Description to Rheingau

The German Cultivation area covers 3,062 hectares of vineyards. The vineyards are located on Untermain east of Wiesbaden and extend for about 50 kilometers along the right bank of the Rhine to Lorch north of Rüdesheim. The broad flow causes a uniform temperature profile and amplifies the sunlight like a mirror. In addition, it promotes noble rot through autumn rising fog. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) left near the present castle Johannisberg supposedly create the first vineyard. In addition, the late harvest should have been "invented" here, which is due to the story of the Spätlesereiter is announced. Especially in the Rheingau the Catholic orders of the Benedictine and the Cistercian Extensively made for the viticulture and these possessed also extensive possessions at vineyards.

Rhine in the Rheingau

On the still existing ones Cabinet-Keller the famous Cistercian monastery Eberbach goes the quality label back. From this monastery was also the endeavor, the red grape varieties mainly by the Riesling to replace. The first written mention of this variety dates from 1435 in Rüsselheim. The VDP-Rheingau organizes one annually here auction for charitable purposes, as well as organizes the Glorious Rheingau days, The place Hochheim has become synonymous with German Rhine wines, from the place name is the usual name in England Hock emerged. In Geisenheim was founded in 1872 significant for German viticulture research institute for viticulture, fruit and horticulture. In the Rheingau existed for three years after the First World War, a curious Free State bottleneck,

Map of the Rheingau region
The vineyards consist predominantly of sunny southern slopes. The beautiful wine route "Rheingau Riesling Route" runs along the right bank of Lorch to Hochheim. The Rheingau exists (since 1971) from the only area Johannisberg with eleven major locations and 123 individual layers. Quartz and slate soils in the higher elevations as well as loam, loess and clay soils in the valley are ideal basis for racy and spicy white wines. Phyllite schist around Assmannshausen but also offers optimal conditions for red wines. Well protected from the wind by the Taunus mountain range, there are mild winters and warm summers. From the year 1999, the name was First crop introduced with wines from first class classified layers (see under VDP classification ). Many of the individual layers extend over several communities. However, name parity is not always the same situation. The viticulture communities with their individual layers:

Rheingau - Ruedesheim

Well-known producers are Albus. Allendorf. old church. Baron Knyphausen. Barth Norbert. Bausch Hans. Becker Hans-Josef. Bibo & Runge. Episcopal vineyard Rüdesheim. Bott Michael. Breuer Georg. Breuer Stefan. Brothers Eser. Chat Sauvage. Daniel Holger. Diefenhardt's winery. Domdechant Werner'sches winery. Dr. Corvers-cautery. Dr. Heinrich Nägler. Erbslöh. Eser August. FB Schönleber. Flick Joachim. Baron Langwerth von Simmern. Freimuth Alexander. Prince Lowenstein. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. George. Georg Müller Foundation. Goziewski Jörn. Count of Kanitz. Hans Lang - Urban businessman. Hessian state vineyards. Heaven Emmerich. Hirschmann Christoph. HJ Ernst. Johanninger. Johannishof Eser. Young Jacob. Kesseler. Klosterweingut Abbey St. Hildegard. King Robert. Crown. Bold Peter Jakob. Artist Gunter. Lamb-Jung. Laquai Paul. Leitz Johannes. GH from Mumm. Nikolai Heinz. Oetinger. Prince Fred. Prince of Hesse. Querbach. Ress Balthazar. Rothenbach Fritz. Rotkäppchen-Mumm. Rüdesheim sparkling wine Ohlig. Castle Johannisberg. Castle Reinhartshausen. Castle Schönborn. Schloss Vollrads. Solter. Spreader Andreas & Bernd. Strieth Thilo. Toni Jost Hahnenhof. Trenz Michael. Vaux. Because Robert. Wilhelm Mohr heirs and Winegrower of Erbach,

The Rebsortenspiegel has hardly changed in the last ten years, in contrast to the other German growing areas. The two dominant grape varieties are the Riesling with almost 80% and the Pinot Noir with 12%. All other varieties make up the remaining 8%. The status 2009 (0 = less than 0.5 ha,? = Value unknown or confidential for statistical-legal reasons):

German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
% -
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 2420 79.1
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir red 368 12.0
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 47 1.5
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 20 0.7
Dornfelder - red 18 0.6
Kerner - White 16 0.5
dark fields - red 12 0.4
Chardonnay - White 11 0.4
Ehrenfelser - White 10 0.3
Blue SilvanerSylvaner White 9 0.3
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 7 0.2
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 7 0.2
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 7 0.2
Dakapo - red 6 0.2
Rotberger - red 6 0.2
Merlot - red 4 0.1
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 3 0.1
Reichensteiner - White 3 0.1
Cabernet Mitos - red 2 0.1
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 2 0.1
Albalonga - White 1 -
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 1 -
Bacchus - White 1 -
Domina - red 1 -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White 1 -
Red Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 1 -
Johanniter - White 1 -
Rieslaner - White 1 -
Acolon - red 0 -
Cabernet Dorio - red 0 -
Cabernet Dorsa - red 0 -
Deckrot - red 0 -
Huxelrebe - White 0 -
malmseyFrühroter Veltliner, Formerly red White 0 -
Optima Optima 113 White 0 -
Osteiner - White 0 -
Phoenix - White 0 -
Schönburger - White 0 -
Syrah Shiraz White 0 -
Teinturier du Cher red ? -
Hegel - red ? -
Heroldrebe - red ? -
rondo - red ? -
otherwise. white varieties - White 59 1.9
otherwise red varieties red 16 0.5
TOTAL 3062 100

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