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France

Muscat de Frontignan AOC

Muscat de Frontignan AOC

Description to Muscat de Frontignan AOC

The appellation is located in the southeast of the French winegrowing region Languedoc on the Mediterranean coast. To the east of this closes the AOC Muscat de Mireval and a little further northeast of it lies the AOC Muscat de Lunel (both with similar wine). The White sweet wine was already in 1936 as the first of the four Vin doux naturel classified as AOC. He belongs to the second quality category "Grands Vins du Languedoc". The vineyards cover around 800 hectares of vineyards on strong containing iron oxide and thereby red-colored loamy soil interspersed with limestone. They extend through the communes of Frontignan and Vic-la-Gardiole in the Département Hérault,

It is one of the oldest wine regions in France. Already Pliny the Younger (61-113) emphasized the "bee wine" in his historically significant letters. Even then, a sweet wine must have been produced, but as the inventor of the Vin doux naturel applies the famous doctor Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311). This felt by daily enjoyment by his own account many years younger. From the 17th to the 18th century, the wine was very popular in Paris and London. The English philosopher John Locke (1632-1704) praised the "Frontiniac" in 1676. At that time this was with the Constantia (South Africa) compared. Other lovers were Voltaire (1694-1778) and later US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). The locals love to tell the story of the visit of the Marquise de Lur-Saluces in Frontignan in 1700. Supposedly, he was inspired here by the enjoyment of wine on his Château d'Yquem also to produce sweet wine.

Muscat de Frontignan is considered the best of the four VDN appellations in Languedoc. For all may only the grape variety Muscat Blanc (like the wine also called Muscat de Frontignan). The wine must be at least 125 g / l residual sugar and 15% vol alcohol content respectively. There is also a Vin de liqueur where the alcohol is already before fermentation is added. He is bottled in a 1904 created special bottle with a "twisted" bottleneck. Well-known producers are Cave Favier-Bel, Domaine du Mas Rouge, CV du Muscat de Frontignan, Château de la Peyrade and Château de Stony. The other three VDN appellations are Muscat de Lunel. Muscat de Mireval and Muscat de Saint-Jean de Minervois, In the eastern adjoining winegrowing region Roussillon there are the VDN appellations Banyuls. Maury. Muscat de Rivesaltes and Rivesaltes,

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