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Croatia

15 growing regions

Description to Croatia

The country has a very old wine culture, because along the Dalmatian Adriatic coast was already 1000 BC by the Illyrians. Chr. Viticulture operated. The Greeks founded from 600 BC BC some colonies. From this time comes the writing "The Feast of the Scholars", in which the winemaking in the colony Issa (today's island Vis) is reported. A wine from here was even considered the best of the then ancient wines considered. The Roman emperor Probus (232-282) promoted viticulture in the third century AD and the Slavs settling there in the seventh century continued to cultivate it. The Croats developed after their settlement in Dalmatia, viticulture in addition to olive growing and fishing as an important industry.

Around 1000 AD, the Republic conquered Venice the regions Dalmatia and parts of Istria and kept the rule for over 300 years. From the beginning of the 12th century was a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1232 monks of the Cistercian Order founded in Kutjevo a wine cellar, which still exists today. In the middle of the 15th century, Hungary and Croatia suffered heavy territorial losses due to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. After numerous battles against the Ottomans, a large part of Croatia came under the administration of the Habsburgs in the 18th century. There was also a mutual influence of viticulture. The privileged import of Italian wines at the end of the 19th century made viticulture difficult. After the Second World War Croatia became a republic Yugoslavia and self-employed in 1991 as "Republika Hrvatska".

In 2012, the vineyards covered 29,000 hectares, of which 1.293 million hectoliters of wine were produced. Since 2000, the area under vines has dropped by half in just 12 years. Well-known producers are Enjini Ivan, Katunar, Frano Milos, Grgich Miljenko (butler of Grgich Hills Napa Valley), Milos Frano, Krauthaker Vlado, Skaramuca, Zdjelarevic, Zlatan Otok (Zlatan Plenkovic). There are two clearly separated wine-growing regions. These are divided into subregions and these into cultivation areas. The northern continental Croatia (Kontinentalna Hrvatska) extends from Slovenia in the west to the limit Serbia in the East. Here continental climate prevails. The region consists of the seven subregions Moslavina, Plesivica, Podunavlje ( Danube ), Pokuplje (Kupa), Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonia (Slavonia) and Zagorje-Medjimurje. Two thirds of white wines are produced here.

The southern region of Croatian Littoral (Primorska Hrvatska) is mainly known for Dalmatia, where the vineyards stretch from Rijeka to Dubrovnik. Here prevails Mediterranean climate. The region is divided into five sub-regions, Dalmatinska Zagora (Dalmatian hinterland), Hrvatsko Primorye (coastal area with many islands such as Hvar, Korcula, Krk, Lastovo and Vis), Istra (Istria), Sjeverna Dalmacija (Northern Dalmatia) and Srednja / Juzna Dalmacija (Central and South Dalmatia). Here are growing red wines, among the best known Croatian brand wines Dingac. Faros. Peljesac. postup. Prosek and Teran, The Blend 2010 illustrates that many autochthonous Varieties cultivated:

vine colour Synonyms or name in Croatia hectare
White graševina 4701
Malvasia Istarska White Istarska Malvazija, Malvazija Istarska Bijela 1705
Plavac Mali red Crljenak, Kasteljanak 1569
Merlot red - 780
Riesling White Rizling Rajnski 676
Chardonnay White - 668
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 646
Plavina red Brajda, Plavina Crna 643
red Frankovka 558
debit White Čarapar, Debit Bijeli, Puljižanac 403
Babic red Babić Crni, Babić Mali 359
Malvasia Bianca Lunga White Maraština, Rukatac, Višana 285
Kraljevina White Kraljevina Crvena, Red Portuguese 268
Pošip Bijeli White Pošip, Pošipak, Vgorski Bijeli 253
Sauvignon Blanc White Sovinjon 249
Gewurztraminer / Traminer White Traminac 234
Trbljan White Dobrogoština, Kuc, Trbljan Bijeli 231
Terrano / Refosco red Teran 228
Pinot Gris White - 219
Trebbiano Toscano White Rogoznicka, Šijaka, Ugni Blanc 210
Kujundzusa White Kojundzusa, Kujundzusa Bijela 206
Pinot Blanc White Pinot Bijeli 188
Syrah red Shiraz 187
Pinot Noir red Pinot Crni 180
Furmint White Moslavac 172
Vranac red Vranac Crmnichki, Vranac Crni 149
Sylvaner White Silvanac Zeleni 139
Žlahtina White Vrbnička Žlahtina, Žlahtina Bijela 135
Ranfol White Plavis, Ranfol Bijela 135
Zweigelt red - 123
Refosco? red - 122
Garnacha Tinta red - 103
Cabernet Franc red - 95
Cardinal red - 91
Tribidrag / Zinfandel red Crljenak Kaštelanski 65
Škrlet White Ovnek Slatki, Škrlet Tusti, Škrtec 61
Müller-Thurgau White - 60
Goldmuskateller (Moscato Giallo) White Nutmeg Zuti 59
Rkatsiteli White - 57
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White Nutmeg Bijeli 56
Kövidinka White Dinka Alba, Kevidinka 56
Victoria (1) White - 52
Bogdanusa White Bogdanjusa, Bogdanusa Bijela 48
Blue Portuguese red Portugizac Crni 42
Vugava White Bugava, Viskulja, Vugava Bijela 36
Cetinka White Blatinka, Blatka, Cetinjka 35
Zlatarica Vrgorska White Plavka, Zlatarica Bijela 19
Trnjak red Rudežuša, Trnjak Crni 15
Lasina red Krapljenica, Kutlarica 14
Rosenmuskateller red Muškat Ruža Porečki 14
Gegic White Debejan, Debljan, Gegic Bijeli 11
Kerner White Kerner Bijeli 4
Župljanka White Garganja 4
Babica red Babica Crni, Kastelanka ?
Bratkovina Bijela White Brabkovica, Mesnac ?
Dišeca ​​Ranina White Dišeca ​​Ranina Bijela ?
Dobričić red Čihovac, Crljenak Slatinski, Dobričić Crni ?
Drnekusa red Darnekusa, Darnekusa Mala, Darnekusa Vela ?
Duranija White Brajdenica, Duranija Bijela ?
Glavinuša red Carnjenak, Glavanjuša, Okatac ?
grk White Gark, Grk Bijeli, Grk Korculanski ?
Gustopupica Crna red Gustopup, Gustopupa, Gustopupka ?
Hrvatica red Hrvatica Crna, Jarbola, Carbonera ?
Kadarun red - ?
Kupusar red Crljenak Kupusar, Plavac Kupusar ?
Kurtelaska Bijela White Kortolaska, Kurtelasca ?
Ljutun red Ljutac, Plavac, Plavac Bedalovac ?
Malvasia di Lipari White Malvasija Dubrovačka ?
Medna White Buboj, Bumba, Medna Bijela ?
Mladinka White Mladenka ?
Ninčuša red Lincuša, Mlinčevac, Vincuša ?
Pošip Crni red - ?
Prč White Čimavica, Parč, Prč Bijeli ?
Rotgipfler White Zelenac Slatki ?
Sémillon White Semijon ?
Suscan red Brajda Velika Crna, Susac, Suscan Crni ?
Vlaška White Maraškina Velog Zrna, Prejica ?


Wine categories : In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ):

ZOZP (Zaštićena Oznaka Zemljopisnog Podrijetla)
A country wine with protected geographical indication.

ZOI (Zaštićena Oznaka Izvornosti)
A quality wine with a protected designation of origin.

Prädikatswein / Predikatno Vino

Special wine names / types

  • Arhivsko Vino archive wine (longer maturation in barrel and bottle)
  • Desertno Vino sweet wine
  • Istrian Quality (IQ, reference to basic qualities of Istrian wines)
  • KZP (Kontroliranim Zemljopisnim Podrijetlom) = controlled geographical origin
  • Mlado Vino young wine
  • Opolo = Rose
  • Sortno Vino = varietal wine
  • Vrhunsko Vino = top quality wine, high quality wine
In the wine guide you will find
currently 125 397 Wines and 22 936 Producers, including 1 260 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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