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Germany

Mittelrhein

Mittelrhein

Description to Mittelrhein

The cultivation area lies mostly in the country Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany, a small area in North Rhine-Westphalia. The vineyards cover 470 hectares of vineyards, extending from the community Oberdollendorf in Königswinter opposite Bonn to the north of Bingen partly on both banks of the eponymous middle course of the Rhine extend. In the heart of the beautiful river landscape lies the city of Koblenz. The Romans founded viticulture here after the founding of the cities Cologne (Colonia) and Bonn (Bonna). There was a heyday in the Middle Ages under the leadership of Cistercian, which built the now more than ruin existing monastery Heisterbach above Oberdollendorf. The city of Bacharach is an ancient wine trading center.

Map of the growing region Middle Rhine

In Niederlahnstein is the famous "Tavern on the Lahn". In the municipality of St. Goarshausen is the world famous 132 meter high Loreley rock. The legend from the 19th century reports that here a mermaid lured the Rhine boatmen by their lovely singing and had their boats smashed on the slate rock. The poet Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) made the world famous with the lines "I do not know what it means that I am so sad" the Loreley. She is also patron and landmark of the growing area. Annually on the first weekend of September takes place at the castle Rheinfels, municipality St. Goar on the Loreley rock the "Wine Forum Middle Rhine" and on the first Saturday in May the "Middle Rhine Wine Fair" in Bacharach-Steeg instead.

Climate and soil

The vineyards extend over 120 kilometers on both sides of the Rhine deep into the side valleys. Some of them are also on the banks of the Lahn. The landscape, overwhelmingly beautiful, with many ruins of castles, presents itself as a narrow band of vineyards, some of them terraced on the steeply rising slopes of the river. This was also taken into account by the UNESCO in 2002, the Middle Rhine Valley between Bingen-Büdesheim and Koblenz to World Heritage explained. The sheltered locations benefit from many sunny days; the Rhine acts as an excellent heat storage. The soils consist of weathered slate and greywacke, scattered loess islands and in the north of volcanic rock. More than 80% of the vineyards are steep slopes with at least 30% Tilt, the rest almost only slopes, Some like for example in the Boppard Hamm count among the steepest vineyards Germany. The elaborate processing causes the surfaces to shrink continuously. In the last 30 years this was around 40%.

Rheinschleife - communities Osterspai, Filsen and Boppard

Areas, communities and locations

The cultivation area is divided into the two areas Loreley and Siebengebirge with eleven large layers and 111 individual layers. The Loreley area is divided into the ten major locations Burg Hammerstein, Rheinfels Castle, Gedeonseck, Lahntal, Loreleyfelsen, Marksburg, Herrenberg Castle, Schönburg Castle, Stahleck Castle and Reichenstein Castle. Typical is the terrace wine. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Bacharach : tap, Heylesen Werth, Monastery Fürstental. Post. Wolfshöhle
  • Bad Hönningen : Castle Hill
  • Boppard Hamm : Engelstein. Fässerlay. Feuerlay. Mandelstein. Ohlenberg. Weingrube
  • Braubach : coupling stone
  • Damscheid : Sunstock
  • Dattenberg : Gertrudenberg
  • Ehrenbreitstein : Kreuzberg
  • Engehöll : Amber. Goldemund
  • Filsen : parish garden
  • Hammerstein : Hell, in the Layfelsen
  • Kamp-Bornhofen : Liebenstein-Sterrenberg, pilgrim's path
  • Kaub : oven, Blüchertal, Castle Gutenfels, Pfalzgrafenstein, Rauschelay, Roßstein
  • Kestert : Liebenstein-Sterrenberg
  • Koblenz : Kreuzberg, Schnorbach bridge
  • Leutesbach : Forstberg, Gartenlay, Rosenberg
  • Manubach : Langgarten, Mönchwingert, St. Oswald
  • Niederheimbach : Froher Weingarten, Reifersley, Hohneck Castle
  • Nochern : Brünnchen
  • Oberdiebach : Bischofshub, Furstenberg
  • Oberheimberg : Römerberg, sun, truth
  • Obernhof : Goetheberg
  • Oberwesel : Oelsberg. Römerkrug. St. Martinsberg
  • Osterspai : Liebeneck-Sonnenlay
  • Patersberg : Teufelstein
  • Perscheid : Rosental
  • Rheinbrohl : Monte Jup, Römerberg
  • Rhens : King Wenzel, Sonnenlay
  • Steeg : Hambusch, Lennenborn, St. Jost
  • St. Goarshausen : Katz Castle, Maus Castle, Loreley-Edel
  • Unkel : mountain, Sonnenberg
  • Urbar : Beulsberg
  • Vallendar : royal court
  • Weinähr : Giebelhöll

Bacharach Middle Rhine - Burg Stahleck - single layers post (front) and Wolfshöhle (back)

The area Siebengebirge with the Großlage Petersberg is located in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and covers about 25 hectares of vineyards. The wine-growing communities and individual layers:

  • Bad Honnef : Drachenfels
  • Bonn : Rheinaue
  • Königswinter : Drachenfels, Goldenfüßchen, Heisterberg, Laurentiusberg, Sülzenberg
  • Niederdollendorf : Goldenfüßchen, Heisterberg, Longenburgerberg
  • Oberdollendorf : Laurentiusberg, Rosenhügel, Sülzenberg
  • Rhöndorf : Drachenfels

Blend

Compared to 2009, there were no major changes. At the top with two thirds of the stock is the Riesling, followed by the Pinot Noir with just under 10%. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 308 66.2 306
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 46 9.9 40
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 23 5.0 28
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 21 4.5 13
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 17 3.7 10
Dornfelder - red 11 2.4 14
Kerner - White 8th 1.7 14
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 5 1.1 7
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 5 1.1 5
Chardonnay - White 3 0.7 1
regent - red 3 0.7 4
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 2 0.4 2
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 2 0.4 0
Bacchus - White 1 0.2 2
Cabernet Dorsa - red 1 0.2 0
dark fields - red 1 0.2 2
Ehrenfelser - White 1 0.2 1
Yellow Muscat Muscat Blanc. muscatel White 1 0.2 -
Huxelrebe - White 1 0.2 1
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 1 0.2 1
Sylvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner White 1 0.2 1
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 0 - 0
Cabernet Blanc - White 0 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 - -
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - -
Cabernet Mitos - red 0 - -
Faberrebe - White 0 - 1
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 0 - 0
Helios - White 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Deckrot - red 0 - 0
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White 0 - 0
Goldmuskateller - White 0 - -
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 0 - 0
Johanniter - White 0 - 0
Merlot - red 0 - -
Morio Muscat - White 0 - -
Muscaris - White 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 White 0 - 1
Ortega - White 0 - 1
Phoenix - White 0 - 0
Reichensteiner - White 0 - 0
Rotberger - red 0 - 0
Red Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 0 - 0
Schönburger - White 0 - 0
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 0 - 0
Solaris - White 0 - -
Souvignier Gris - White 0 - -
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - -
Würzer - White 0 - 0
Bouvier foundling White - - 0
Cabernet Sauvignon - red - - 0
Muscat Ottonel - White - - 0
Nobling - White - - 0
Osteiner - White - - 0
Précoce de Malingre Former Malingre, Malinger White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 3 0.7 0
otherwise red varieties - red 0 - 0
WHITE VARIETIES 400 85.1 389
RED VARIETIES 70 14.9 69
TOTAL 470 100 458


producers

Well-known producers are, for example Bastian Friedrich. Didinger. Dr. Kauer. Holy grave. Scorn Peter. royal Court. Lambrich Albert. Lanius Knab. Mohr and sons. Müller Matthias. Perll August. Ockenfels. Ratzenberger. Toni Jost Hahnenhof. Villa Riesling and Weingart Florian,

In the wine guide you will find
currently 133 213 Wines and 23 039 Producers, including 1 403 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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