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Romania

10 growing regions

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Description to Romania

With its 6,000 years of wine history, Romania is one of the oldest wine-growing countries in Europe. Already the Greek poet Homer mentioned in the 8th century in his Iliad the Thracian wines and the historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) tells of the wine trade of the Greek colonists on the Black Sea coast. German settlers from Saxony revived winegrowing in Transylvania in the 12th century, and in the 18th century these were those of Maria Theresa (1717-1780) Swabians brought into the country. The historical landscape Bessarabia, where there has also been 5,000 years of viticulture, was inhabited at the beginning of the 19th century mainly by Romanians. This today too Moldova counting area belonged in the period 1917-1940 to Romania.

In the 1960s, many new vineyards were created. In the communist era, of course, production was state-owned. As a result of the political upheaval, a wave of privatization began in 1990 with many micro-owners. The leading production companies have joined forces in a private export sales company. The vineyards in 2012 covered 192,000 hectares of vineyards with falling tendency (in 2000 there were 253,000 hectares). Of these, 3.311 million hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). Around three quarters are made up of white wines, and a quarter on red wines. Romania also has a significant production for table grapes; the main varieties used for this are Afus Ali. Chasselas. Muscat d'Hamburg. Italia and Victoria, The Blend in 2010:

vine

colour

Synonyms or Romanian name

hectare

Fetească Albă w Dievcie Hrozno 12916
Fetească Regală r Danasana 12,905
Merlot r - 10988
w Graševina, Italian Riesling 7530
Aligoté w - 7297
Sauvignon Blanc w - 4157
Cabernet Sauvignon r - 3718
Muscat Ottonel w Tamîioasa Ottonel 3641
Băbească Neagră r Rara Neagră 3042
Pamid r Roşioar 2930
Fetească Neagră r Coada Runtunicii 1719
Pinot Gris w - 1301
Pinot Noir r - 1089
Chardonnay w - 1067
Muscat Blanc / muscatel w Tamîioasa Româneascâ 840
r Burgundy Mare 760
Grasă de Cotnari w Grasă, Grasă Mare 640
Frâncuşă w Frâncuşe, Frîncuşă 621
Cramposie w Cramposie Selectionata, Crimposie S. 409
Galbenă de Odobesti w - 385
Gewurztraminer / Traminer w Rusa, Traminine Roz 385
Rkatsiteli w - 356
Băbească Gris w Băbească Gri 328
Iordan w Zemoasa 315
Busuioacă de Bohotin w Busuioacă Neagra, Tamâioasa de Bohotin 268
Sarba w - 265
Mustoasă de Măderat w - 255
Plavay (? - ev. Plavec Zuti ) w - 149
Zghihara de Husi w Sghigardă Galbenă, Zghihara Galbenă 87
Slankamenka w Majarca Alba 55
kadarka r Cadarca, Cadarca Neagra 47
Neuburger w - 46
Novac r - 42
Slankamenka Rosie r Majarca Rosie 27
Codana r - 24
Columna w - 24
Hárslevelü w - 20
Negru de Drăgăşani r - 6
Bătută Neagră r Frâncuşă Niagră 3
Bagrina w Braghinâ, Braghină de Drăgăşani ?

What Hungary the famous Tokaj, is the rather similar type of wine for Romania Cotnari, This famous wine was forgotten, now it is being revived. Romania is at the same geographical latitude as France. The continental climate with balanced rainfall, warm summers and long, dry autumns makes it ideal for viticulture. The regions and wine-growing areas:

Banat : The region is located in the southwest of the country on the border with Serbia and Hungary, The winegrowing areas are Buzias-Silagiu, Dealul-Tirolului, Minis (known for its red wines from Cadarca and Cabernet Sauvignon), Moldova-Noua, Recas, Severinului and Teremia-Mare (known for its whites from Welschriesling).

Crisana and Maramures : The two regions are located in the northwest on the border Hungary, The winegrowing areas are Diosig, Simleul-Silvaniei and Valea lui Mihai.

Dobrogea (Dobrogea): The region is located in the southeast on the Black Sea and is in the west by the Danube (Dunarea) limited. The winegrowing areas are Istria Babadag, Murfatlar, Ostrov and Sarica-Niculitel. In the sunniest climate of Romania with low rainfall here grow soft red and luscious white wines.

Moldova : The largest region, with one-third of the vineyard area, is located on the eastern border of the Carpathians in the east of the country Moldova and to Ukraine, The winegrowing areas are Bujor, Cotesti, Cotnari, Covurlui, Dealul Bujorului, Husi, Iasi, Ivesti, Nicoresti, Odobesti, Panciu (known for its sparkling wines), Tutova and Zeletin.

Muntenia (Great Wallachia): The region with the capital Bucharest is located in the south in the Southern Carpathians. The winegrowing areas are Dealurile Buzaului, Dealul Mare, Pietroasele, and Samburesti Stefanesti, Here you will find the highest average temperatures in Romania. The hill country is known today mainly for its red wines from international varieties. At USSR times these were preferably expanded sweet.

Oltenia (Small Wallachia): The region is located in the southwest of the country. The winegrowing areas are Corcova, Crusetu, Dealurile-Craiovei, Drăgăşani, Drincea, Plaiurile-Drincei, Sadova-Corabia, Segarcea and Targu-jiu. Here are excellent red wines from Fetească Neagră and Cabernet Sauvignon pressed. The German winery Reh Kendermann acquired here in 2001, 350 hectares of vineyards and founded the "Carl Reh Winery".

Transilvania (Transylvania): The region in the center is especially known for its white wines. Here were introduced by the German immigrants many own grape varieties. The winegrowing areas are Alba Iulia, Bistrita-Nasaud, Lechinta, Sebes-Apold and Tarnave,

Wine categories : In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ):

IG = Indicaţie Geografică or Vin de Regiune : The existing alcohol content must be at least 9.5% (at growing zone B) or 10.0% vol (viticulture zones CI and CII). The total alcoholic strength should not exceed 15% vol. There are about 50 rural vineyards, whose names are mostly identical to the political district or region.

DOC = Denumire de Origine Controlată : quality wines produced in controlled areas ancestry, Prescribed Quality wine-grape varieties, The potential alcohol content must be at least 11.5%, the existing at least 10% vol.

DOCC = Denumire de Origine Controlată si trepte de Calitate : This is analogous to a predicate wine. Each type of minimum must weight is prescribed. The codes refer to the degree of ripeness or proportion of noble rotten grapes; the second "C" refers to "Cules" (vintage):

  • CMD (Cules la Maturitate Deplină) logo CNRS logo INIST
  • CT (Cules Târziu) = late vintage
  • CS (Cules Selectionat) = choice
  • CMI (Cules la Maturitate de Innobilare) logo CNRS logo INIST Beerenauslese
  • CIB (Cules la Înnobilarea Boabelor) logo CNRS logo INIST Trockenbeerenauslese

Special wine names / types

  • Vin Spumante cu Denumire de Origine Controlată logo CNRS logo INIST with origin
  • Rezerva = reserve (Maturation to 6 months oak barrel and 6 in bottle)
  • Vin de Vinotecă (aging to 1 year oak barrel and 4 months in bottle)
  • Vin Tănăr = young wine (Marketing until the end of the reading year)
In the wine guide you will find
currently 125 530 Wines and 22 936 Producers, including 1 259 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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