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Croatia

15 growing regions

Description to Croatia

The country has a very old wine culture, because along the Dalmatian Adriatic coast the Illyrians had already 1000 BC. Chr. Viticulture operated. The Greeks founded from 600 BC Some colonies. The writing "The Feast of the Scholars" dates from this time and reports on the winemaking in the colony of Issa (today's island of Vis). A wine from here was even considered the best of that time ancient wines considered. The roman emperor Probus (232-282) promoted viticulture in the third century AD and the Slavs who settled here in the seventh century continued to cultivate it. After settling in Dalmatia, the Croatians developed viticulture alongside olive growing and fishing as an important branch of the economy. Around 1000 AD the Republic conquered Venice the regions of Dalmatia and parts of Istria and retained rule for over 300 years.

From the beginning of the 12th century, a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary emerged. In 1232 was founded by Cistercian monks founded a wine cellar in Kutjevo that still exists today. In the middle of the 15th century, Hungary and Croatia suffered severe loss of territory due to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. After many battles against the Ottomans, much of Croatia came under the administration of the Habsburgs in the 18th century. As a result, there was a mutual influence of viticulture. The privileged import of Italian wines at the end of the 19th century made viticulture difficult. After the Second World War, Croatia became a republic Yugoslavia and in 1991 independently as "Republika Hrvatska".

Croatia - Map and vineyards on the island of Hvar

In 2012, the vineyards covered 29,000 hectares of vineyards, of which 1.293 million hectoliters of wine were produced. The area under vines has decreased by half in just 12 years since 2000. Well-known producers are Enjini Ivan, Katunar, Frano Milos, Grgich Miljenko (cellar master of Grgich Hills in Napa Valley), Milos Frano, Krauthaker Vlado, Skaramuca, Zdjelarevic, Zlatan Otok (Zlatan Plenkovic). There are two distinct wine regions. These are divided into sub-regions and these into cultivation areas. Northern continental Croatia (Continental Hrvatska) extends from Slovenia in the west to the border Serbia in the East. The climate here is continental. The region consists of the seven subregions Moslavina, Plesivica, Podunavlje ( Danube ), Pokuplje (Kupa), Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonija (Slavonia) and Zagorje-Medjimurje. Two thirds of white wines are produced here.

The Croatian coastal region (Primorska Hrvatska) in the south is best known for Dalmatia, where the vineyards stretch from Rijeka to Dubrovnik. The Mediterranean climate prevails here. The region is divided into five sub-regions, namely Dalmatinska Zagora (Dalmatian hinterland), Hrvatsko Primorje (coastal area with many islands such as Hvar, Korčula, Krk, Lastovo and Vis), Istra (Istria), Sjeverna Dalmacija (North Dalmatia) and Srednja / Juzna Dalmacija (Central and South Dalmatia). Red wines in particular grow here, and are among the best-known Croatian brand wines Dingac. Faros. Peljesac. postup. Prošek and Teran, The Blend 2010 illustrates that many autochthonous Varieties are grown:

vine colour Synonyms or name in Croatia hectare
White graševina 4701
Malvazija Istarska White Istarska Malvazija, Malvazija Istarska Bijela 1705
Plavac Mali red Crljenak, Kasteljanak 1569
Merlot red - 780
Riesling White Rizling Rajnski 676
Chardonnay White - 668
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 646
Plavina red Brajda, Plavina Crna 643
red Frankovka 558
debit White Čarapar, Debit Bijeli, Puljižanac 403
Babic red Babić Crni, Babić Mali 359
Malvasia Bianca Lunga White Maraština, Rukatac, Višana 285
Kraljevina White Kraljevina Crvena, Red Portuguese 268
Pošip Bijeli White Pošip, Pošipak, Vgorski Bijeli 253
Sauvignon Blanc White Sovinjon 249
Gewurztraminer / Traminer White Traminac 234
Trbljan White Dobrogoština, Kuč, Trbljan Bijeli 231
Terrano / Refosco red Teran 228
Pinot gris White - 219
Trebbiano Toscano White Rogoznička, Šijaka, Ugni Blanc 210
Kujundzusa White Kojundzusa, Kujundzusa Bijela 206
Pinot Blanc White Pinot Bijeli 188
Syrah red Shiraz 187
Pinot Noir red Pinot Crni 180
Furmint White Moslavac 172
Vranac red Vranac Crmnichki, Vranac Crni 149
Sylvaner White Silvanac Zeleni 139
Žlahtina White Vrbnička Žlahtina, Žlahtina Bijela 135
Ranfol White Plavis, Ranfol Bijela 135
Zweigelt red - 123
Refosco? red - 122
Garnacha Tinta red - 103
Cabernet Franc red - 95
Cardinal red - 91
Tribidrag / Zinfandel red Crljenak Kaštelanski 65
Škrlet White Ovnek Slatki, Škrlet Tusti, Škrtec 61
Müller-Thurgau White - 60
Goldmuskateller (Moscato Giallo) White Nutmeg Zuti 59
Rkatsiteli White - 57
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White Nutmeg Bijeli 56
Kövidinka White Dinka Alba, Kevidinka 56
Victoria (1) White - 52
Bogdanusa White Bogdanjusa, Bogdanusa Bijela 48
Blue Portuguese red Portugizac Crni 42
Vugava White Bugava, Viskulja, Vugava Bijela 36
Cetinka White Blatinka, Blatka, Cetinjka 35
Zlatarica Vrgorska White Plavka, Zlatarica Bijela 19
Trnjak red Rudežuša, Trnjak Crni 15
Lasina red Krapljenica, Kutlarica 14
Rosenmuskateller red Muškat Ruža Porečki 14
Gegic White Debejan, Debljan, Gegic Bijeli 11
Kerner White Kerner Bijeli 4
Župljanka White Garganja 4
Babica red Babica Crni, Kastelanka ?
Bratkovina Bijela White Brabkovica, Mesnac ?
Dišeca Ranina White Dišeca Ranina Bijela ?
Dobričić red Čihovac, Crljenak Slatinski, Dobričić Crni ?
Drnekusa red Darnekusa, Darnekusa Mala, Darnekusa Vela ?
Duranija White Brajdenica, Duranija Bijela ?
Glavinuša red Carnjenak, Glavanjuša, Okatac ?
grk White Gark, Grk Bijeli, Grk Korculanski ?
Gustopupica Crna red Gustopup, Gustopupa, Gustopupka ?
Hrvatica red Hrvatica Crna, Jarbola, Karbonera ?
Kadarun red - ?
Kupusar red Crljenak Kupusar, Plavac Kupusar ?
Kurtelaska Bijela White Kortolaska, Kurtelasca ?
Ljutun red Ljutac, Plavac, Plavac Bedalovac ?
Malvasia di Lipari White Malvasija Dubrovačka ?
Medna White Buboj, Bumba, Medna Bijela ?
Mladinka White Mladenka ?
Ninčuša red Lincuša, Mlinčevac, Vincuša ?
Pošip Crni red - ?
Prč White Čimavica, Parč, Prč Bijeli ?
Rotgipfler White Zelenac Slatki ?
Sémillon White Semijon ?
Suscan red Brajda Velika Crna, Susac, Suscan Crni ?
Vlaška White Maraškina Velog Zrna, Prejica ?


Wine categories : In August 2009 the EU wine market regulations with fundamental changes in wine names and quality levels became valid for all member countries. There are the following new names and quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ):

ZOZP (Zaštićena Oznaka Zemljopisnog Podrijetla)
A country wine with a protected geographical indication.

ZOI (Zaštićena Oznaka Izvornosti)
A quality wine with a protected designation of origin.

Prädikatswein / Predikatno Vino

Special wine names / types

  • Arhivsko Vino = archive wine (longer maturation in barrel and bottle)
  • Desertno Vino = sweet wine
  • Istrian Quality (IQ, reference to basic qualities of Istrian wines)
  • KZP (Kontroliranim Zemljopisnim Podrijetlom) = controlled geographical origin
  • Mlado Vino = young wine
  • Opolo = Rose
  • Pjenušca = sparkling wine
  • Sortno Vino = varietal wine
  • Vrhunsko Vino = top wine, high quality wine

Map: From UN Cartographic Section, public domain, link
Vineyards: By Danilo Tic - originally posted to Flickr as Vineyards , CC BY-SA 2.0 , Link

In the wine guide you will find
currently 134 146 Wines and 22 975 Producers, including 1 452 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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