The cultivation area lies in the federal state Baden-Wuerttemberg in Germany and is differentiated in South Baden and North Baden. It stretches almost 400 kilometers from Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstraße and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. The vineyards cover 15,828 hectares of vines. To the north lies the city Heidelberg with the already founded in 1386 the latest German university. The Badische Weinstraße starts north of this city and leads to Ortenau in Südbaden. Already in the 2nd century, viticulture spread from Lake Constance to the north. It reached its peak in the 16th century.