Slovakia, slovak republik

6 growing regions

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Description to Slovakia, slovak republik

In 1993 were from the former state the independent states Slovakia and educated. Viticulture has a common history that goes up to the declining. The wine-growing areas of Slovakia are located mainly in the south at the borders and , The vineyards form along these borders about a 60-kilometer-long strip and lie on the northern edge of the European wine-growing area largely on the Hron (Gran), Nitra (Neutra) and Váh (Waag) around the capital Bratislava (Bratislava). It has a continental climate with hot summers and cool winters with moderate rainfall. In 2012, the vineyard covered 20,000 hectares, of which 384,000 hl of wine were produced. Two-thirds produce white wines and one-third red wines. Well-known wineries are Gbelce, Hlohovec, Hurbanovo, Matysák, Pavelka, Topolcany and Trnava. Apart from the export to the majority is consumed in the country. Of the 2010:

vine colour Synonyms or Slovak name hectare
White Veltlínske Zelené 2091
Welschriesling White Rizling Vlašský 1655
Blaufränkisch red Frankovka Modra 1378
St. Laurent red Svätovavrinecké 939
Müller-Thurgau White - 932
Riesling White Rizling Rýnsky 605
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 570
Pinot Blanc White Burgundy Biele, Rulandské Biele 523
Chardonnay White - 310
Gewürztraminer / Traminer White Tramín Červený 265
Furmint White - 248
Odessky Cherny red - 236
Fetească Regală White Pesecká Leánka 231
Irsai Olivér White Irsay Oliver 227
Fetească Albă White Dievcie Hrozno 219
André red - 211
Pinot Gris White Burgundy Sivé, Rulandské Sivé 211
Sauvignon Blanc White Sauvignon 208
White Veltlínske Červené Skoré 195
Muskát Moravský White MOPR, Moravian nutmeg 163
Hárslevelü White Lipovina 141
Devín White - 133
Silvaner (Green Silvaner) White Silvánske Zelené 117
Zweigelt red - 116
red Modrý Portugal, Portugalské Modré 92
Dunaj red - 62
White Muskát Ottonel 48
Muscat Blanc / White Muškát Žltý 48
Neronet red - 39
Pálava White - 32
Aurelius White - 26
Breslava White Chrtc x St M Dc Alc 10/28 10
Neuburger White Neuburger 9
Bouvier White Bouvierovo Hrozno 6
Noria White - 2
Mília red - 1
Red Silvaner / Silvaner red Silvánske Cervené ?
Csaba Gyöngye White Cabianska Perla ?
Ezerjó White - ?
Leányka White - ?
Lena White - ?
Pinot Noir red Burgundské Modré, Rulandské Modré ?
Rotgipfler White Slatzki Zelenac ?
White Veltlínske Červenobiele ?
Veritas White - ?
Vrboska White - ?


Well-known wine-growing communities are Hurbanovo, Levice, Modra (with a school of viticulture), Nitra, Nove Zamky, Pezinok, Raca, Sahy, Sered, Sobota, Trnava and Zlaté Moravce. A special feature is the small area in the east, which is directly adjacent to the Hungarian Tokaj-Hegyalja. Here in the three (formerly Hungary) villages Kistoronya, Szőlõske and the Slovak part of Sátoraljaújhely a wine in the manner of generated. After years of disputes, the two countries finally agreed in early 2003 that these wines produced within the 172-hectare area may bear the designation of origin Tokaji (for four other communities claimed by Slovakia, this was rejected by Hungary).

Wine categories : The wine categories are based as in Austria and Germany on the Mostgewicht the grapes; 1 ° NM (Normalizovaný Muštomer) = 1 kg of sugar per 100 l of must. In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also in detail under ):

  • Víno (formerly ) =
  • CZO (Chráněné Zeměpisné Označeni) = Regionálne Víno or
  • ??? (not known) = Akostné Víno or (at least 16 ° NM, yield limits per area)

(Akostné Víno s prívlastkom)

  • Cabinetné = Kabinett (fully ripe grapes, to 19 ° NM)
  • Neskorý zber = (fully ripe, to 21 ° NM)
  • About z hrozna = (overripe, selected, to 23 ° NM)
  • Bobuľový výber = Beerenauslese (overripe, selected, to 26 ° NM)
  • Hrozienkový výber = Trockenbeerenauslese (overripe, selected, to 28 ° NM)
  • Cibébový výber = Trockenbeerenauslese ( botrytisierte Grapes, otherwise as before)
  • L&39;adový zber logo CNRS logo INIST Eiswein (read at least minus 7 ° Celsius, at 27 ° NM)
  • Slamové Víno = Strohwein (dried for 3 months on reed mats, at 27 ° NM)

(see there the regulations, which also apply to Slovakia)

  • Esencia = Eszencia (to 450 g / l sugar, to 50 g / l total extract, 3 years maturation)
  • Forditáš = Forditás (2 years maturation, of which 1 wooden barrel)
  • Mášláš = Máslás (2 years maturation, of which 1 wooden barrel)
  • Samorodné = Szamorodni (2 years ripening, of which 1 wooden barrel)
  • Výber = Aszú / (3 to 6 Putňový, 3 years maturation, of which 2 year wooden barrel)
  • Výberová Esencia = Aszú-Eszencia (for 180 g / l sugar, 3 years maturation, dav. 2 wood)

Special wine names / types

  • Mladé Víno logo CNRS logo INIST (Bottling before the end of the reading year)
  • Archívne Víno = (for 3 years maturation)
  • Panenská úroda = (Grapes from the first harvest after vines planting)
  • Pestovateľský sparkling wine = Winzersekt
  • Sparkling wine vinohradníckej oblasti / sparkling wine VO = Sekt from certain winegrowing area
Im Weinführer finden Sie
aktuell 122 251 Weine und 22 901 Erzeuger, davon 6 700 klassifizierte Erzeuger.
Rating system About Ambassador Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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