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Germany

Pfalz 3 growing regions

Description to Pfalz

The cultivation area lies in the federal state Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany, The vineyards cover 23,554 hectares of vineyards, this is after Rheinhessen the second largest German wine-growing region. Until the year 1995, it was called Rheinpfalz, the present name (Latin Palatium = palace) is derived from the Counts Palatine of the Holy Roman Empire, in the city Heidelberg from the 13th to the middle of the 18th century resided. First signs of viticulture exist long before the Romans in Celtic Graves already 550 BC Chr., Which were found in Laumersheim and Bad Dürkheim. After the withdrawal of the Romans from this area, viticulture was revived in the 7th century with the advent of the monasteries. In the 8th century more than a hundred wine-growing villages are mentioned. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the first vineyard names appeared in this area, some of which have been preserved in the single-layer names to this day.

Map of the cultivation area Pfalz

Through the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and subsequent warlike events by reformation and counter-reformation there was great devastation and a decline of viticulture. By the mid-19th century, there was first a new bloom, but by mildew and phylloxera By the end of this century again a big slump. As a countermeasure, a fruit and wine school was founded in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse in 1899 to promote research and systematically educate winemakers. After an eventful history, a crisis emerged in the 1970s, from which the Palatinate recovered again in the mid-1980s, and innovative winemakers provided dynamic growth with high-quality Rieslings in particular. The Palatinate extends belt-shaped south of Worms in 80 kilometers to the French border north of the Alsace and from the slopes of the Palatinate Forest to the Rhine valley,

Climate and soil

The climatic conditions for viticulture are almost ideal. There are dry, not too hot summers and mild winters. With around 1,800 hours of sunshine per year, the Palatinate is one of the warmest German growing regions with almost Mediterranean climate, The soils on the Haardt consist entirely of mixtures of sand, clay, marl and clay. The soils on the Southern Wine Route are considered to be more nutritious because of their higher content of loam and therefore heavier. In the area Mittelhaardt-German Wine Route there are lighter and more permeable to the water soils. At the edge hill zones limestone soils dominate.

Areas, communities and locations

Viticulture is operated in a total of 144 Palatinate villages, especially in the southern and front Palatinate on the western edge of the plain between the Rhine and the Palatinate Forest. Originally, the wine-growing area was divided into three and divided from south to north in Upper, Middle and Unterhaardt. In 1935 the German wine route created as the first of its kind. It leads from Bockenheim in the north to Schweigen-Rechtenbach on the French border. After her since 1969, the two Palatine areas Mittelhaardt-German Wine Route and Southern Wine Route are named, which are divided into a total of 25 major locations with 325 individual layers.

The area Mittelhaardt-German Wine Route begins in the north on the border with Rheinhessen and extends over the Zellertal, Grünstadt and Bad Dürkheim to Neustadt an der Weinstraße. Here are more likely to be lighter and permeable loamy sandy to sandy loamy soil. Deep soils of loess are mainly found on the hills and in the plain, where they are interspersed with loam and clay. The area is divided into the 16 major locations Feuerberg, Countess, Hochmeß, Hofstück, Höllenpfad, honey sack, Kobnert, Mariengarten, Meerspinne, Pfaffengrund, Rebstöckel, Rosenbühl, Schenkenböhl, Schnepfenflug from the wine route, Schnepfenflug vom Zellertal and Schwarzerde. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

The southern wine route lies within the district of the same name and extends from the Alsatian border in the south (individual areas are even in French territory at Weißenburg) to the southern edge of Neustadt / Weinstraße. Here mainly loess and loam soils prevail. The area is divided into nine major locations Bishop's Cross, Guttenberg, Herrlich, monastery Liebfrauenberg, King's Garden, Mandelhöhe, Ordensgut, Castle Ludwigshöhe and Trappenberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Albersweiler : Latt
  • Alsterweiler : Kapellenberg
  • Appenhofen : stone bite
  • Arzheim : Kalmit (only since 2010), Rosenberg, Blessed Makers
  • Billigheim : Rosenberg, Sauschwänzel, stone bite, Venusbuckel
  • Billigheim-Ingenheim : Pfaffenberg
  • Birkweiler : Kastanienbusch. Mandelberg. Rosenberg
  • Burrweiler : Altenforst, Schäwer, Schlossgarten (In the Golden Jost), St. Annaberg
  • Edenkoben : Bergel, Blücherhöhe, Heidegarten, Heilig Kreuz, Kastaniengarten, Kirchberg, Klostergarten, Mühlberg, Schwarzer Letten
  • Edesheim : Forst, almond slope, rose garden, castle
  • Eschbach : rabbits
  • Essingen : Osterberg, Rossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Flemlingen : men's hump, bird's jump, pecker
  • Frankweiler : Biengarten, Kalkgrube
  • Freinsheim : Goldberg, Musikantenbuckel, Oschelskopf, Black Cross
  • Gleisweiler : hell
  • Göcklingen : Kaiserberg
  • Godram stone : Münzberg
  • Hainfeld : chapel, church piece, Latvians
  • Hochstadt : Red Mountain
  • Ilbesheim near Landau : Kalmit (only since 2010), Rittersberg, Sonnenberg
  • Home : Schäfergarten
  • Kirrweiler : Mandelberg, Oberschloss, Römerweg
  • Klingenmünster : Maria Magdalena
  • Knöringen : Hohenrain
  • Landau : Altes Löhl, Herrenberg, height, Kaiserberg, church piece, Münzberg, Mütterle, Pfaffenberg
  • Leinsweiler : Sonnenberg
  • Maikammer : Heiligenberg, Immengarten, Kapellenberg, church piece
  • Mühlhofen : Rosenberg
  • Niederhorbach : Silberberg
  • Nußdorf : Herrenberg, Kaiserberg, Kirchenstück
  • Rhodt unter Rietburg : Klosterpfad, Rosengarten, Schlossberg
  • Rohrbach : almond path
  • Roschbach : rosary
  • Silence : Sonnenberg (Kammerberg, Raedling, St. Paul, Strohlenberg in Alsace)
  • Siebeldingen : In the sunshine (with Gannet Ganshorn), Mönchspfad, Rosenberg
  • St. Martin : Baron, Kirchberg
  • Venningen : Doctor
  • Walsheim : Silberberg
  • Weyher in the Palatinate : Michelsberg
  • Wollmesheim : Mütterle

Blend

At the top is still undisputed Riesling with a quarter of the vineyard. As in the other growing areas, the proportion of Burgundy varieties has risen sharply; the biggest climbers are Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 5865 24.9 5546
Dornfelder - red 2902 12.3 3138
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 1875 8.0 2298
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 1716 7.3 1070
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 1683 7.2 1582
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 1343 5.7 2092
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 1303 4.5 913
Kerner - White 765 3.3 1105
Chardonnay - White 760 3.2 489
Sylvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner White 576 2.5 825
regent - red 535 2.3 632
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 528 2.2 224
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 481 2.0 353
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 335 1.4 408
Merlot - red 328 1.4 225
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 283 1.2 301
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 206 0.9 153
Morio Muscat Morio White 189 0.8 260
Ortega - White 165 0.7 212
Yellow Muscat muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 134 0.6 61
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 134 0.6 159
dark fields - red 126 0.5 178
Huxelrebe - White 119 0.5 180
Bacchus - White 107 0.5 139
Acolon - red 106 0.5 115
Cabernet Dorsa - red 93 0.4 79
Cabernet Blanc White 90 0.4 -
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 79 0.3 61
Cabernet Mitos - red 75 0.3 79
Heroldrebe - White 64 0.3 94
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 53 0.2 62
Cabernet Franc - red 40 0.2 6
Syrah Shiraz red 37 0.2 13
Rieslaner - White 36 0.2 39
Limberger / Lemberger , Blue Limberger red 43 0.2 39
Solaris - White 35 0.2 9
Cabernet Cubin - red 32 0.1 32
Siegerrebe - White 31 0.1 32
Goldmuskateller - White 23 0.1 -
Faberrebe - White 20 0.1 47
Cabernet Dorio - red 11 0.1 12
Ehrenfelser - White 11 0.1 28
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 11 0.1 3
Johanniter - White 11 0.1 8th
Pinotin - red 10 - -
Viognier - White 10 - -
Dakapo - red 9 - 11
Muscaris - White 9 - -
Phoenix - White 8th - 9
Tempranillo - red 8th - -
- White 7 - 10
Albalonga - White 6 - 5
Kernling - White 5 - 4
Muscat Ottonel - White 5 - 4
Domina - red 4 - 7
Cabertin - red 4 - -
Red Muscat muscatel White 4 - -
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3 - 3
Reichensteiner - White 3 - 8th
Souvignier Gris - White 3 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 2 - 0
jewel - White 2 - 2
Muskat-Trollinger red 2 - 1
Saphira - White 2 - -
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 2 - 4
Deckrot - red 1 - 1
hibernal - White 1 - -
Optima Optima 113 White 1 - 3
Palas - red 1 - 1
pearl - White 1 - 2
Schönburger - White 1 - 2
White Gassedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 1 - 0
Würzer - White 1 - 3
Blue Silvaner - White 0 - -
Cabernet Carbon - red 0 - -
Cabernet Carol - red 0 - -
Helfensteiner - red 0 - 0
Hoelder - White 0 - 1
malmseyFrühroter Veltliner, Formerly red White 0 - 0
Nobling - White 0 - 1
Piroso - red 0 - -
prior - red 0 - -
rondo - White 0 - 0
Red Elbling Elbling White 0 - 0
Staufer - White 0 - 1
Villaris - White 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 0 - -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White - - 0
Teinturier du Cher red - - 0
Helfensteiner - red - - 0
Marie Steiner - White - - 1
Orion - White - - 0
Précoce de Malingre Former Malingre, Malinger White - - 0
principal - White - - 0
Regner - White - - 0
Silcher - White - - 0
Sirius - White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 49 0.2 57
otherwise red varieties - red 33 0.1 22
WHITE VARIETIES 15382 65.3 14425
RED VARIETIES 8172 34.7 9042
TOTAL 23554 100 23467


producers

There are over 20 Winzergenossenschaften with partly very small member farms, which cultivate about a fifth of the vineyard area. A well-known winegrower association is Forum Pfalz, Well-known producers are Acham-Magin. Ackermann Frank. Aloisiushof. Andres Jürgen & Armin. Argus Peter. Bärenhof. Bassermann-Jordan. Becker Friedrich. Benderhof. Benzinger. Bergdolt-Reif and Nice. Bergdolt St. Lamprecht. Bernhart. Bietighöfer. Biffar Josef. Bohnenstiel. Borell-Diehl. Braun Fritz. Brenneis Cook. Castel Peter. Christmann Arnold. Corbet. Darting Helmut. Diehl Andreas. Doppler Hertel. Dr. Bürklin-Wolf. Dr. Wehrheim. Ehrhart. Emil Bauer & sons. Erlenwein. Eymann Rainer. Fader Kastanienhof. Feitig Judge. Fitz-Ritter. Forster winegrower association. Fork Oliver & Wolfgang. Galler Ansgar. Gaul Karl-Heinz. Gaul-Triebel. Brothers Bart. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. Gies chaff. Gnägy. Good Zumstein. Hagenbuch Lothar. Hanewald-Schwerdt. Heinz Bus & Son. Henninger IV. Henninger Walter. Herrenhof Schmitzer. Jesuitenhof. Jiirg Werner. Karst Ernst. Kassner-Simon. Kaub Karl-Heinz. Kimich. Little Gerhard. clippers. Chef Bernhard. Koehler-Ruprecht. Wreath Boris. Krauss Harald. Cancer Harald.

Kuhn Philip. Walter Lange. Leiner Bruno. Lergenmüller. Lorentz. Lucashof. Margarethenhof. Meier - Winery in Weyher. Mesel. Messmer Herbert. Meyer Frank. Meyer Stefan. Minghe's Theo. Mosbacher Georg. Möwes. Müller-Catoir. Müller Eugen. Münzberg. Naegele Georg. Neiss Axel. Odinstal. Ohler Johann. Economist Rebholz. Petri. Pfaffmann Karl. Pfaffmann Wolfgang. pfeffingen. Rebenhof Leiner. Reichsrat of Buhl. Reinhardt Stefan. around. Sandwiese. Sauer Heiner. Schaefer Karl. Shy Klaus. Castle estate Janson. Schmitt Egon. Schneider Eugen. Schneider Fritz. Scholler Helmut. Schumacher. Seeber Winfried. Siben. Siegrist. Siener Peter. SieneR - Wettstein. Spindler Henry. Sting Erich. St. Annaberg. Star Wolfgang and Dominic. Stübinger Peter. Studier. Villa Wolf. Wachtenburg winegrower. Wageck-Pfaffmann. Waldkirch. Walter Fritz. Weegmüller. Wegner Joachim. Weik Bernd. Winery on the Nile. Winery of Winning. Wilhelmshof. Winzergenossenschaft Herxheim am Berg. Wolf Michael. Tent Mario. Zeter Oliver. Ziegler August and Zoller Hermann,

In the wine guide you will find
currently 132 770 Wines and 23 076 Producers, including 1 394 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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