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The appellation is after the eponymous capital of the Lot department in Southwest France named. The vineyards with around 4,500 hectares of vineyards are located on both banks of the River Lot, northwest of Gaillac, The wine region is one of the oldest and most famous in France. The Celts (Gauls) were already here in the 6th century BC. Chr wooden barrels ago. Under emperor Domitian (51-96) wine was grown here by the Romans. In the 13th century, the Cahors wine was exported to England and gained an excellent reputation there as a "black wine". In Cahors the later Pope John XII. (1244-1334) was born and there was a university founded by him for over 400 years. When he resided in Avignon on the Rhône as Pope, he had winegrowers from Cahors come to be the predecessor of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape grow.
King Francis I (1494-1547) was so impressed by the Cahors that he had vines planted in his Fontainebleau residence. The Russian Orthodox Church purchased wine from Cahors at the end of the 18th century altar wine and the Russian Tsar Court as a splendid wine for special occasions. Because of pronunciation problems he was here as "Kagor" a synonym for mess wine. The famous Tsarist winery Massandra in Ukraine, based on the Cahors model, produced one still produced under this name Dessert wine, In the 19th century, the “Black Wine from Cahors” had a legendary reputation. At that time, part of the must was concentrated (concentrated) by boiling in order to make the wine particularly tasty and dark.
The phylloxera destroyed large stocks towards the end of the 19th century and most of them became hybrids planted. An extreme frost in 1956 destroyed the entire vine stock, which had a positive effect on the quality. Because the new planting took place with Malbec with 70% of the area, as well as Merlot and Tannat. After that things went up quickly, the AOC classification was issued in 1971. The then French President Georges Pompidou (1911-1974), who owned land in the Lot department, played an important role in this. The long storable, deep dark red wine is characterized by an intense, tannic Taste out. It is made from at least 70% Malbec ( Cot ) with up to 30% Tannat and or Merlot blended (the previously used variety Jurançon Noir has not been approved since 1996).
Well-known producers in Cahors are Château Bovila, Château de Caïx, Château du Cayrou, Château du Cedre. Château Chambert, Château Gautoul, Château Lagrézette, Château Lamartine, Château Quattre, Château du Souleillou, Château Vincens, Clos de Camot, Clos la Coutale, Clos Triguedina, Domaine de Gaudou, Domaine de la Coustarelle, Domaine des Grauzils, Domaine des Savarines, Domaine Pinneraie, Vigouroux (with the wineries Ch. de Haute-Serre, Ch. de Mercuès, Ch. Leret-Monpezat, Ch. Tournelles) and Vinovalie,