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The first vines were in this area about 2,400 years ago by the Celts planted. The Romans influenced the viticulture especially in the area of Poetovium (Ptuj = Pettau). The Roman wine author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned viticulture in the karst area and described these wines as an elixir of life. During the migration of peoples viticulture came to a standstill again. But in the middle age the wines at the courts of imperial Wien and archiepiscopal Salzburg were much appreciated. The Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a sample vineyard near Maribor (Marburg). Even today, the influences of the historical and long affiliation with Austria-Hungary can be felt. As in most European countries, in the second half of the 19th century, large vineyards fell phylloxera to the victim.
Winemaking areas / climate
built-in areas are located in the north on the border Austria (Southern Styria), to the east on the border with Hungary as well as in the west on the border to the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Around three-fourths of the production is made up of white wines, around a quarter on red wines. The Slovenian viticulture has to show a rapid positive development. A showpiece and pioneer is the winery Movia, There are many small vintagers with tiny areas. The climatic conditions are characterized by Alpine, continental and Mediterranean climate. After short, heavy downpours in the spring, there follows a warm summer and a long, mostly sunny autumn, which enables a late harvest and thus also mature predicate wines. Slovenia is divided into three large wine-growing regions with 14 origin-protected wine-growing regions. The vineyards covered a total of 16,000 hectares in 2012, of which 507,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also Wine production volumes ):
Podravje (Drauland) divided into two areas with 9,650 ha: 1. Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenian Styria) with 8.685 ha
These are based as in Austria and Germany on the Mostgewicht of the grapes. The total quantity of the bottles produced or their number of liters must be stated on the label. The sweetness levels are suho (dry), polsuho (semi-dry), polsladko (semisweet) and sladko (sweet). In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became effective with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also under quality system ):
PTP = Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje or traditional wine
PGO (Priznano Geografsko Oznaka = recognized geographical name) : Wine made from fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content. 8.5% vol, maximum yield 120 h / ha, sensory and analytical test required.
ZGP (Zaščitenim Geografskim poreklom = protected geographical origin) : Use of Quality wine-grape varieties and certain vineyards are prescribed, fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content to. 8.5% vol (9.5% vol in growing zone CII), max. Maximum yield 80 hl / ha, sensory and analytical testing required, during official tasting must. 16.1 out of 20 points can be achieved.
VV z ZGP (Vrhunsko Vino z Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom = top quality wine geogr. Herk.) : This corresponds analogously to a predicate wine. In addition to the basic criteria, the following conditions apply: Registered , no enrich and no additives allowed, none deacidification, At official tasting, at least 18.1 out of 20 points must be achieved. Additional designations / types of wine:
Ledeno Vino = Eiswein (of course frozen at reading, to 128 ° Oe)
Slamno Vino (Vino iz Sušenega Grozdja) Strohwein (dried on reed mats)
PTP(Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje = recognized traditional name) : Wines produced according to traditional methods with protection of geographical origin. There are only four of them; these are Belokranjec. cviček. Kras Teran and Metliska Crnina,
Special wine names / types
Arhivsko Vino archive wine (Maturation 2 years barrel and 2 bottle, to 83 ° Oe)
Mlado Vino = young wine (Marketing 30 days after harvest until 31st of January following year)
Kakovostno Peneče Vino, Penina sparkling wine or quality sparkling wine