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Portugal

16 growing regions

Description to Portugal

Brought in antiquity Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans vines on the Iberian Peninsula. Viticulture stagnated under the long Moorish rule from the 8th to the 12th centuries, but came despite the alcohol ban not to stop. As in many other countries, they influenced Cistercian viticulture was crucial, in the 12th century they founded more than 100 monasteries. King Dinis (1279-1325) promoted agriculture and viticulture on such a large scale that with the income a merchant fleet was built and thus the basis for the rise to world power was created. He was therefore given the nickname "Rei lavrador" (King of the Peasants). From independence in 1385, a lively wine trade developed along with it England,

The most famous and best known wine in Portugal is undisputedly the port wine, Its great triumphal march began when the Methuen Treaty Treaty between England and Portugal was completed. This provided for large tariff reductions for the import of Portuguese wines. Already in 1756 by the famous Prime Minister Marques de Pombal (1699-1782) arranged, precise demarcations for the Douro region established. This counts alongside Chianti among the very first origin controlled Areas. This played a special role in the port wine trade in 1790 postage opened Factory house, in which the British factors negotiated and concluded their business with each other.

Throughout the 19th century mildew and phylloxera destroyed most of the vineyards in Portugal. It was not rebuilt until 1930. After the dictatorship ended in 1974, the switch from production to cheaper began mass wines on quality products. Due to the climate, the country is ideal for viticulture, because the wine-growing northern part of Portugal has plenty precipitation and long, beautiful summers. The floors are largely made of granite and slate. Viticulture is an extremely important economic factor in Portugal, because around 15% of the population lives on it. In 2012, 6.32 million hectoliters of wine were produced from 233,000 hectares of vineyards. 30% white wines and 70% rosé and red wines are produced. Dessert wines are one of the most famous Portuguese wines Madeira and port wine, such as Vinho Verde, However, the rosé wine created in 1942 Mateus from the company founded in the same year Sogrape and similar products like Lancers by the company Fonseca with around 40% of the Portuguese export volume has outstripped this for some time.

With over 50%, Portugal is the world's largest producer of cork, about half of them come from the province Alentejo, Another specialty are the countless indigenous vines. In the "land of 500 indigenous grape varieties", these were previously largely called Mixed sentence grown. The often identical names or synonyms cause confusion, but are caused by DNA analysis more and more origins clarified. It was only in the 1980s that, mainly due to EU regulations regarding quality wines, the creation of vine-free vineyards began. Many of the largely predominant indigenous grape varieties (some with different names) are also found in the adjacent one Spain, With one exception (Syrah), there is no international variety in the top 20 in the table. The Blend 2010:

vine colour Synonyms or name in Portugal hectare
Tempranillo red Aragonez, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Santiago 16706
Touriga Franca red formerly Touriga Francesa 11582
Castelão Francês red Castelao, Joao Santarem 11086
Touriga Nacional red Carabuñera, Mortagua, Touriga Fina 10175
Fernão Pires White Maria Gomes, Molinha 9376
Trincadeira Preta red Tinta Amarela, Trincadeira 9246
Síria White Códega, Crato Branco, Roupeiro 7145
Tinta Barroca red Boca de Mina, Tinta Barocca 5939
Arinto White Arinto de Bucelas, Pedernã 4446
Rufete red Rifete, Rufeta, Tinta Pinheira 4183
Baga red Baga de Louro, Moreto 4108
Marufo red Brujidera, Mourisco 4008
Syrah red - 3501
Loureiro White Branco Redondos, Loureira, Marques 3469
Alicante Henri Bouschet red - 3322
Trousseau Noir red Bastardinho, Bastardo 3149
Palomino White Listrão, Malvasia Rei, Palomino Fino 3033
Malvasia Fina White Arinto do Dao, Assario, Boal, Gual 2930
Vinhão red Sousão, Espadeiro Basto 2482
Mencia red Jaen, Jaen du Dão, Loureiro Tinto 2454
Alvarinho White Albariño, Azal Blanco 1989
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 1671
Tinta Carvalha red Preto Gordo, Tinta Carvalha du Douro 1311
Rabigato White Preto Gordo, Tinta Carvalha du Douro 1273
Antão Vaz White Antonio Vaz 1252
Caladoc red - 1197
Vital White Boal Bonifacio, Malvasia Corada 1182
Alfrocheiro red Albarín Negro, Tinta Bastardinha 1180
Trajadura White Treixadura (Spain), Trajadura Branca 1171
Diagalves White Carnal, Dependura, Diego Alves 1156
Azal Branco White Azal, Azal da Lixa, Carvalha 1072
Damaschino White Alicante Branco 1037
Malvasia Preta red Moreto, Mureto, Pinheira Roxa 1003
Bical White Bical de Bairrada, Borrado das Moscas 924
Rabo de Ovelha White Rabigato, Rabo de Ovelha de Cola Res 908
Moreto do Alentejo red Moreto, Morito 900
Chardonnay White - 803
Merlot red - 772
Santarena red Santareno 739
Avesso White Bornal, Bornão, Borracal Branco 685
Seara Nova White - 681
Negramoll red Mollar, Saborinho, Tinta de Madeira 676
Muscat d'Alexandrie White - 647
Côdega de Larinho White Côdega do Larinho 629
Gouveio Real White - 582

Wine categories : In August 2009 the EU wine market regulations with fundamental changes in wine names and quality levels became valid for all member countries. There are the following new names and quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ). The traditional terms Vinho Regional and DOC are still possible as an alternative:

Vinho : Wines without a narrow designation of origin. This lowest quality level is mostly blends from different growing areas.

IGP or IG (Indicação Geográfica Protegida) or Vinho Regional :
A country wine with a protected geographical indication. The regulations contain certain criteria such as B. grape variety (85% must come from the area) and alcohol content, but offer relatively large scope. There are 14 country wine areas; see the list below.

IPR (Indicacão de Proveniencia Regulamentada) :
The previous pre-DOC stage was abandoned in 2011.

DOP (Denominação de Origem Protegida) or DOC (Denominacão de origem controlada):
A quality wine with a protected designation of origin. There are grape varieties, minimum maturation times in barrels and bottles, minimum values for alcohol content. acid and total extract (Dry extract), as well colour and Aroma required. Before marketing, one must sensory and analytical testing respectively. There are around 30 quality wine areas; see the list below.

Other names : There are names for the age or maturation of a wine Verde (green, no aging), Maduro (old or aged in barrel), Reserva (Red wines three years old, one in bottle, white wine one year, six months in bottle), garrafeira (like Reserva and higher alcohol content) and Velho (Red wine three, white wine two years old).

The candy grades listed on the label are seco = dry, meio seco = semi-dry, meio doce = semi-sweet, doce (also adamado, suave) = sweet.

The following is a list of the IGP and DOP areas alphabetically according to the Portuguese regions (well-known wineries are listed there):

Alentejo

Algarve

Azores

  • biscoitos
  • Graciosa
  • Pico

Beiras

Douro

Estremadura

Madeira

Península de Setúbal - formerly Terras do Sado (IGP)

Ribatejo

  • Tejo - formerly Ribatejana (IGP)

Tras-os-Montes

Vinho Verde

In the wine guide you will find
currently 135 738 Wines and 22 897 Producers, including 1 528 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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