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The growing area in Germany is named after the two rivers, in whose narrow valleys on the southeast and southwest slopes the terraced Vineyards lie. The vineyards cover 786 hectares of vineyards, which extend over three federal states. Over 90% of them are in Saxony-Anhalt, the rest in Thuringia and only a few hectares in Werder an der Havel in the state Brandenburg, Viticulture has been practiced here for over a thousand years. In a deed of gift from Emperor Otto III. (980-1002), a grandson Charlemagne, this was already attested to in writing in 998 at the Memleben monastery. Another document attests to vineyards in the Mansfeld Lakes area as early as 973 Cistercian founded the monastery of St. Mariae ad Portam in 1137 (today the state winery Pforta Monastery ) and laid 1154 the still existing one Pfortenser Köppelberg on. The old wine-growing tradition testifies to a grape in the coat of arms of the city of Jena, in which the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1554. At that time, the Thuringian vineyard area was around 10,000 hectares.
Climate and soil
Saale-Unstrut is that northernmost wine region Europe, it lies beyond the 51st parallel, which is considered the climatic limit of world winegrowing. The floors consist mainly of weathered shell limestone, as well as enclosed sandstone, loess clay and copper slate. There is a lot of sun, but little rain. With only around 500 millimeters of rainfall per year, the cultivation area is one of the poorest in the wine-growing regions Germany, There are cold "polar winters" with down to minus 20 degrees, so for the vines danger of frost consists.
Areas, municipalities and locations
The vineyards are divided into three areas, four large locations and a total of 37 individual layers. The by far largest area of Neuenburg Castle in the state of Saxony-Anhalt and the small area in the Brandenburg municipality of Werder encompasses over 500 hectares of vineyards. It is divided into three major locations: Blütengrund, Göttersitz and Schweigenberg. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:
The Mansfeld Lakes area in the state of Saxony-Anhalt was only created in 2002. The vineyards cover around 80 hectares of vineyards. There is a large area of Kelterberg. The winegrowing communities with the individual layers:
There were no major changes compared to 2009. The white wine varieties clearly dominate with three quarters of the area. Due to the danger of frost frost-resistant varieties are preferred and therefore many German new varieties tested. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):