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Hungary

7 growing regions

Description to Hungary

Hungary has a very old viticulture culture, because wines from Sopron and Eger were already known in the 13th century. The Greeks led the viticulture in Hungary from the southeast the Danube and its tributary Tisza up and the Romans from the west across the Pannonian plain to Lake Balaton. In spite of Huns, Vandals, Goths, Tatars and Ottomans over many centuries, wine was always grown in this area. Even the Ottomans, who occupied most of the country for about 160 years, repressed despite alcohol ban Viticulture did not like to pay taxes, but development was hampered during this period. According to a rather legendary tradition Kaiser should Charlemagne (742-814) had been so enthusiastic about the "Awarenwein" that he had some vines brought to Germany.

By the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490), who in his last five years of life in Wien (Austria) resided, is the statement handed down, "that the whole people should have wine and the wine growers are to be respected highly". In the Middle Ages, as in almost all other countries, the Catholic Church also played a major role in the spread of viticulture and wine culture in Hungary. Decisively associated with the wine history of Hungary is the famous Tokaj, After Phylloxera disaster and during the two world wars people relocated to the production of mass wines, Since the political upheavals of the year 1989 and a reestablishment of the viticulture federation it went however with the viticulture up again steeply upwards.

It has a Central European, continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The latitude corresponds to the French Burgundy, which yields aromatic white wines. Around 2,000 hours of sunshine per year also benefit the production of red wines. The Danube, which flows from north to south, divides the land into two large halves. With the Wine Law of 1997, 22 wine regions were defined. To the west is Transdanubia , which borders on Austria. Slovenia and Croatia in the west to the Danube. In the center is the Balaton (Lake Balaton), the largest lake in Central Europe with 591 km². Together with Lake Neusiedl and the Danube a positive climatic influence on viticulture is exercised. Transdanubia consists of four wine-growing regions with 15 vineyards:

Lake Balaton

Észak Dunantul (Northern Transdanubia)

Pannonian

Sopron

In the southeast between the Danube and the Tisza lies the large Pannonian lowland with sandy, steppe-like soil, called in the Hungarian Alföld . The vineyards exert a strengthening influence on the soil. In summer, crops are often endangered drought and in the winter frost, The Duna region has three vineyards:

Duna (Danube)

The Northern Massif lies to the north in the foothills of the Mátra Mountains near the border with the Slovakia, The two regions with their vineyards:

Eger (Erlau)

Tokaj

With almost 70% of its production, Hungary is predominantly a white wine country, although the red wine variety Kékfrankos ( Blaufränkisch ) clearly dominates. The Tokajersorte Furmint ranks after the Olasz Rizling (Welschriesling) only in third place. In 2012, the vineyards covered 52,000 hectares, which since 2000 means more than a halving (at that time it was 126,000 hectares). Of these, 1.818 million hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). The Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine variety Synonyms / Hungarian name colour hectare
Kékfrankos red 7998
Olasz Rizling White 4664
Furmint - White 4165
Cserszegi Füszeres - White 3609
Bianca Egri Csillagok 40 White 2922
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 2863
Chardonnay - White 2757
Müller-Thurgau Rizlingszilváni White 2098
Zweigelt - red 2050
Merlot - red 1907
Chasselas Chasselas Piros, Fehér Chasselas, Saszla White 1892
Zala Gyöngye - White 1755
Hárslevelü - White 1659
Pinot Gris Szürkebarát White 1624
Green Valtellina Zöld Veltelini White 1533
Cabernet Franc - red 1352
Riesling Rajnai Rizling White 1304
Muscat Ottonel Ottonel Muskotály White 1232
Blue Portuguese Kék Oportó, Kék Portugizi red 1216
Kunleány - White 1211
Arany Sárfehér Izsáki Sárfehér White 1133
Pinot Noir Kék Burgundi, Kisburgundi red 1091
Irsai Olivér - White 1090
Ezerjó Budai Fehér White 1074
Kövidinka Ruzsitza White 1020
Sauvignon Blanc - White 907
Királyleányka - White 855
Leányka - White 838
Gewurztraminer / Traminer Füszeres Tramini, Piros Tramini / Tramini White 772
Aletta Egri Csillagok 18 White 723
Muscat Blanc / muscatel Muskotály White 709
zenith - White 559
kadarka Kék Kadarka red 532
Blauburger - red 435
Ezerfürtü Kecskemét 5 White 377
Lakhegyi Mézes - White 306
Zengö Badachon, Zengo White 264
Pinot Blanc Fehér Burgundi White 237
Jubilee 75 Jubilejne 75, Kecskemét 11, Miklostelep 11 White 194
Villard Blanc - White 192
Viktoria Gyöngye - White 190
Juhfark - White 186
Syrah - red 177
Turán Agria red 175
Medina Egri Csillagok 7, Medea red 151
Bíborkadarka Bíbor Kadarka red 136
Zéta Oremus White 118
Generosa Kecskemét 15 White 103
Pölöskei Muskotaly - White 103
Csaba Gyöngye - White 89
Mátrai Muskotály - White 67
Menoir formerly Kékmedoc or Médoc Noir red 65
Duna Gyöngye - red 63
Carat Kecskemét 6 White 50
Sémillon - White 50
Nero - red 50
Zefír zephyr White 49
Kéknyelü - White 43
Grasă de Cotnari Kövérszölö White 37
- rotß 36
Zeusz Zeus White 28
Gyöngyrizling - White 23
Csillám - White 20
Zierfandler Cirfandli White 20
Rubintos Cirfandli red 18
Pannon Frankos - red 16
Kunbarat - White 9
Budai Zöld - White 6
Palatine - White 6
regent - red 3
Csókaszölö - red 2
Mézes Fehér - White 2
Nosztori Rizling - White 1
Taltos - White 1
Krisztaly - White ?
Magyar Frankos - red ?
Pannonia - red ?
Szirén Kecskemét 30 White ?


The information on the label are mostly short and sweet. The place name with the ending "i" (which corresponds to the German "he") is usually added to the grape variety, for example Soproni Kékfrankos (Blaufränkischer from Sopron).

Wine categories : In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ):

  • Boron (formerly Asztali Bor or ) = Wine
  • OFJ = Tájbor resp. country wine
  • OEM = Minöségi Bor / Különleges Minöségi Bor quality wine / Prädikatswein
  • OEM DHC (Districtus Hungaricus Controllatus) with levels DHC-Classicus and DHC-Premium

OFJ (Oltalom alatt álló Földrajzi Jelzés Bor) :
There are 13 rural wine areas marked by a blue and yellow seal on the label.

OEM (Oltalom alatt álló Eredetmegjelölésü Bor) :
There are 33 quality wine areas marked by an orange-red seal on the label. The first DHC area was Villány in 2006; then followed Eger, Tihany, Somló and Izsák.

Prädikatsweine

Special wine names / types

  • Fehérbor = white wine, Vörösbor = red wine, Rozé = rosé, Pezsgö = sparkling wine
  • száraz = dry, félszáraz = semi-dry, édes = sweet, félédes = semisweet
  • Barrique Érlelésü Bor = wine matured in oak barrels
  • Bikavér logo CNRS logo INIST bull's blood (only PDO Eger and Szekszárd )
  • FN (Földrajzi Jelzés Nélküli Bor) Wine without geographical indication
  • FNF (Földrajzi Jelzés Nélküli Fajtabor) varietal wine without geographical indication
  • Muzeális Bor = wine with at least 5 years bottle maturity
  • Siller = bright red wine
  • Újbor or Fiatal Bor = new wine or young wine
In the wine guide you will find
currently 125 397 Wines and 22 936 Producers, including 1 260 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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