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Austria

Burgenland 9 growing regions

Description to Burgenland

The state of Burgenland with the capital Eisenstadt is located in the east Austria, It is bordered to the north by the Slovakia, to the east Hungary, in the south on a few kilometers Slovenia and in the west to the two Austrian provinces Lower Austria and Styria, Viticulture has been important here for at least two and a half millennia, as evidenced by the regionally modified saying by the historian Johannes Aventinus (1477-1534) "Extra Pannoniam non es vita; si est vita, non est ita "is underlined (outside of Pannonia you can not live, if you can live, then not like here). The place Zagersdorf counts beside Stillfried in the Weinviertel to the oldest wine growing communities in Austria, because in one Celtic Grave mound from the Hallstatt period about 700 BC Grape seeds were the cultural vine Vitis vinifera discovered.

In the first century BC, the Romans invaded Danube and founded the province of Pannonia (historical landscape in western Hungary, to which today's Bgld. counted, which only came to Austria in 1920). A new wine culture was formed by the abolition of the vine planting prohibition by Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282). At that time the Roman legionaries were entitled to three measures of wine per capita per day. In 433 AD, King Huns Attila conquered the province of Pannonia. The turmoil of the migration of peoples had a very negative effect on viticulture and only emperors Charlemagne (742-814) led a reconstruction, inter alia, by introducing nobler ones Frankish Sorts. Wine from their own vineyards in the Buschenschenken (wine taverns) to be allowed to pour, great animation.

The biggest merit is the Cistercians attributed to the swampy and wooded area drained and cleared. In 1216, they already cultivated 99 vineyards in Heiligenkreuz (Lower Austria). From here, they started around the Neusiedlersee to create monastery Marienberg (near Oberpullendorf) and around St. Gotthard more wine crops. In the 16th century, the vineyard had reached the largest extent and viticulture had become the main source of income. The Hungarian Queen Maria (1505-1558) granted Burgenland winegrowers great privileges. She lent the wine places Rust. Jois and Neusiedl on the lake the right to label their wine barrels with the initial letters "R", "G" (for Geusz) and "N". The famous Ruster outbreak was created at that time and the Tokaj equated.

Burgenland was particularly affected by the many Turks in the 16th and 17th centuries. Despite all the turmoil of war, epidemics, Wetterunbilden and other strokes of fate was the period from the 16th to the 18th century, the absolute glory days of Burgenland viticulture, which were mainly produced at this time white wines. Large quantities were delivered to the imperial court cellar in Wien and the particularly popular Ruster wine received the honorary title "Vinum imperatorum - imperator vinorum". At that time there were four quality classes in Burgenland: Vinum Nobile (fine wine, dry berries of the grape variety Furmint), Vinum Bonum (quality wine from Furmint, Augster and Muscat), Vinum Mediocre (medium quality) and Vinum Cibale (table wine).

In 1622, Count Nikolaus received Esterházy (1583-1645) from the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) the dominions of Forchtenstein and Eisenstadt assigned as a fief. This noble family promoted viticulture and wine trade and became the largest landowner in Austria. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Golden Age was over. Due to the Napoleonic wars and crop failures large vineyards had to be abandoned and rededicated to farmland. In the second half of the 19th century also in Burgenland the phylloxera to. Great merit in the fight was acquired by Paul Vetter Gols, The area is by Pannonian-continental climate, the climate-regulating influence of the 230 km² Neusiedlersee and relatively long vegetation times of up to 250 days. Due to the excellent climatic conditions, the Burgenland is ideally suited for viticulture and is considered the red wine region of Austria.

Weinbaugebiete Burgenland

Together with Lower Austria and Wien Burgenland forms the wine country, which is used as indication of origin for Vins serves. It used to be in four wine regions divided. In 2016 there was a major restructuring with changes in the boundaries of the vineyards. Only two of them are congruent with the earlier wine-growing areas. The political district Mattersburg forms the newly created fifth area Rosalia. The two major sites Pinkatal and Geschriebenstein were the great situation südburgenland replaced. The Free City Rust does not belong to any specific area. In all quality wines must be on label the generic Weinbaugebiet Burgenland appear; with DAC wines additionally the DAC designation, The vineyards with the vineyards in 2017 (in brackets the values of 2009):

  • Eisenberg DAC (congruent with former southern Burgenland) - 515 ha (499 ha)
  • Leithaberg DAC (formerly Neusiedlersee-Hügelland, changed borders) - 3,097 ha (3,576 ha)
  • Mittelburgenland DAC (name and congruence) - 2,104 ha (2,118 ha)
  • Lake Neusiedl DAC (same name, changed borders) - 6,675 ha (7,649 ha)
  • Rosalia DAC (district Mattersburg, new) - 297 ha
  • local community Rust - 412 hectares

Burgenland - map with vineyards

Blend

In 2017, the vineyards totaled 13,100 hectares. Compared to 2009 with 13,842 hectares, this was a reduction of almost 6%. The proportion of white wines is 44.4%, the proportion of red wines 55.6%. At the top are the two red varieties Blaufränkisch and Zeigelt, which together account for around 40%:

Grape variety - Austrian
main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
colour hectare
2017
% -Ant
2017
hectare
2009
- red 2843 21.7 3053
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 2513 19.2 2649
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 1365 10.4 1473
- White 1255 9.6 1422
ChardonnayMorillon - Not used in Bgld White 657 5.0 566
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner White 510 3.9 551
Merlot - r0t 435 3.3 395
St. Laurent - red 368 2.8 406
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 365 2.8 363
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 300 2.3 376
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 286 2.2 325
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 265 2.0 198
Muscat Ottonel - White 262 2.0 264
Bouvier - White 187 1.4 204
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 157 1.2 191
Neuburger - White 139 1.1 219
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 133 1.0 151
Syrah Shiraz red 114 0.9 113
Blauburger - red 112 0.9 163
Gem. Set knows - White 109 0.8 133
TraminerGewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. White 106 0.8 138
Gray Burgundy Pinot gris, Ruländer White 77 0.6 95
Goldburger - White 48 0.4 80
Roesler - red 128 1.0 71
muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc White 137 1.0 70
Cabernet Franc - red 59 0.5 34
Rathay - red 23 0.2 -
Gem. Set red - red - 0.2 25
Frühroter Veltliner malmsey White 13 0.1 21
Blue Portuguese - red 11 0.1 19
Furmint - White 11 0.1 8th
Jubiläumsrebe - White 3.5 - 9
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner White 2 - 2
Rotgipfler - White 1 - -
Red Veltliner - White 0.5 - 1
Zierfandler Spätrot White 0.3 - 1
and white varieties - White 81 0.6 51
and red varieties - red 25 0.2 1
WHITE VARIETIES 5818 44.4 6227
RED VARIETIES 7282 55.6 7615
TOTAL 13,100 100 13842

producers

Well-known Burgenland Winzergenossenschaften and vintners associations are Blaufränkischland. Pannobile. Pannonian dance. Renowned wineries Burgenland (RWB), Weinidylle Southern Burgenland and Winzerkeller Neckenmarkt, The wineries are listed in the wine regions.

Map: © ÖWM

In the wine guide you will find
currently 132 196 Wines and 23 059 Producers, including 1 380 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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