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The growing area in Germany is named after the two rivers in whose narrow valleys on the southeast and southwest slopes of the terraced Vineyards are lying. The vineyards cover 786 hectares of vineyards, which extend over three federal states. Over 90% of these are in Saxony-Anhalt, the rest in Thuringia and only a few hectares in Werder an der Havel in the state Brandenburg, Viticulture has been practiced here for over a thousand years. In a deed of donation of emperor Otto III. (980-1002), a grandson Charlemagne's, this is already documented in the year 998 in writing to the monastery Memleben. Another document testifies vineyards in the area Mansfelder Seen already in 973. The Cistercian Founded in 1137 the monastery of St. Maria ad Portam (today Landesweingut Monastery Pforta ) and laid in 1154 the still existing today Pfortenser Köppelberg at. The old winemaking tradition testifies to a grape in the city coat of arms of the city of Jena, in which the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1554. At that time, the Thuringian vineyard was about 10,000 hectares.
Climate and soil
Saale-Unstrut is that most northern wine-growing region Europe, it lies beyond the 51st latitude, which is considered climatic limit of world viticulture. The soils consist mainly of weathered shell limestone, as well as included Buntsandstein, Lösslehm and copper shale. There is a lot of sun, but little rain. With only about 500 millimeters of rainfall per year, the cultivation work is one of the lowest rainfall wine regions Germany, There are cold "polar winters" with up to minus 20 degrees, so for the grapevines danger of frost consists.
Areas, communities and locations
The vineyards are spread over three areas, four major sites and a total of 37 individual layers. By far the largest area Neuchâtel Castle in the state of Saxony-Anhalt and the small area in the Brandenburg municipality of Werder covers over 500 hectares of vineyards. It is divided into the three major locations: Blütengrund, Göttersitz and Schweigenberg. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
The area Mansfelder Seen in the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt was only created in 2002. The vineyards cover about 80 hectares of vineyards. There is a large location Kelterberg. The wine-growing communities with the individual layers:
Compared to the year 2009, there were no serious changes. With three quarters of the area clearly dominate the white wine varieties. Due to the danger of frost Frozen varieties are preferred and therefore many German new varieties tested. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):