It is (except in Bordeaux) very rare that a wine name is synonymous with the producer and the winery name is rather unknown. An example is "Tenuta San Guido". The estate is located ten kilometers from the coast near the municipality of Bolgheri south of Livorno in the Italian region Tuscany, It was here that Marquis Mario Incisa della Rochetta (1899-1983) descended from an ancient aristocratic family dating back to the time of the Roman Empire. He was hereditary, because his grandfather Leopoldo Incisa had written a bibliography of the then most important Italian and international grape varieties.
Even as a young student of agriculture in Pisa, the Marchese had dreamed of making a "noble wine", the benchmark or model for him was Bordeaux. That's why he started experimenting with French grape varieties. Cabernet Sauvignon was planted in 1944 on a rocky slope below Castiglioncello Castle. This was then outside all recognized areas. A first wine was produced in 1948, but the vintages drunk until 1960 only on their own possessions. From each vintage some boxes were stored. Through regular rehearsals, the Marchese discovered that the wines were getting better and better.
In 1965, two more vineyards with Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc created. Only at the urging of his son Nicolò and his famous nephew Piero Antinori, a member of the already legendary wine-growing family from Florence, convinced the marquis to market the wine. The originally only 1.6 hectares of vineyards under the direction of Nicolò Incisa della Rocchetta expanded to over 30 hectares. The annual production is around 200,000 bottles. The vineyard property is divided into four plots, which are considered the best Sassicaia, Aia Nuova and Quercione at 100 meters, and Castiglioncello at 350 meters above sea level. Especially Sassicaia draws a special one soil type out.
The first named after the many stones (Sassi) in the vineyards as "Sassicaia" red wine came in 1968 in the sale. The unremarkable for Italy at that time, varietal wine from Cabernet Sauvignon with some Cabernet Franc immediately attracted international attention and was quickly to cult wine, For many years, however, it could only be marketed as VdT (table wine) because the two French varieties were not approved for DOC wines. He was beside the Tignanello one of the very first representatives of the series as Super-Tuscans named wines. Later, a temperature-controlled fermentation in steel tanks and an expansion in French introduced. The wine was first bottled and marketed by Piero Antinori. After the death of his father Niccolò Incisa della Rochetta moved in the 1980s, the bottling to Bolgheri.
Finally, in 1994 was in the DOC area Bolgheri also a red wine allowed, including the Sassicaia next to the Ornellaia contributed significantly. Today, Bolgheri Sassicaia , which is actually the full name, is a self-contained DOC area that is almost certainly expected to meet the DOCG classification in the near future. He is counted among the very best red wines in Italy and the long-established Barolo. Brunello di Montalcino or Vino Nobile di Montepulciano at least equal.
The Sassicaia is blended from the two varieties Cabernet Sauvignon (at least 80-85%) and Cabernet Franc (15-20%). The two-week maceration in steel tanks, then it is aged 18 to 24 months in one-third new barrels. The intense ruby red wine has a storage potential of several decades. As a particularly outstanding vintages apply in 1968, 1975, 1978, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1995 and 1997. The two years 1975 and 1985 are exuberantly even as Wines of the century designated. The second or third wines developed for 12 months are called "Guidalberto" and "Le Difese". The company is a member of the renowned Family Winery Association PFV (Primum Familiae Vini).