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The country has a very old wine culture, because along the Dalmatian Adriatic coast the Illyrians had already 1000 BC. Chr. Viticulture operated. The Greeks founded from 600 BC Some colonies. The writing "The Feast of the Scholars" dates from this time and reports on the winemaking in the colony of Issa (today's island of Vis). A wine from here was even considered the best of that time ancient wines considered. The roman emperor Probus (232-282) promoted viticulture in the third century AD and the Slavs who settled here in the seventh century continued to cultivate it. After settling in Dalmatia, the Croatians developed viticulture alongside olive growing and fishing as an important branch of the economy. Around 1000 AD the Republic conquered Venice the regions of Dalmatia and parts of Istria and retained rule for over 300 years.
From the beginning of the 12th century, a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary emerged. In 1232 was founded by Cistercian monks founded a wine cellar in Kutjevo that still exists today. In the middle of the 15th century, Hungary and Croatia suffered severe loss of territory due to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. After many battles against the Ottomans, much of Croatia came under the administration of the Habsburgs in the 18th century. As a result, there was a mutual influence of viticulture. The privileged import of Italian wines at the end of the 19th century made viticulture difficult. After the Second World War, Croatia became a republic Yugoslavia and in 1991 independently as "Republika Hrvatska".
In 2012, the vineyards covered 29,000 hectares of vineyards, of which 1.293 million hectoliters of wine were produced. The area under vines has decreased by half in just 12 years since 2000. Well-known producers are Enjini Ivan, Katunar, Frano Milos, Grgich Miljenko (cellar master of Grgich Hills in Napa Valley), Milos Frano, Krauthaker Vlado, Skaramuca, Zdjelarevic, Zlatan Otok (Zlatan Plenkovic). There are two distinct wine regions. These are divided into sub-regions and these into cultivation areas. Northern continental Croatia (Continental Hrvatska) extends from Slovenia in the west to the border Serbia in the East. The climate here is continental. The region consists of the seven subregions Moslavina, Plesivica, Podunavlje ( Danube ), Pokuplje (Kupa), Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonija (Slavonia) and Zagorje-Medjimurje. Two thirds of white wines are produced here.
The Croatian coastal region (Primorska Hrvatska) in the south is best known for Dalmatia, where the vineyards stretch from Rijeka to Dubrovnik. The Mediterranean climate prevails here. The region is divided into five sub-regions, namely Dalmatinska Zagora (Dalmatian hinterland), Hrvatsko Primorje (coastal area with many islands such as Hvar, Korčula, Krk, Lastovo and Vis), Istra (Istria), Sjeverna Dalmacija (North Dalmatia) and Srednja / Juzna Dalmacija (Central and South Dalmatia). Red wines in particular grow here, and are among the best-known Croatian brand wines Dingac. Faros. Peljesac. postup. Prošek and Teran, The Blend 2010 illustrates that many autochthonous Varieties are grown:
Wine categories : In August 2009 the EU wine market regulations with fundamental changes in wine names and quality levels became valid for all member countries. There are the following new names and quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ):