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Portugal

15 growing regions

Description to Portugal

In ancient times brought Phoenicians, Greeks and Roman vines on the Iberian Peninsula. Under the long Moorish rule from the 8th to the 12th century, although the viticulture stagnated, came despite the alcohol ban not to stop. As in many other countries, they influenced Cistercian viticulture decisively, in the 12th century they founded more than 100 monasteries. King Dinis (1279-1325) promoted agriculture and wine-growing to such a great extent that with the proceeds a merchant fleet was built and thus the basis for the rise to world power was created. He was therefore nicknamed "Rei lavrador" (King of the peasants). From independence in 1385, developed a busy wine trade with England,

The most famous and famous wine in Portugal is undisputed port wine, Its great triumph began when in 1703 the Methuen Treaty Contract between England and Portugal. This provided for large tariff reductions for imports of Portuguese wines. Already in 1756 were by the famous Prime Minister Marquês de Pombal (1699-1782) arranged, precise demarcations for the Douro region established. This therefore counts beside Chianti the very first origin controlled Areas. A special role in port wine trading played in 1790 in postage opened Factory House in which British factors negotiated and concluded deals among themselves.

In the 19th century were through mildew and phylloxera most of Portugal's vineyards are destroyed. Only from 1930 it came to a reconstruction. After the end of the dictatorship in 1974, the transition from production began cheaper mass wines on quality products. Due to the climate, the land is ideal for viticulture, because the viniferous northern part of Portugal has plenty precipitation and long, nice summers. The floors are mostly granite and slate. Viticulture is an extremely important economic factor in Portugal, with around 15% of the population living on it. In 2012, were produced by 233,000 hectares of 6.32 million hectoliters of wine. To 30% white wines and 70% rosé and red wines are produced. Among the best known Portuguese wines are probably the dessert wines Madeira and port wine, as Vinho Verde, However, the rose wine created in 1942 Mateus from the company founded in the same year Sogrape and similar products like Lancers by the company Fonseca With 40% of the Portuguese export volume, this has already run out of time for a long time.

At over 50%, Portugal is the world's largest producer of cork Of which about half come from the province Alentejo, Another special feature are the countless native vines. In the "land of the 500 autochthonous grape varieties" these were formerly largely as Mixed set grown. The often same names or synonyms cause confusion, but be through DNA analysis more and more descent clarified. It was not until the 1980s, mainly due to EU provisions regarding quality wines began to create varietal vineyards. Many of the predominantly native grape varieties are there (partly with other names) in the adjacent Spain, Among the first 20 in the table, there is no international variety with a single exception (Syrah). Of the Blend 2010:

vine colour Synonyms or name in Portugal hectare
Tempranillo red Aragonez, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Santiago 16706
Touriga Franca red formerly Touriga Francesa 11582
Castelão Francês red Castelão, João Santarém 11086
Touriga Nacional red Carabuñera, Mortagua, Touriga Fina 10175
Fernão Pires White Maria Gomes, Molinha 9376
Trincadeira Preta red Tinta Amarela, Trincadeira 9246
Síria White Códega, Crato Branco, Roupeiro 7145
Tinta Barroca red Boca de Mina, Tinta Barocca 5939
Arinto White Arinto de Bucelas, Pedernã 4446
Rufete red Rifete, Rufeta, Tinta Pinheira 4183
Baga red Baga de Louro, Moreto 4108
Marufo red Brujidera, Mourisco 4008
Syrah red - 3501
Loureiro White Branco Redondos, Loureira, Marqués 3469
Alicante Henri Bouschet red - 3322
Trousseau Noir red Bastardinho, Bastardo 3149
Palomino White Listrão, Malvasia Rei, Palomino Fino 3033
Malvasia Fina White Arinto do Dão, Assario, Boal, Gual 2930
Vinhão red Sousão, Espadeiro Basto 2482
Mencia red Jaen, Jaen du Dão, Loureiro Tinto 2454
Alvarinho White Albariño, Azal Blanco 1989
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 1671
Tinta Carvalha red Preto Gordo, Tinta Carvalha du Douro 1311
Rabigato White Preto Gordo, Tinta Carvalha du Douro 1273
Antao Vaz White Antonio Vaz 1252
Caladoc red - 1197
Vital White Boal Bonifacio, Malvasia Corada 1182
Alfrocheiro red Albarín Negro, Tinta Bastardinha 1180
Trajadura White Treixadura (Spain), Trajadura Branca 1171
Diagalves White Carnal, Dependura, Diego Alves 1156
Azal Branco White Azal, Azal da Lixa, Carvalha 1072
Damaschino White Alicante Branco 1037
Malvasia preta red Moreto, Mureto, Pinheira Roxa 1003
Bical White Bical de Bairrada, Borrado das Moscas 924
Rabo de Ovelha White Rabigato, Rabo de Ovela de Cola Res 908
Moreto do Alentejo red Moreto, Morito 900
Chardonnay White - 803
Merlot red - 772
Santarena red Santareno 739
Avesso White Bornal, Bornão, Borracal Branco 685
Seara Nova White - 681
Negramoll red Mollar, Saborinho, Tinta de Madeira 676
Muscat d'Alexandrie White - 647
Côdega de Larinho White Côdega do Larinho 629
Gouveio Real White - 582

Wine categories : In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ). The traditional terms Vinho Regional and DOC are still possible alternatively:

Vinho : Wines without a denomination of origin. This lowest quality level is mostly blends from different growing areas.

IGP or IG (Indicação Geográfica Protegida) or Vinho Regional :
A country wine with protected geographical indication. The regulations contain certain criteria such as: Grape variety (85% must come from the area) and alcohol content, but offer relatively large scope. There are 14 rural wine areas; see the list below.

IPR (Indicacao de Proveniencia Regulamentada) :
The former DOC precursor was abandoned in 2011.

DOP (Denominação de Origem Protegida) or DOC (Denominacão de Origem Controlada):
A quality wine with a protected designation of origin. There are grape varieties, minimum maturation times in barrels and bottle, minimum values ​​for alcohol content. acid and total extract (Dry extract), as well colour and Aroma required. Before the marketing must have a sensory and analytical test respectively. There are around 30 quality wine areas; see the list below.

Other names : For the age or maturation of a wine, there are the names Verde (green, no aging), Maduro (old or aged in barrel), Reserva (Reds three years old, one in bottle, one white wine one year, of which six months in bottle), garrafeira (like Reserva and higher alcohol content) and Velho (Red wine three, white wine two years old).

The sweetness levels given on the label are seco = dry, meio seco = semi-dry, meio doce = semisweet, doce (also adamado, suave) = sweet.

The following is a list of IGP and DOP areas in alphabetical order of the Portuguese regions (well-known wineries are listed there):

Alentejo

Algarve

Azores

  • biscoitos
  • Graciosa
  • Pico

Beiras

Douro

Estremadura

Madeira

Península de Setúbal - formerly Terras do Sado (IGP)

Ribatejo

  • Tejo - formerly Ribatejana (IGP)

Tras-os-Montes

Vinho Verde

In the wine guide you will find
currently 123 745 Wines and 22 917 Producers, including 6 731 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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