Pfalz 3 growing regions

Description to Pfalz

The growing area with 23,467 hectares of vineyards in the state Rheinland-Pfalz is after Rheinhessen the second largest Germany, Until the year 1995 it was called Rheinpfalz. The present name (Latin Palatium = palace) is derived from the Counts Palatine of the Holy Roman Empire, in the city Heidelberg from the 13th to the middle of the 18th century resided. First signs of viticulture exist long before the Romans in Celtic Graves already 550 BC Chr., Which were found in Laumersheim and Bad Dürkheim. After the withdrawal of the Romans from this area, viticulture was revived in the 7th century with the advent of the monasteries. In the 8th century more than a hundred wine-growing villages are mentioned.

In the 12th and 13th century, the first vineyard names appeared in this area, some of which have survived to this day in the single-layer names. As in the other German wine-growing regions, the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and subsequent warlike events caused by the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation led to great devastation and a decline in viticulture. By the mid-19th century, there was first a new bloom, but by mildew and phylloxera By the end of this century again a big slump. As a countermeasure, a fruit and viticulture school was founded in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse in 1899 to promote research and systematically train winemakers.

After an eventful history, a crisis emerged in the 1970s, from which the Palatinate recovered again in the mid-1980s, and innovative winegrowers ensured dynamic development, especially with high-quality Rieslings. The Palatinate extends south of Worms belt-shaped in 80 kilometers to the French border north of the Alsace and from the slopes of the Palatinate Forest to the Rhine valley, The climatic conditions for viticulture are almost ideal. There are dry, not too hot summers and mild winters. With around 1,800 hours of sunshine per year, the Palatinate is one of the warmest German growing areas. The soils consist of red sandstone, calcareous loam and clay soils, marl, keuper, shell limestone, granite, porphyry and shale clay islands. The marginal hills are dominated by calcareous soils.

Around 3,600 winegrowing businesses, less than half of them in the main business, cultivate more than a hundred million vines, From the year 2005 the new origin and quality designation became DC Palatinate introduced. In 1935 the German wine route created as the first of its kind. It leads from Bockenheim in the north to Schweigen-Rechtenbach on the French border. After her, the two areas Mittelhaardt-German Wine Route and Southern Wine Route are named, which are divided into a total of 25 major locations with 325 individual layers.

Map of the cultivation area Pfalz

The area Mittelhaardt-German Wine Route begins in the north on the border with Rheinhessen and extends over the Zellertal, Grünstadt and Bad Dürkheim to Neustadt an der Weinstraße. Here are more likely to be lighter and permeable loamy sandy to sandy loamy soil. Deep soils of loess are predominantly found on the hills and in the plain, where they are interspersed with clay and clay. The area is divided into the 16 major locations Feuerberg, Countess, Hochmeß, Hofstück, Höllenpfad, honey sack, Kobnert, Mariengarten, Meerspinne, Pfaffengrund, Rebstöckel, Rosenbühl, Schenkenböhl, Schnepfenflug from the wine route, Schnepfenflug vom Zellertal and Schwarzerde. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

The southern wine route lies within the district of the same name and extends from the Alsatian border in the south (individual areas are even in French territory at Weißenburg) to the southern edge of Neustadt / Weinstraße. Here mainly loess and loamy soil dominate. The area is divided into nine major locations Bishop's Cross, Guttenberg, Herrlich, monastery Liebfrauenberg, King's Garden, Mandelhöhe, Ordensgut, Castle Ludwigshöhe and Trappenberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Albersweiler : Latt
  • Alsterweiler : Kapellenberg
  • Appenhofen : stone bite
  • Arzheim : Kalmit (only since 2010), Rosenberg, Blessed Makers
  • Billigheim : Rosenberg, Sauschwänzel, stone bite, Venusbuckel
  • Billigheim-Ingenheim : Pfaffenberg
  • Birkweiler : Kastanienbusch. Mandelberg. Rosenberg
  • Burrweiler : Altenforst, Schäwer, Schlossgarten (In the Golden Jost), St. Annaberg
  • Edenkoben : Bergel, Blücherhöhe, Heidegarten, Heilig Kreuz, Kastaniengarten, Kirchberg, Klostergarten, Mühlberg, Schwarzer Letten
  • Edesheim : Forst, almond slope, rose garden, castle
  • Eschbach : rabbits
  • Essingen : Osterberg, Rossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Flemlingen : men's hump, bird's jump, pecker
  • Frankweiler : Biengarten, Kalkgrube
  • Freinsheim : Goldberg, Musikantenbuckel, Oschelskopf, Black Cross
  • Gleisweiler : hell
  • Göcklingen : Kaiserberg
  • Godram stone : Münzberg
  • Hainfeld : Chapel, church piece, Latvians
  • Hochstadt : Red Mountain
  • Ilbesheim near Landau : Kalmit (only since 2010), Rittersberg, Sonnenberg
  • Home : Schäfergarten
  • Kirrweiler : Mandelberg, Oberschloss, Römerweg
  • Klingenmünster : Maria Magdalena
  • Knöringen : Hohenrain
  • Landau : Altes Löhl, Herrenberg, height, Kaiserberg, church piece, Münzberg, Mütterle, Pfaffenberg
  • Leinsweiler : Sonnenberg
  • Maikammer : Heiligenberg, Immengarten, Kapellenberg, church piece
  • Mühlhofen : Rosenberg
  • Niederhorbach : Silberberg
  • Nußdorf : Herrenberg, Kaiserberg, Kirchenstück
  • Rhodt unter Rietburg : Klosterpfad, Rosengarten, Schlossberg
  • Rohrbach : almond path
  • Roschbach : rosary beads
  • Silence : Sonnenberg (Kammerberg, Raedling, St. Paul, Strohlenberg in Alsace)
  • Siebeldingen : In the sunshine (with Gannet Ganshorn), Mönchspfad, Rosenberg
  • St. Martin : Baron, Kirchberg
  • Venningen : Doctor
  • Walsheim : Silberberg
  • Weyher in the Palatinate : Michelsberg
  • Wollmesheim : Mütterle

There are over 20 Winzergenossenschaften with partly very small member farms, which manage about one-fifth of the vineyard area. A well-known winegrower association is Barrique Forum Palatinate, Well-known producers are Acham-Magin. Ackermann Frank. Aloisiushof. Andres Jürgen & Armin. Argus Peter. Bärenhof. Bassermann-Jordan. Becker Friedrich. Benderhof. Benzinger. Bergdolt-Reif and Nice. Bergdolt St. Lamprecht. Bernhart. Bietighöfer. Biffar Josef. Bohnenstiel. Borell-Diehl. Braun Fritz. Brenneis Cook. Castel Peter. Christmann Arnold. Corbet. Darting Helmut. Diehl Andreas. Doppler Hertel. Dr. Bürklin-Wolf. Dr. Wehrheim. Ehrhart. Emil Bauer & sons. Erlenwein. Eymann Rainer. Fader Kastanienhof. Feitig Judge. Fitz-Ritter. Forster winegrower association. Fork Oliver & Wolfgang. Galler Ansgar. Gaul Karl-Heinz. Gaul-Triebel. Brothers Bart. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. Gies chaff. Gnägy. Good Zumstein. Hagenbuch Lothar. Hanewald-Schwerdt. Heinz Bus & Son. Henninger IV. Henninger Walter. Herrenhof Schmitzer. Jesuitenhof. Jiirg Werner. Karst Ernst. Kassner-Simon. Kaub Karl-Heinz. Kimich. Little Gerhard. clippers. Chef Bernhard. Koehler-Ruprecht. Wreath Boris. Krauss Harald. Cancer Harald. Kuhn Philip. Walter Lange. Leiner Bruno. Lergenmüller. Lorentz. Lucashof. Margarethenhof. Meier - Winery in Weyher. Mesel. Messmer Herbert. Meyer Frank. Meyer Stefan. Minghe's Theo. Mosbacher Georg. Möwes. Müller-Catoir. Müller Eugen. Münzberg. Naegele Georg. Neiss Axel. Odinstal. Ohler Johann. Economist Rebholz. Petri. Pfaffmann Karl. Pfaffmann Wolfgang. pfeffingen. Rebenhof Leiner. Reichsrat von Buhl. Reinhardt Stefan. around. Sandwiese. Sauer Heiner. Schaefer Karl. Shy Klaus. Castle estate Janson. Schmitt Egon. Tailor Eugen. Schneider Fritz. Scholler Helmut. Schumacher. Seeber Winfried. Siben. Siegrist. Siener Peter. SieneR - Wettstein. Spindler Henry. Sting Erich. St. Annaberg. Star Wolfgang and Dominic. Stübinger Peter. Studier. Villa Wolf. Wachtenburg winemaker. Wageck-Pfaffmann. Waldkirch. Walter Fritz. Weegmüller. Wegner Joachim. Weik Bernd. Winery on the Nile. Winery of Winning. Wilhelmshof. Winzergenossenschaft Herxheim am Berg. Wolf Michael. Tent Mario. Zeter Oliver. Ziegler August and Zoller Hermann,

In the last ten years, the variety level has changed dramatically. The proportion of red varieties has increased from 31% to almost 40%, which is in the nationwide trend. The Riesling is still the undisputed leader with almost a quarter of the reef. In the second place, the red wine variety Dornfelder has advanced, which has increased its stock by 40%. Strong climbers were also Ruländer (Pinot Gris) and Sauvignon Blanc with a doubling of the stock. The white wine varieties Müller-Thurgau (but still in third place), Kerner and a few others declined sharply new varieties, Grape Variety Level 2009 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
% -
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 5546 23.6
Dornfelder - red 3138 13.4
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 2298 9.8
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 2092 8.9
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 1582 6.7
Kerner - White 1105 4.7
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris White 1070 4.6
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 913 3.9
Sylvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner White 825 3.5
regent - red 632 2.7
Chardonnay - White 489 2.1
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 408 1.7
Red traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 353 1.5
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 301 1.3
Morio Muscat Morio White 260 1.1
Merlot - red 225 1.0
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 224 1.0
Ortega - White 212 0.9
Huxelrebe - White 180 0.8
dark fields - red 178 0.8
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 159 0.7
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 153 0.7
Bacchus - White 139 0.6
Acolon - red 115 0.5
Heroldrebe - White 94 0.4
Cabernet Dorsa - red 79 0.3
Cabernet Mitos - red 79 0.3
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 62 0.3
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 61 0.3
Yellow Muscat
Red Muscat
muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 61
Faberrebe - White 47 0.2
Rieslaner - White 39 0.2
Limberger / Lemberger , Blue Limberger red 39 0.2
Cabernet Cubin - red 32 0.1
Siegerrebe - White 32 0.1
Ehrenfelser - White 28 0.1
Syrah Shiraz red 13 0.1
Cabernet Dorio - red 12 0.1
Dakapo - red 11 0.1
- White 10 -
Phoenix - White 9 -
Solaris - White 9 -
Johanniter - White 8th -
Reichensteiner - White 8th -
Domina - red 7 -
Cabernet Franc - red 6 -
Albalonga - White 5 -
Kernling - White 4 -
Muscat Ottonel - White 4 -
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 4 -
Optima Optima 113 White 3 -
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 3 -
Würzer - White 3 -
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3 -
Red Chasselas
White Gassedel
Chasselas, Gutedel White 0
jewel - White 2 -
pearl - White 2 -
Schönburger - White 2 -
Deckrot - red 1 -
Hoelder - White 1 -
Marie Steiner - White 1 -
Muskat-Trollinger Trollinger nutmeg red 1 -
Nobling - White 1 -
Palas - red 1 -
Staufer - White 1 -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White 0 -
Red Elbling
White Elbling
Elbling, Kleinberger White 0
Teinturier du Cher red 0 -
Helfensteiner - red 0 -
Précoce de Malingre Early Malingre, Malinger White 0 -
malmseyFrühroter Veltliner, Formerly red White 0 -
Orion - White 0 -
principal - White 0 -
Regner - White 0 -
rondo - White 0 -
Helfensteiner - red 0 -
Silcher - White 0 -
Sirius - White 0 -
otherwise. white varieties - White 57 0.2
otherwise red varieties - red 22 0.1
TOTAL 23467 100

In the wine guide you will find
currently 129 938 Wines and 23 093 Producers, including 1 287 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples


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