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Slovenia

3 growing regions

Wine regions in Slovenia

Description to Slovenia

The first vines were planted in this area around 2,400 years ago Celts planted. The Romans influenced viticulture especially in the Poetovium area (Ptuj = Pettau). The Roman wine author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned viticulture in the karst region and called these wines an elixir of life. Winegrowing came to a standstill again during the Migration Period. But in the Middle Ages, the wines at the courts of imperial Wien and archiepiscopal Salzburg were highly valued. The Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a model vineyard near Maribor (Marburg). Even today the influences of the long and historical affiliation to Austria-Hungary can be felt. As in most European countries, large areas of vineyards fell in the second half of the 19th century phylloxera to the victim.

Wine growing areas / climate

installation areas are in the north at the border Austria (Southern Styria), in the east on the border with Hungary as well as in the west on the border with the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Around three quarters of the production is accounted for by white wines and around a quarter by red wines. Slovenian winegrowing has shown a rapid positive development. The winery is a model company and pioneer Movia, There are many small winegrowers with tiny areas. The climatic conditions are characterized by Alpine, continental and Mediterranean climates. After short, heavy downpours in the spring, a warm summer and a long, mostly sunny autumn follow, which enables a late harvest and therefore also mature predicate wines. Slovenia is divided into three large wine-growing regions with 14 wine-growing regions protected by origin. The vineyards covered a total of 16,000 hectares in 2012, of which 507,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ):

Slovenia - map with the winegrowing regions

Podravje (Drauland) divided into two areas with 9,650 ha:
1. Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenian Styria) with 8,685 ha

  • Haloze
  • Ljutomer-Ormoz
  • Maribor
  • Ptuj-Srednje Slovenske Gorice
  • Radgona-Kapela
  • Smarje-Virštanj

2. Prekmurje with 965 ha

  • Lendavske Gorice-Goricko

Posavje (Saving area) with 4,328 ha:

  • Bela Krajina (White Carniola) with 608 ha
  • Bizeljsko Sremič with 1,264 ha
  • Dolenjska with 2,456 ha

Primorska (Adriatic coastal area) with 8,081 ha:

  • Goriška Brda (Görzer hills) with 1,992 ha
  • Kras (karst) with 753 ha
  • Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria) with 2,331 ha
  • Vipavska Dolina (Wippach Valley) with 3,005 ha

Blend

The Blend in 2010 in the statistics of Kym Anderson scam:

vine Synonyms in Slovenia colour hectare
Laski Rizling White 2360
Terrano / Refosco Refošk, Refosco d'Istria red 1292
Chardonnay - White 1208
Sauvignon Blanc Muscatni Silvanec White 1061
Merlot - red 996
žametovka Kavcina Crna red 913
Ribolla Gialla rebula White 743
Malvazija Istarska Istrska Malvazija, Polijsakica Drnovk White 740
Frankovna Crna red 680
Riesling Renski Rizling White 676
Furmint Šipon White 651
Pinot Blanc Beli Pinot, Beli Burgundec White 525
Pinot gris Sivi Pinot White 501
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 453
Muscat Blanc Rumeni nutmeg White 353
Gewurztraminer / Traminer Traminec White 215
Sauvignonasse Zeleni Sauvignon White 190
Kraljevina - White 179
Müller-Thurgau Rizvanec White 144
Barbera - red 134
Plavec Zuti (? - look there) Rumeni Plavec White 60
Bouvier Ranina Bela, Radgonska Ranina White 40
Ranfol Belina Pleterje White 36
Klarnica Klarnca White 3
Kerner - White 2
Vitovska Vitouska White ?
Vitovska Grganja Grganka, Racuk, Vitovska Garganija White ?

wine Categories

As in Austria and Germany, these are based on the Mostgewicht of grapes. The total amount of bottles produced or their number of liters must be stated on the label. The sweetness levels are suho (dry), polsuho (semi-dry), polsladko (semi-sweet) and sladko (sweet). In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations came into effect with fundamental changes in wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names and quality levels (see also under quality system ):

  • Vino (formerly Namizno Vino or ) = Wine
  • PGO = Deželno Vino or country wine
  • ZGP = Kakovostno Vino or quality wine
  • VV z ZGP = Vrhunsko Vino or top wine / Prädikatswein
  • PTP = Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje or traditional wine

PGO (Priznano Geografsko Oznaka = recognized geographical name) :
Wine made from fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content. 8.5% vol, maximum yield 120 h / ha, sensory and analytical testing required.

ZGP (Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom = protected geographical origin) :
Use of Quality wine-grape varieties and certain vineyards are required, fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content for. 8.5% vol (9.5% vol in growing zone CII), max. Maximum yield 80 hl / ha, sensory and analytical testing required. 16.1 out of 20 points can be achieved.

VV z ZGP (Vrhunsko Vino z Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom = top quality wine geogr. Herk.) :
This corresponds analogously to a predicate wine. In addition to the basic criteria, the following conditions apply: Registered , no enrich and no additives allowed, none deacidification, Official tasting must score at least 18.1 out of 20 points. Additional names / types of wine:

  • Pozna Trgatev = late vintage (overripe or botrytised; to the. 92 ° Oe)
  • Izbor = choice (overripe or botrytized; at. 108 ° Oe)
  • Jagodni Izbor Beerenauslese (overripe or botrytized; at. 128 ° Oe)
  • Suhi Jagodni Izbor Trockenbeerenauslese (overripe or botrytized; at. 154 ° Oe)
  • Ledeno Vino = Eiswein (of course frozen at harvest, at. 128 ° Oe)
  • Slamno Vino (Vino iz Sušenega Grozdja) Strohwein (dried on reed mats)

PTP (Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje = recognized traditional name) :
Wines produced according to traditional methods with protection of geographical origin. There are only four of them; these are Belokranjec. cviček. Kras Teran and Metliska Crnina,

Special wine names / types

  • Arhivsko Vino = archive wine (Maturation 2 years barrel and 2 bottle; at. 83 ° Oe)
  • Mlado Vino = young wine (Marketing 30 days after harvest until January 31 of the following year)
  • Kakovostno Peneče Vino, Penina sparkling wine or quality sparkling wine

Map: From Agne27 at Wikipedia , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
edited by Norbert FJ Tischelmayer - May 2019

In the wine guide you will find
currently 135 738 Wines and 22 897 Producers, including 1 528 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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