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The wine-growing history of this country is connected to that of the Moselle; this river forms the border over a length of 36 kilometers Germany, The German cultivation area lies to the east on the other bank Moselle, The Romans led the entire area as early as the 1st century BC. Chr. Viticulture. In the Middle Ages, the establishment of many monasteries led to an upswing in viticulture. The vineyards were almost completely destroyed by an extremely cold winter in 1709. After a decision at the Vienna Congress in 1815, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had to cede all the vineyards on the other side of the river. From 1880 there was a big boom through a customs agreement. The sort Elbling (Back then 90% share) pressed Luxembourg wines were mostly exported to Germany as base wine for sparkling wine or as blended wine. However, this came to an end after the First World War.
In 2012 the vineyard area was over 1,000 hectares, of which 85,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. In terms of climate, the winegrowing areas are located on the northern edge of European viticulture. The vineyards are divided into around a hundred layers with a width of 300 to 400 meters over 40 kilometers along the banks of the Moselle from Schengen to Wasserbillig. They are located in the eastern cantons of Remich (with the main municipalities Remich, Schengen and Wintrange) on alluvial soils and Grevenmacher with predominant limestone soils. The limestone soils are particularly suitable for the Burgundy varieties. The cold temperatures cause longer ripening times and strongly fluctuating yields. The high yield limits are 140 hl / ha for Rivaner and Elbling, as well as 120 hl / ha for the other varieties. The acidic Elbling is mainly processed into sparkling wines or crémants. The Blend 2010:
There is the comprehensive appellation "Moselle Luxembourgeoise" and for sparkling wines made using the champagne method " Crémant de Luxembourg ". In 1935 the "Marque Nationale des Vins Luxembourgeois" was introduced. The "Marque Nationale - Appellation Contrôlée" guarantees state control of origin and quality based on a analytical and sensory testing according to a 20-point system with at least 12 points. With 14 points a wine reaches the category "Vin classé", with 16 points "Premier Cru" and with 18 points "Grand Premier Cru". The criteria introduced in 2001 for "Vendange Tardive" ( late vintage ), "Vin de Glace" ( Eiswein ) and "Vin de Paille" ( Strohwein ) are based on Oechsle degrees. The “Vins Barrique” are mostly Chardonnay wines. Mainly become unmixed Produces white wines, the grape variety is next to the community and often also on the site label noted.
In just 20 years, the number of producers has dropped from 1,200 to less than 500, as many small goods have sold their space. "Les Domaines de Vinsmoselle" is an association of six Winzergenossenschaften with 450 grape suppliers. In 1966 the "Organization Professionnelle des Vignerons Indépendants (OPVI)" was founded with around 50 independent winegrowers. The “Charter” was founded by seven winegrowers from this circle in 2007. These are committed to natural wine production with strict rules such as waiving enrich and organic fertilization, such as yield restriction with a maximum of 60 hl / ha.
In the "Fédération des Producteurs Négociants “Wineries and dealers are organized. Well-known producers are Mathis Bastian, Claude Bentz, René Bentz, Bernard-Massard, Caves Gales, Alice Hartmann, Jean Ley-Schartz, Caves St-Remy-Desom, Clos des Rochers, Clos Mon Vieux Moulin, Château de Schengen, Aly Duhr et Fils, Pundel-Hoffeld, Pundel-Sibenaler, Henri Ruppert, Krier Frères, Paul Legill, Jean Schlink-Hoffeld, Schmit-Fohl, Schram & Fils, Schumacher-Knepper, Schumacher - Lethal & Fils, Steinmetz-Jungers, Stronck-Pinnel, Sunnen-Hoffmann and Thill.