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Germany

Saale-Unstrut

Saale-Unstrut

Description to Saale-Unstrut

The growing area in Germany is named after the two rivers, in whose narrow valleys on the southeast and southwest slopes the terraced Vineyards lie. The vineyards cover 786 hectares of vineyards, which extend over three federal states. Over 90% of them are in Saxony-Anhalt, the rest in Thuringia and only a few hectares in Werder an der Havel in the state Brandenburg, Viticulture has been practiced here for over a thousand years. In a deed of gift from Emperor Otto III. (980-1002), a grandson Charlemagne, this was already attested to in writing in 998 at the Memleben monastery. Another document attests to vineyards in the Mansfeld Lakes area as early as 973 Cistercian founded the monastery of St. Mariae ad Portam in 1137 (today the state winery Pforta Monastery ) and laid 1154 the still existing one Pfortenser Köppelberg on. The old wine-growing tradition testifies to a grape in the coat of arms of the city of Jena, in which the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1554. At that time, the Thuringian vineyard area was around 10,000 hectares.

Map of the Saale-Unstrut region

Climate and soil

Saale-Unstrut is that northernmost wine region Europe, it lies beyond the 51st parallel, which is considered the climatic limit of world winegrowing. The floors consist mainly of weathered shell limestone, as well as enclosed sandstone, loess clay and copper slate. There is a lot of sun, but little rain. With only around 500 millimeters of rainfall per year, the cultivation area is one of the poorest in the wine-growing regions Germany, There are cold "polar winters" with down to minus 20 degrees, so for the vines danger of frost consists.

Areas, municipalities and locations

The vineyards are divided into three areas, four large locations and a total of 37 individual layers. The by far largest area of Neuenburg Castle in the state of Saxony-Anhalt and the small area in the Brandenburg municipality of Werder encompasses over 500 hectares of vineyards. It is divided into three major locations: Blütengrund, Göttersitz and Schweigenberg. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:

The Mansfeld Lakes area in the state of Saxony-Anhalt was only created in 2002. The vineyards cover around 80 hectares of vineyards. There is a large area of Kelterberg. The winegrowing communities with the individual layers:

  • Höhnstedt : Kreisberg, Riser, Steineck
  • Seeburg : sky height
  • Stedten : Pastor's Rise
  • Westerhausen : Königstein

The Thuringia area in the state of the same name covers 55 hectares of vineyards. There is no major location. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Auerstedt : Tamsel
  • Bad Sulza : Sonnenberg
  • Dornburg : Schlossberg
  • Dorndorf : Ermtal, Rappental
  • Großvargula : Hopfenberg
  • Großheringen : Sonnenberg
  • Jena-Zwatzen : Käuzchenberg
  • Kaatschen-Weichau : Dachsberg
  • Neuengönna : Wurmberg
  • Sonnendorf : Sonnenberg

Blend

There were no major changes compared to 2009. The white wine varieties clearly dominate with three quarters of the area. Due to the danger of frost frost-resistant varieties are preferred and therefore many German new varieties tested. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
Common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner White 117 14.8 128
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 109 13.8 87
Riesling White Riesling, Rheinriesling White 70 8.9 52
Dornfelder - red 54 6.8 50
Bacchus - White 50 6.3 29
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 48 6.1 56
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 46 5.8 38
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 41 5.2 46
Kerner - White 36 4.6 45
Pinot Noir incl. SamtrotPinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 30 3.8 30
Red traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 26 3.3 29
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 25 3.2 20
White Gutedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 21 2.7 24
regent - red 19 2.4 20
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 9 1.1 5
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 7 0.9 2
Limberger / Lemberger , Blue Limberger red 7 0.9 7
Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 6 0.8 4
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 5 0.6 4
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 5 0.6 1
Kernling - White 4 0.5 5
Cabernet Dorsa - red 3 0.4 3
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0.4 2
Chardonnay - White 3 0.4 1
Johanniter - White 3 0.4 1
Ortega - White 3 0.4 4
Blue Silvaner - White 2 0.3 1
Solaris - White 2 0.3 0
Acolon - red 1 0.1 0
Cabernet Cortis - red 1 0.1 -
Cabernet Blanc - White 1 0.1 -
Cabertin - red 1 0.1 -
Yellow muscatel muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 1 0.1 1
Helios - White 1 0.1 -
Merlot - red 1 0.1 -
Morio Muscat Morio White 1 0.1 0
Muscaris - White 1 0.1 -
Pinotin - red 1 0.1 -
Rieslaner - White 1 0.1 0
Blue trollinger Schiava Grossa red 0 - -
Cabernet Dorio - red 0 - 0
Domina - red 0 - 0
dark fields - red 0 - 0
Merzling - White 0 - -
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 0 - 0
Phoenix - White 0 - -
rondo - red 0 - 0
Red muscatel muscatel White 0 - -
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 0 - -
Saphira - White 0 - -
Schönburger - White 0 - 0
Souvignier Gris - White 0 - -
André - red - - 5
Hoelder - White - - 1
otherwise. white varieties - White 15 1.9 2
otherwise. red varieties - red 10 1.3 2
WHITE VARIETIES 583 74.2 516
RED VARIETIES 202 25.8 188
TOTAL 786 100 704


producers

Well-known producers are in Saale-Unstrut Böhme Klaus. Frölich-Hake. Gussek. Dear Stephan. Pforta Monastery. Lützkendorf. Pawis. Rotkäppchen-Mumm and Thuringian winery Bad Sulza,

In the wine guide you will find
currently 137 004 Wines and 22 869 Producers, including 1 505 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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