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The vineyards in the province of Lower Austria occupy a total of 27,130 hectares in 2009 according to the Vineyard Survey (29,134 hectares in 1999). Lower Austria also represents a wine-growing region that is geographically divided into eight other wine-growing regions. Together with the state Burgenland it forms the largest Austrian winegrowing region , Even before the soldiers of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) Winepresses to the brought the native people pressed the so-called Markomannen wine. Viticulture was strong through the capital affected. But that was it Stift Klosterneuburg the Augustinians (1114), as well as those of the founded two Stifts Göttweig in the Krems valley in 1072 and Melk in the Wachau in 976. These were centers of spiritual and cultural life and (to this day) as strongholds of grand and exemplary wine culture.
The abbot of Melk Abbey Alexander Karl (1824-1909) let the end of the 19th century, the pen vineyards in and Gumpoldskirchen with by American plant cultivated vines to motivate skeptical winemakers against this method. Great influence had also today Dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), whose origin dates back to the 9th century. The noble family of the Liechtenstein family was founded in the 13th century. It acquired large vineyards and introduced advanced viticulture methods. For example, in 1636 a cellar order was passed, in which, among other things, the "Zuberaithung von Schwebl" (sulfur) was precisely regulated. The winery there are still today. Lower Austria is divided into eight wine-growing regions, so far in four of them typical wine profiles DAC (Districtus Austriae Controllatus). The vineyard survey 2009 yielded the following vineyards (in parenthesis the values 1999):
The wineries are each listed among the eight wine regions. Well-known winegrower associations are: . . . . . . Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus . . and , Lower Austria supplies over 60% of Austrian wine production. There is a large variety of wines due to different climate conditions (Atlantic, continental) and soil types (gravel, sand, loess, clay and prehistoric rock). By far the largest wine-growing region Weinviertel covers more than half of the vineyards and is therefore divided into three large areas (see there). Lower Austria is a classic white wine country, accounting for around three quarters of the wine produced.
The following grape variety level is based on the vineyard survey conducted in Austria in 2009. Compared to the penultimate survey in 1999, there are some significant changes. The proportion of red varieties has increased from 21% to 26%; The already existing Austrian trend is therefore also in the white wine country of Lower Austria to bear. The varieties Chardonnay (Morillon) and Pinot Blanc were still recorded together in 1999. For some varieties, there were huge changes (see table). Total vineyard area decreased by 7% from 29,134 hectares to 27,128 hectares. The dominant grape variety is still Grüner Veltliner: