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The appellation is after the eponymous capital of the department of Lot in Southwest France named. The vineyards with about 4,500 hectares of vineyards are located on both banks of the River Lot, northwest of Gaillac, The vineyard is one of the oldest and most famous in France. The Celts (Gauls) were already here in the 6th century BC. Chr. Ago. Under Emperor Domitian (51-96) was cultivated here by the Romans wine. In the 13th century, the Cahors wine was exported to England and gained there as a "black wine" excellent reputation. In Cahors was the later Pope John XII. (1244-1334) and there was a university founded by him for more than 400 years. When he resided as Pope in Avignon on the Rhône, he had winemakers from Cahors come to here the predecessor of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape grow.
King Francis I (1494-1547) was so impressed by the Cahors that he planted vines in his residence Fontainebleau. At the end of the 18th century, the Russian Orthodox Church called Cahors wine altar wine and the Russian Tsar's court as a pomp wine on special occasions. Because of pronunciation problems he was here as "Kagor" to the synonym for Messwein. The famous Tsar's vineyard Massandra in Ukraine produced according to the Cahors model under this name a still produced today Dessert wine, In the 19th century, the "Black Wine of Cahors" came to legendary reputation. At that time, a portion of the must was thickened by boiling (concentrated) to make the wine particularly tasty and dark.
The phylloxera destroyed large stocks at the end of the 19th century and were largely destroyed hybrids planted. An extreme frost in 1956 destroyed the entire vine population, which had a positive effect on the quality. Because the replanting took place with Malbec with 70% of the area, as well as Merlot and Tannat. Then it went up quickly, the AOC classification was granted in 1971. The then French President Georges Pompidou (1911-1974), who owned land in the Lot, played an important role. The long-storable, deep-red wine draws an intense, tannic Taste out. He will be out of at least 70% Malbec ( Cot ) with up to 30% Tannat and or Merlot blended (the previously used variety Jurançon Noir has not been approved since 1996).
Well-known producers in Cahors are Château Bovila, Château de Caïx, Château du Cayrou, Château du Cèdre. Château Chambert, Château Gautoul, Château Lagrézette Château Lamartine, Château Quattre, Château du Souleillou, Château Vincens, Clos de Camot, Clos la Coutale, Clos Triguedina, Domaine de Gaudou, Domaine de la Coustarelle, Domaine des Grauzils, Domaine des Savarines, Domaine Pinneraie, Vigouroux (with the wineries Ch. de Haute-Serre, Ch. de Mercuès, Ch. Leret-Monpezat, Ch. Tournelles) and Vinovalie,