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Germany

Pfalz 3 growing regions

Description to Pfalz

The production area is located in the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. The vineyards cover 23,554 hectares, making it the second largest German wine-growing region after Rheinhessen. Until 1995 it was called Rheinpfalz, the current name (lat. Palatium = palace) derives from the Palatines of the Holy Roman Empire, who resided in the city of Heidelberg from the 13th to the middle of the 18th century. The first evidence of viticulture can be found in Celtic graves as early as 550 BC, long before the Romans, in Laumersheim and Bad Dürkheim. After the retreat of the Romans from this area, viticulture was revived in the 7th century with the advent of the monasteries. In the 8th century more than a hundred wine-growing villages are already mentioned. In the 12th and 13th century the first vineyard names appeared in this area, some of which have been preserved in the individual vineyard names until today.

Karte vom Anbaugebiet Pfalz

Due to the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and subsequent warlike events caused by the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, there was great devastation and a decline in viticulture. Around the middle of the 19th century, there was a new flourishing at first, but due to mildew and phylloxera by the end of this century, there was a big slump again. As a countermeasure, a fruit and wine growing school was founded in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse in 1899 to advance research and systematically train the winegrowers. After an eventful history, a crisis occurred in the 1970s, from which the Palatinate recovered from the mid-1980s onwards and innovative winegrowers ensured dynamic further development, especially with high-quality Rieslings. The Palatinate extends south of Worms in a belt-shaped 80 kilometre long belt to the French border north of Alsace and from the slopes of the Palatinate Forest to the Rhine plain.

Climate and soil

The climatic conditions are ideal for wine growing. There are dry, not too hot summers and mild winters. With around 1,800 hours of sunshine per year, the Palatinate is one of the warmest German winegrowing regions with an almost Mediterranean climate. The soils along the Haardt consist entirely of mixtures of sand, loam, marl and clay. The soils along the Southern Wine Route are considered richer in nutrients and therefore heavier because of their higher clay content. In the Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse area, there are lighter soils that are more permeable to water. Calcareous soils dominate in the peripheral hilly areas.

Areas, municipalities and locations

Viniculture is practised in a total of 144 Palatinate villages, mainly in Southern and Anterior Palatinate on the western edge of the plain between the Rhine and the Palatinate Forest. Originally, the wine-growing area was divided into three parts and was divided from south to north into Ober-, Mittel- and Unterhaardt. In 1935 the German Wine Route was created as the first of its kind. It runs from Bockenheim in the north to Schweigen-Rechtenbach on the French border. Since 1969, the two Palatinate areas Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse and Südliche Weinstrasse, which are divided into a total of 25 large vineyards with 325 individual sites, have also been named after it.

The Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstraße area begins in the north at the border to Rheinhessen and extends through the Zellertal, Grünstadt and Bad Dürkheim to Neustadt an der Weinstraße. Here, light and permeable loamy sandy to sandy loamy soils predominate. Deep loess soils are mainly found on the hills and in the plains, where they are interspersed with loam and clay. The area is divided into the 16 major sites Feuerberg, Grafenstück, Hochmeß, Hofstück, Höllenpfad, Honigsäckel, Kobnert, Mariengarten, Meerspinne, Pfaffengrund, Rebstöckel, Rosenbühl, Schenkenböhl, Schnepfenflug from the Wine Route, Schnepfenflug from the Zellertal and Schwarzerde. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual sites are:

The Southern Wine Route area lies within the district of the same name and extends from the Alsatian border in the south (some areas near Weißenburg are even on French territory) to the southern edge of Neustadt/Weinstrasse. Here mainly loess and clay soils predominate. The area is divided into the nine major sites Bischofskreuz, Guttenberg, Herrlich, Liebfrauenberg Monastery, Königsgarten, Mandelhöhe, Ordensgut, Ludwigshöhe Castle and Trappenberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual sites are

  • Albersweiler: Latt
  • Alsterweiler: Chapel Mountain
  • Appenhofen: Stone teeth
  • Arzheim: Kalmit (only since 2010), Rosenberg, Seligmacher
  • Billigheim: Rosenberg, pigtail, stone teeth, Venus hump
  • Billigheim-Ingenheim: Pfaffenberg
  • Birkweiler: Chestnut bush, Almond mountain, Rosenberg
  • Burrweiler: Altenforst, Schäwer, castle garden (Im goldenen Jost), St. Annaberg
  • Edenkoben: Bergel, Blücherhöhe, Heidegarten, Heilig Kreuz, Kastaniengarten, Kirchberg, Klostergarten, Mühlberg, Schwarzer Letten
  • Edesheim: Forest, almond slope, rose garden, castle
  • Eschbach: Hares
  • Essingen: Osterberg, Rossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Flemings: Men's hump, bird jump, Zechpeter
  • Frankweiler: Biengarten, lime pit
  • Freinsheim: Goldberg, Musikantenbuckel, Oschelskopf, Black Cross
  • Gleisweiler: Hell
  • Gocklings: Kaiserberg
  • Godramstein: Mint mountain
  • Hainfeld: Chapel, Church piece, Latvians
  • Hochstadt: Red Mountain
  • Ilbesheim near Landau: Kalmit (only since 2010), Rittersberg, Sonnenberg
  • Insheim: Shepherd's garden
  • Kirrweiler: Mandelberg, upper castle, Roman road
  • Klingenmünster: Mary Magdalene
  • Knöringen: Hohenrain
  • Landau: Altes Löhl, Herrenberg, Höhe, Kaiserberg, Kirchenstück, Münzberg, Mütterle, Pfaffenberg
  • Leinsweiler: Sonnenberg
  • May chamber: Heiligenberg, Immengarten, Kapellenberg, church piece
  • Mühlhofen: Rosenberg
  • Niederhorbach: Silver Mountain
  • Nußdorf: Herrenberg, Kaiserberg, church piece
  • Rhodt below Rietburg: monastery path, rose garden, castle hill
  • Rohrbach: Almond Trail
  • Roschbach: Rosary
  • Silence: Sonnenberg (Kammerberg, Raedling, St. Paul, Strohlenberg in Alsace)
  • Siebeldingen: In the sunshine (with ganshorn), Mönchspfad, Rosenberg
  • St. Martin: Baron, Kirchberg
  • Venningen: Doctor
  • Walsheim: Silver Mountain
  • Weyher in the Palatinate: Michelsberg
  • Wollmesheim: Mütterle

List of vine varieties

The undisputed leader is still the Riesling with a quarter of the vineyard area. As in the other growing regions, the proportion of Burgundy varieties has risen sharply; the biggest climbers are Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
german Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 5.865 24,9 5.546
Dornfelder - red 2.902 12,3 3.138
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 1.875 8,0 2.298
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinotgris white 1.716 7,3 1.070
Pinot Noir
inclusive velvet red
Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone Samtrot
red 1.683 7,2 1.582
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 1.343 5,7 2.092
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 1.303 4,5 913
Kerner - white 765 3,3 1.105
Chardonnay - white 760 3,2 489
Silvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner white 576 2,5 825
Regent - red 535 2,3 632
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 528 2,2 224
Red traminer Traminer / Gewürztraminer white 481 2,0 353
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 335 1,4 408
Merlot - red 328 1,4 225
Saint Laurent Saint Laurent red 283 1,2 301
Cabernet sauvignon - red 206 0,9 153
Morio Muscat Morio white 189 0,8 260
Ortega - white 165 0,7 212
Yellow Muscatel Muscat Plate / Muscat Blanc white 134 0,6 61
Milling vine Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 134 0,6 159
Dark fields - red 126 0,5 178
Huxelrebe - white 119 0,5 180
Bacchus - white 107 0,5 139
Acolone - red 106 0,5 115
Cabernet dorsa - red 93 0,4 79
Cabernet blanc white 90 0,4 -
Auxerrois Lesser Heunisch white 79 0,3 61
Cabernet Mitos - red 75 0,3 79
Herald's vine - white 64 0,3 94
Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 53 0,2 62
Cabernet franc - red 40 0,2 6
Syrah Shiraz red 37 0,2 13
Rieslaner - white 36 0,2 39
Limberger/Lemberger , Blue Limberger red 43 0,2 39
Solaris - white 35 0,2 9
Cabernet Cubin - red 32 0,1 32
Winning vine - white 31 0,1 32
Gold Muscat - white 23 0,1 -
Faberrebe - white 20 0,1 47
Cabernet dorio - red 11 0,1 12
Ehrenfelser - white 11 0,1 28
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 11 0,1 3
Johanniter - white 11 0,1 8
Pinotine - red 10 - -
Viognier - white 10 - -
Dakapo - red 9 - 11
Muscaris - white 9 - -
Phoenix - white 8 - 9
Tempranillo - red 8 - -
- white 7 - 10
Albalonga - white 6 - 5
Kernel - white 5 - 4
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 5 - 4
Dominatrix - red 4 - 7
Cabertin - red 4 - -
Red Muscatel Muscatel white 4 - -
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3 - 3
Reichensteiner - white 3 - 8
Souvignier Gris - white 3 - -
Cabernet cortis - red 2 - 0
Jewel - white 2 - 2
Nutmeg Trollinger red 2 - 1
Saphira - white 2 - -
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 2 - 4
Cover Red - red 1 - 1
Hibernal - white 1 - -
Optima Optima 113 white 1 - 3
Palas - red 1 - 1
Bead - white 1 - 2
Schönburger - white 1 - 2
White chasselas Chasselas, Gutedel white 1 - 0
Seasoning - white 1 - 3
Blue Silvaner - white 0 - -
Cabernet carbon - red 0 - -
Cabernet carol - red 0 - -
Helpensteiner - red 0 - 0
Hölder - white 0 - 1
Malmsey Early Red Veltliner, Former Red white 0 - 0
Nobling - white 0 - 1
Piroso - red 0 - -
Prior - red 0 - -
Rondo - white 0 - 0
Red elk Elbling white 0 - 0
Staufer - white 0 - 1
Villaris - white 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger white 0 - -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - white - - 0
Teinturier du Cher red - - 0
Helpensteiner - red - - 0
Mariensteiner - white - - 1
Orion - white - - 0
Précoce de Malingre Formerly Malingre, Malinger white - - 0
Principal - white - - 0
Sprinklers - white - - 0
Silcher - white - - 0
Sirius - white - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - white 49 0,2 57
otherwise. red varieties - red 33 0,1 22
WHITE TYPES 15.382 65,3 14.425
RED VARIETIES 8.172 34,7 9.042
TOTAL 23.554 100 23.467


Producers

There are more than 20 winegrowers' cooperatives, some of which have very small member companies, which cultivate around a fifth of the vineyard area. One well-known winegrowers' association is Forum Pfalz. Well known producers are Acham-Magin, Ackermann Frank, Aloisiushof, Andres Jürgen & Armin, Argus Peter, Bärenhof, Bassermann-Jordan, Becker Friedrich, Benderhof, Benzinger, Bergdolt-Reif and Nett, Bergdolt St. Lamprecht, Bernhart, Bietighöfer, Biffar Josef, Bohnenstiel, Borell-Diehl, Braun Fritz, Brenneis-Koch, Castel Peter, Christmann Arnold, Corbet, Darting Helmut, Diehl Andreas, Doppler-Hertel, Dr. Bürklin-Wolf, Dr. Wehrheim, Ehrhart, Emil Bauer & Söhne, Erlenwein, Eymann Rainer, Fader Kastanienhof, Feitig-Richter, Fitz-Ritter, Forster Winzerverein, Fork Oliver & Wolfgang, Galler Ansgar, Gaul Karl-Heinz, Gaul-Triebel, Gebrüder Bart, Privy Councillor J. Wegeler Erben, Gies-Düppel, Gnägy, Gut Zumstein, Hagenbuch Lothar, Hanewald-Schwerdt, Heinz Bus & Sohn, Henninger IV, Henninger Walter, Herrenhof Schmitzer, Jesuitenhof, Jülg Werner, Karst Ernst, Kassner-Simon, Kaub Karl-Heinz, Kimich, Klein Gerhard, Knipser, Koch Bernhard, Koehler-Ruprecht, Kranz Boris, Krauß Harald, Krebs Harald,

Kuhn Philipp, Langenwalter, Leiner Bruno, Lergenmüller, Lorentz, Lucashof, Margarethenhof, Meier - Weingut in Weyher, Mesel, Meßmer Herbert, Meyer Frank, Meyer Stefan, Minges Theo, Mosbacher Georg, Möwes, Müller-Catoir, Müller Eugen, Münzberg, Naegele Georg, Neiss Axel, Odinstal, Ohler Johann, Ökonomierat Rebholz, Petri, Pfaffmann Karl, Pfaffmann Wolfgang, Pfeffingen, Rebenhof Leiner, Reichsrat von Buhl, Reinhardt Stefan, Rings, Sandwiese, Sauer Heiner, Schaefer Karl, Scheu Klaus, Schlossgut Janson, Schmitt Egon, Schneider Eugen, Schneiderfritz, Scholler Helmut, Schumacher, Seeber Winfried, Siben, Siegrist, Siener Peter, SieneR - Wettstein, Spindler Heinrich, Stachel Erich, St. Annaberg, Stern Wolfgang and Dominic, Stübinger Peter, Studier, Villa Wolf, Wachtenburg Winemakers, Wageck-Pfaffmann, Waldkirch, Walter Fritz, Weegmüller, Wegner Joachim, Weik Bernd, Weingut am Nil, Weingut von Winning, Wilhelmshof, Winzergenossenschaft Herxheim am Berg, Wolf Michael, Zelt Mario, Zeter Oliver, Ziegler August and Zöller Hermann.

In the wine guide you will find
currently 137 979 Wines and 22 859 Producers, including 1 482 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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