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Germany

Baden 10 growing regions

Description to Baden

The growing area is located in the state of Baden-Württemberg Germany and is distinguished in southern Baden and northern Baden. It extends almost 400 kilometers from the Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstrasse and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. The vineyards cover 15,828 hectares of vineyards. The city is in the north Heidelberg with the oldest German university founded in 1386. The Baden Wine Route begins north of this city and leads to Ortenau in southern Baden. Already in the 2nd century, viticulture spread from Lake Constance to the north. It peaked in the 16th century.

Map of the Baden region

Climate and soil

It is the southernmost German growing region. Because of the above average warm climate Baden is the only one for Wine growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace. Savoy and Loire, and also Austria heard. The nine areas are very different in terms of landscape and climate. The highest temperatures are on the southern slopes of the Kaiserstuhl. The soil types range from gravel, marl and clay to chalk, clay and loess to shell limestone and Keuper.

Areas, municipalities and locations

The Baden wine-growing region is divided into nine areas: Badische Bergstraße, Bodensee, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauberfranken and Tuniberg with 15 large locations and 315 individual locations. The area in the north, Badische Bergstrasse , formed together with the Hessian mountain road the Bergstrasse wine-growing region. This smallest area covers just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, it is also known as the “Riviera of Germany”. The vineyards are concentrated in a few towns north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant type of soil is loess loam with colored sandstone and shell limestone in the subsoil. Contrary to the name, the vineyards are “only” 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one large location in Rittersberg. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

  • Heidelberg : Castle, Dachsbuckel, Dormenacker, Heiligenberg, Herrenberg. Sunny side above the bridge
  • Hemsbach : Herrnwingert
  • Hohensachsen : Stephansberg
  • Laudenbach : Sonnberg
  • Glue : Herrenberg, Way of the Cross
  • Lützelsachsen : Stephansberg
  • Schriesheim : Kuhberg, Madonnenberg, Schlossberg, Staudenberg
  • Weinheim : Herrnwingert, Hubberg, Stephansberg, Wüstberg

The second smallest area with around 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost wine-growing region in Germany. According to a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson Charlemagne (742-814) the Pinot Noir to Bodman. At Lake Constance, the first in Germany in the 1920s Müller-Thurgau grown. The soils are characterized by glacial moraine gravel and molasses (rock deposits). The mirror of Lake Constance is 396 meters, the vineyards extend to 560 meters above sea level. The extinct volcano cone Hohentwiel is the one highest vineyard in Germany. Because of this altitude, the climate here is relatively cool for swimming. There is only one large area of the banks of the sun. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

  • Bermatingen : Leopoldsberg
  • Bodman : Königsweingarten
  • Erzingen : Kapellenberg
  • Gailingen : Ritterhalde, Rheinburg Castle
  • Hohentengen : Mount of Olives
  • Hohentwiel : Elisabethenberg, Olga Berg
  • Kirchberg : Schlossberg
  • Constance : Sonnenhalde
  • Markdorf : Burgstall, Sängerhalde
  • Meersburg : urchin, Chorherrenhalde, Fohrenberg, Haltnau, Jungfernstieg, Lerchenberg, Rieschen, Singer dump
  • Oberuhldingen (Birnau) : Kirchhalde
  • Stetten : Fohrenberg, Lerchenberg, Sängerhalde

The Breisgau area covers around 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it should not be confused with the much larger geographical region of Breisgau. The soils are dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There is higher rainfall. The most common types are Pinot Noir with over 40%, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations, Schutter-Lindenberg, Lichteneck Castle and Zähringen Castle. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

The Kaiserstuhl area in the south is by far the largest with over 4,100 hectares of vineyards. It is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly, volcanic, but also loess soils predominate. The Kaiserstuhl's climate is particularly favorable for viticulture. The warmest region in Germany can be found on the southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen. The most common types are Pinot Noir with 40%, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. There is only one major location called volcanic rocks. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

  • Achkarren : Castellberg, Schlossberg
  • Amoltern : Steinhalde
  • Bahlingen : Silberberg
  • Bickensohl : Herrenstück, stone rock
  • Bischoffingen : Enselberg, rosary, stone Buck
  • Blankenhornsberg : Doctor garden
  • Bötzingen : Eckberg, Lasenberg
  • Buchheim : Rebstuhl
  • Breisach : Augustinerberg, Eckartsberg
  • Burkheim : Feuerberg Castle hill Castle garden
  • Eichstetten : Herrenbuck, Lerchenberg
  • Endingen : Engelsberg, stone pit, Tannacker
  • Ihringen : Castellberg, Fohrenberg, Kreuzhalde, Schlossberg Stone rock Winklerberg
  • Jechtingen : eichert, Enselberg, pews, high mountain, stone pit
  • Kiechlingsbergen : Mount of Olives, Teufelsburg
  • Königschaffhausen : Hasenberg, stone pomegranate
  • Leiselheim : stalls
  • Neuershausen : stone pit
  • Nimburg-Bottingen : stone pit
  • Oberbergen : Bassgeige (Tub in the Leh and barn), powder Buck
  • Oberrotweil : Eichberg. Henkenberg. Käsleberg. Kirchberg. Schlossberg
  • Bars : St. Michaelsberg
  • Sasbach : Limburg, Red heap
  • Schelingen : Kirchberg
  • Wasenweiler : Kreuzhalde, Lotberg

Baden - View of Oberbergen with bass violin and powder bucket (Kaiserstuhl)

The Kraichgau area in the north comprises over 1,200 hectares of vineyards. Until 1996 it formed a common area with the Badische Bergstrasse. The predominant type of soil is deep, calcareous loess, which is reflected in the sometimes very spacious, curved terraces. In contrast to all other areas, Riesling is at the top with around 20%, followed by Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations: Hohenberg, Mannaberg and Stiftsberg. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

  • Bruchsal : Klosterberg, Rothenberg, Weiherberg, Weinhecke
  • Durlach : Turmberg
  • Eichelberg : Kapellenberg
  • Eichtersheim : climbing mountain, Sonnenberg
  • Heidelsheim : Altenberg
  • Kürnbach : Lerchenberg
  • Malsch : olive tree, Rotsteig
  • Michelfeld : Himmelberg, Sonnenberg
  • Odenheim : Königsbecher
  • Östringen : Hummelberg, Rosenkranzweg, Ulrichsberg
  • Sulzfeld : Burg Ravensburger Dicker Franz. Burg Ravensburger hussar cap. Ravensburger Löchle Castle, Lerchenberg
  • Tiefenbach : Schellenbrunnen, Spiegelberg
  • Weingarten : Katzenberg, Petersberg
  • Zeutern : Kingdom of Heaven

The Markgräflerland area comprises over 3,000 hectares of vineyards that stretch between Freiburg and Basel. The predominant type of soil is loam and loess with some lime marl. The climate, especially in the north, is rather cool and humid. The most common grape variety with a third share is Chasselas (Gutedel), which was brought here around 1780 by the Baden Duke Karl Friedrich von Baden (1728-1811) from Vevey (Switzerland). The next varieties are Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Blanc. The area is divided into the three major locations Burg Neuenfels, Lorettoberg and Vogtei Rötteln. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

  • Auggen : Latvians, sheep
  • Badenweiler : Römerberg
  • Bad Krozingen : Stone pear
  • Ballrechte-Dottingen : Altenberg and Castellberg
  • Binzen : Sunshine
  • Britzingen : Kaiserbereg, Rosenberg, Sonnhole (with cadastral location Muggardter Berg)
  • Bring : Sommerberg
  • Efringen churches : Kirchberg, Mount of Olives, Sonnhohle, Steingässle
  • Egringen : Sunshine
  • Ehrenstetten : Mount of Olives, Rosenberg
  • Fischingen : Weingarten
  • Haltingen : stairs
  • Heitersheim : Maltesergarten. Sun Hollow
  • Hügelheim : Gottesacker, Höllberg, castle garden
  • Istein : Kirchberg
  • Running : Altenberg (with Muggardter Berg cadastral location), Weingarten
  • Lörrach-Tüllingen : sun well
  • Breathing : Fraunberg, Sun piece
  • Müllheim : Pfaffenstück, Reggenhag, Sonnhalde
  • Ötlingen : sun cave, stairs
  • Pfaffenweiler : Batzenberg, Oberdürrenberg
  • Rümmingen : sunny
  • Schlatt : Maltesergarten, stone pear
  • Schliengen : Sun piece
  • Staufen / Grunern : Schlossberg
  • Because on the Rhine : Schlipfkrapfen, Stairs

The Ortenau area comprises around 2,700 vineyards from Bermersbach in the south to Baden-Baden in the north. The predominant soil type is heavily weathered granite and porphyry with occasional loess and loess clay layers. This offers excellent conditions for the Riesling, which is in second place after the Pinot Noir before the Müller-Thurgau and here for historical reasons Klingelberger is called. There is relatively high rainfall. The area is divided into two major locations, Fürsteneck and Schloss Rodeck. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

The Tauberfranken area includes the vineyards between Bad Mergentheim-Dainbach and Wertheim-Dertingen along the eponymous Tauber. However, it is only part of the Tauber valley, which was divided into three sections in three growing areas. The Baden part of Tauberfranken covers 670 hectares of vineyards. The most common types here are Müller-Thurgau and Schwarzriesling. The predominant type of soil is shell limestone with loamy fine soils, as well as Keuper and Buntsandstein. There is only one major location called Tauberklinge. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

The Tuniberg area used to form a cultivation area with the Kaiserstuhl. The separation took place from a geological point of view, because the soil is not of volcanic origin, but limestone and loess predominate. The vineyards cover 1,000 hectares of vineyards. The most important varieties are Pinot Noir and Müller-Thurgau. There is only one large area called Attila Rock. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers:

  • Gottenheim : Kirchberg
  • Quantities : Alemanni Buck
  • Merdingen : Bühl
  • Munzingen : chapel hill
  • Niederrimsingen : Rotgrund
  • Oberrimsingen : Franciscan
  • Opfingen : Sonnenberg
  • Tiengen : Rebtal
  • Waltershofen : stone wall

Blend

Only in the growing regions is there a red wine vine at the top with the Pinot Noir Ahr and Wuerttemberg, As in the other growing regions, however, the trend towards red wine varieties declined. There have been no major changes since 2009. Wines from the Burgundy varieties are typical, Baden specialties are Weißherbst. Badisch rose gold and Baden Selection, Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
Common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 5389 34.0 5794
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner White 2397 15.1 2687
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 2129 13.5 1703
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 1546 9.8 1196
Chasselas Chasselas, White Gutedel White 1094 6.9 1101
Riesling White Riesling, Rheinriesling White 1019 6.4 1160
Chardonnay - White 259 1.6 162
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 224 1.4 260
regent - red 209 1.3 306
Red traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 148 0.9 154
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 138 0.9 89
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 121 0.8 153
Cabernet Mitos - red 118 0.8 134
Yellow muscatel muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 108 0.7 64
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 84 0.5 66
Limberger / Lemberger , Blue Limberger red 69 0.4 60
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 56 0.5 43
Merlot - red 53 0.3 27
Kerner - White 52 0.3 71
Nobling - White 50 0.3 -
Bacchus - White 49 0.3 43
Solaris - White 43 0.3 37
Dornfelder - red 41 0.3 48
Cabernet Dorsa - red 33 0.2 35
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 28 0.2 20
Acolon - red 26 0.2 28
Cabernet Cortis - red 26 0.2 23
Johanniter - White 26 0.2 19
dark fields - red 25 0.2 48
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 24 0.2 32
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 24 0.2 22
Souvignier Gris - White 21 0.2 -
Muscaris - White 16 0.1 -
Dakapo - red 15 0.1 -
St. Laurent - red 14 0.1 15
Bouvierfoundling White 12 0.1 12
prior - red 11 0.1 -
Syrah Shiraz red 11 0.1 5
Cabernet Blanc - White 10 0.1 -
Deckrot - red 10 0.1 -
Cabernet Franc - red 8th 0.1 5
monarch - red 7 - -
Cabernet carbon - red 6 - -
Helios - White 6 - -
Muscat Ottonel - White 6 - -
Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 5 - 5
Tauberschwarz Blue hangman red 5 - 3
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 4 - 4
Cabernet Carol - red 4 - -
Piroso - red 4 - -
Viognier - White 4 - -
Bronner - White 2 - 2
Cabernet Cubin - red 2 - 3
Cabernet Dorio - red 2 - 2
Palas - red 2 - 4
Blue Silvaner - White 1 - -
Freisamer - White 1 - 2
Goldmuskateller - White 1 - -
Green Valtellina - White 1 - -
Huxelrebe - White 1 - 1
Merzling - White 1 - 2
pearl - White 1 - -
Pinotin - red 1 - -
Rieslaner - White 1 - -
Tempranillo - red 1 - -
White Elbling Elbling White 1 - -
Blauburger - red 0 - -
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Domina - red 0 - -
Hegel - White 0 - -
Heroldrebe - red 0 - -
Hoelder - White 0 - -
jewel - White 0 - 1
Kernling - White 0 - -
Morio Muscat Morio White 0 - 0
Muskat-TrollingerMuscat d'Hamburg red 0 - -
Ortega - White 0 - -
Phoenix - White 0 - -
Saphira - White 0 - -
Siegerrebe - White 0 - -
otherwise. white varieties - White 13 0.1 19
otherwise. red varieties - red 13 0.1 59
WHITE VARIETIES 9416 59.5 8856
RED VARIETIES 6412 40.5 6980
TOTAL 15828 100 15836


producers

More than three quarters of the vineyard area is made up of around 100 Winzergenossenschaften processed. They use the huge central cellar founded in 1952 Baden wine cellar, which is one of the largest in Europe. Well-known producers are Raising Robert & Manfred. Augit. Axel Bauer. Baden wine cellar. Bercher. Bercher-Schmidt. Bian. Bickensohler. Blankenhorn. Brenneisen Dirk. Ravensburg Castle. Burkheim vintners at the Kaiserstuhl. Doerflinger. Clauer Jörg. Dr. Heger. Duijn. Durbacher wine cooperative. Enderle & Moll. Fendt wine family. Fischer Otto. Baron von Gleichenstein. Baron von und zu Franckenstein. Frey Martin. Frick Bernhard. Brothers Müller. Countess Wolff Metternich'sches Weingut. Gravino. Heitlinger. Hero Norbert. Hofgut Consequence. Holub Horst. Huber Bernhard. Hummel Bernd. Hunn Kilian. Jägle Bernhard. Johner Karl-Heinz. Kalkbödele. Karle Gerhard. Cellar Franz. Kiefer Friedrich. Klumpp Ulrich. Knab. Köbelin Arndt. Kopp Johannes. Laible Andreas. Lämmlin-Schindler. Farmer Jürgen. Männle Andreas.

Männle Heinrich. Marget Klaus-Martin. Margrave of Baden (Salem, Staufenberg), Müller Adam. Nägelsförst. Nieger Sven. Pfaffenweiler wine house. Pix Reinhold. Plag Werner. Reichsgraf and Marquis zu Hoensbroech. Reinecker Herbert. Rinklin Friedhelm. Salwey. Treasure Gregor and Thomas. Treasure Leopold. Schlor Konrad. Schlossgut E bring. Schlossgut Istein. Neuweier Castle. Ortenberg Castle. Schneider Claus. Schneider Reinhold. Schlumberger Hartmut. Schweigler Dieter. Seeger Thomas. State winery Freiburg. Meersburg State Winery. Stigler Andreas. St. Remigius. Trautwein Hans-Peter. Wassmer Martin. Weber Werner. Wiesler Michael. WG Achkarren. Flat share Königschaffhausen. Woehrle Markus. Zähringer Wilhelm. Zeller Abtsberg winemaker. Ziereisen,

Kaiserstuhl / Oberbergen: © DWI (German Wine Institute)

In the wine guide you will find
currently 135 738 Wines and 22 897 Producers, including 1 541 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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