 hectares of vineyards in the vineyards dog, In the vineyard, Klausberg and vom Stein. You are 90% with Riesling and Green Valtellina, the rest with yellow muscatel. Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) Neuburger and Chardonnay planted. In some locations, the vines are 50 years old. The majority is located in Mautern, but the Rieden dog and Klausberg are located on the other bank of the Danube and are part of the wine-growing region Kremstal, For many years since 1994 strictly according to the rules of Biodynamic viticulture worked, the winery is a member of the worldwide organic farmers association DEMETER, Accordingly, even after the moon phases worked.
In the vineyard is basically based on artificial fertilizers and fungicides. herbicides. insecticides etc. omitted. The wines are made without technical and chemical aids with vineyard yeasts in large oak barrels of about 2,000 to 12,000 liters fermented spontaneously and store in extreme cases up to 20 years in the historic, Roman wine cellar. The product range includes, among others, different white wines of the territorial brands Federspiel. Steinfeder and emerald according to the guidelines of the association Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus, Every year around 100,000 bottles of wine are produced, of which 50% are exported. There are also apricot roasters, apricot jam, compote, mustard, brandy, liqueur. vinegar and much more. produced.