Austria

Lower Austria/Niederösterreich 12 growing regions

Description to Lower Austria/Niederösterreich

The vineyards in the province of Lower Austria occupy a total of 27,130 hectares in 2009 according to the Vineyard Survey (29,134 hectares in 1999). Lower Austria also represents a wine-growing region that is geographically divided into eight other wine-growing regions. Together with the state Burgenland it forms the largest Austrian winegrowing region , Even before the soldiers of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) Winepresses to the brought the native people pressed the so-called Markomannen wine. Viticulture was strong through the capital affected. But that was it Stift Klosterneuburg the Augustinians (1114), as well as those of the founded two Stifts Göttweig in the Krems valley in 1072 and Melk in the Wachau in 976. These were centers of spiritual and cultural life and (to this day) as strongholds of grand and exemplary wine culture.

The abbot of Melk Abbey Alexander Karl (1824-1909) let the end of the 19th century, the pen vineyards in and Gumpoldskirchen with by American plant cultivated vines to motivate skeptical winemakers against this method. Great influence had also today Dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), whose origin dates back to the 9th century. The noble family of the Liechtenstein family was founded in the 13th century. It acquired large vineyards and introduced advanced viticulture methods. For example, in 1636 a cellar order was passed, in which, among other things, the "Zuberaithung von Schwebl" (sulfur) was precisely regulated. The winery there are still today. Lower Austria is divided into eight wine-growing regions, so far in four of them typical wine profiles DAC (Districtus Austriae Controllatus). The vineyard survey 2009 yielded the following vineyards (in parenthesis the values ​​1999):

* Carnuntum - 910 ha (842 ha)
* Kamptal - 3,802 ha (3,722 ha) with Kamptal DAC
* Kremstal - 2.243 ha (2.102 ha) - with Kremstal DAC
* Thermenregion - 2,196 ha (2,118 ha)
* Traisental - 789 ha (670 ha) with Traisental DAC
* Wachau - 1,350 ha (1,326 ha) with Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus
* Wagram until 2006 2006 Donauland - 2.452 ha (2.633 ha)
* Weinviertel - 13,356 ha (15,751 ha) with Weinviertel DAC
* Vineyards outside the vineyards - 31 ha = 16 GV, 2.5 Zweigelt, rest others

The wineries are each listed among the eight wine regions. Well-known winegrower associations are: . . . . . . Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus . . and , Lower Austria supplies over 60% of Austrian wine production. There is a large variety of wines due to different climate conditions (Atlantic, continental) and soil types (gravel, sand, loess, clay and prehistoric rock). By far the largest wine-growing region Weinviertel covers more than half of the vineyards and is therefore divided into three large areas (see there). Lower Austria is a classic white wine country, accounting for around three quarters of the wine produced.

The following grape variety level is based on the vineyard survey conducted in Austria in 2009. Compared to the penultimate survey in 1999, there are some significant changes. The proportion of red varieties has increased from 21% to 26%; The already existing Austrian trend is therefore also in the white wine country of Lower Austria to bear. The varieties Chardonnay (Morillon) and Pinot Blanc were still recorded together in 1999. For some varieties, there were huge changes (see table). Total vineyard area decreased by 7% from 29,134 hectares to 27,128 hectares. The dominant grape variety is still Grüner Veltliner:

Grape Variety - Austrian
main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
colour hectare
2009
% -Ant
2009
hectare
1999
Weißgipfler White 11873 43.8 14801
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3328 12.3 2135
- red 1593 5.9 2304
White Riesling Riesling , Rhine Riesling White 1538 5.7 1326
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 1392 5.1 2133
Welschriesling - White 1346 5.0 1682
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc , Klevner White 867 3.2 ?
Blauburger - red 701 2.6 687
- White 593 2.2 868
ChardonnayMorillon - Not used in Lower Austria White 460 1.7 ?
Neuburger - White 424 1.6 632
Malvasier White 396 1.5 559
St. Laurent - red 348 1.3 218
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir , Blue Pinot Noir red 271 1.0 210
Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc White 232 0.9 42
Merlot - red 223 0.8 62
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 205 0.8 73
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 204 0.8 107
- White 192 0.7 253
Blaufränkisch - red 149 0.5 125
Rotgipfler - White 104 0.4 113
- White 89 0.3 90
TraminerGewürztraminer , Red T., Yellow T. White 87 0.3 98
Zierfandler Spätrot White 84 0.3 96
Roesler - red 84 0.3 0
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 49 0.2 60
Gray Burgundy Pinot Gris , Ruländer White 40 0.1 45
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner White 28 0.1 34
Bouvier - White 26 0.1 0
Goldburger - White 24 0.1 45
Syrah Shiraz red 24 0.1 0
- red 24 0.1 295
Cabernet Franc - red 22 0.1 8th
Rathay - red 9 - 0
Jubiläumsrebe - White 4 - 0
- red 1 - 0
and white varieties - White 87 0.3 34
and red varieties - red 6 - 1
WHITE VARIETIES 20141 74.2 22983
RED VARIETIES 6987 25.8 6151
TOTAL 27128 100 29134
Im Weinführer finden Sie
aktuell 122 281 Weine und 22 902 Erzeuger, davon 6 700 klassifizierte Erzeuger.
Rating system About Ambassador Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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