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Highest appellation in the French wine region Alsace that are a class above normal AOC stands. The name is "Alsace Grand Cru" followed by an indication of the location on label, Although it was adopted in 1975, the first list of 25 locations was only published in 1983. In 1992 a new regulation came into force, at that time 50 locations in 47 municipalities were classified. The size fluctuates considerably, it is between 3.2 at Kanzlerberg up to 80 hectares at Schlossberg, An important prerequisite for the classification was or is above all the geological uniformity within a location.
Since this is probably the most famous Alsatian location Kaefferkopf does not apply, after decades of discussions it was only considered from the 2007 vintage. Another requirement is wines from only the grape varieties Gewurztraminer, Muscat d'Alsace ( Muscat Blanc ) Pinot gris (formerly Tokay Pinot Gris), Riesling and as an exception Sylvaner, The wines have two exceptions unmixed be pressed. In the layers Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopf have been since the 2007 vintage cuvées authorized. As another exception, since the 2005 vintage has been able to Zotzenberg the Sylvaner variety is also permitted.
The plots must be planted (since 2001) with a minimum density of 4,500 vines per hectare. The basic maximum yield is 55 hl / ha, which can be increased annually depending on the weather by 20% to a maximum of 66 hl / ha. Machine reading is prohibited, it must be done by hand. Different for each grape variety and location, the wines must have a minimum alcohol content of between 11 and 14% vol. The wines can also be grown as "Vendange Tardive" (late harvest) or "Sélection de Grains Nobles" (from noble rot grapes).
The vineyards of all Grands Crus cover a total of around 1,700 hectares of vineyards. The production volume of Grand Cru wines is only 4% of Alsace. The best-known producers are listed among the Grands Crus, which include Dirler-Cadé. Hugel et Fils. Kuentz-Bas. Domaines Schlumberger and Trimbach, Administratively, Alsace is divided into two departments. These are southern Haut-Rhin (Upper Rhine), which is considered to be a better wine region, and Bas-Rhin (Lower Rhine), located to the north. The 51 Grands Crus are: