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The first vines were in this area about 2,400 years ago by the planted. The Romans influenced winegrowing mainly in the area of Poetovium (Ptuj = Pettau). The wine author (23-79) mentioned viticulture in the karst area and described these wines as an elixir of life. During the migration of peoples viticulture came to a standstill again. But in the Middle Ages, the wines were highly valued at the courts of Imperial Vienna and Archiepiscopal Salzburg. The Austrian (1782-1859) owned a sample vineyard near Maribor (Marburg). Even today, the influence of the historical and long affiliation with Austria-Hungary can be felt. As in most countries, in the second half of the 19th century, large vineyards fell to the victim.
The wine-growing areas are located in the north on the border (Südsteiermark), to the east on the border with as well as in the west on the border to the Italian region Friaul-Julisch-Venetien , About three quarters account for white wines, about a quarter on red wines. Slovenian viticulture has had a very positive development. A showcase and pioneer is the winery Movia , There are many small vintagers with tiny areas. Of the 2010 Statistics Kym Anderson ):
The climatic conditions are characterized by Alpine, continental and Mediterranean climate. After short, heavy downpours in the spring follows a warm summer and a long, mostly sunny autumn, which allows a late harvest and thus also mature predicate wines. Slovenia is divided into three large wine-growing regions with 14 origin-protected wine-growing regions. The vineyards covered in 2012 a total of 16,000 hectares, of which 507,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under ):
(Drauland) divided into two areas with 9,650 ha: 1. Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenian Styria) with 8.685 ha * Haloze * Ljutomer-Ormoz * Maribor * Ptuj-Srednje Slovenske Gorice * Radgona-Kapela * Smarje-Virstanj
2. Prekmurje with 965 ha * Lendavske Gorice-Goricko
(Save area) with 4,328 ha: * Bela Krajina (White Carnation) with 608 ha * Bizeljsko Sremič with 1.264 ha * Dolenjska with 2.456 ha
(Adriatic Coast) with 8,081 ha: * Goriška Brda (Görzer Hügelland) with 1.992 ha * Kras (karst) with 753 ha * Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria) with 2,331 ha * Vipavska Dolina (Wippachtal) with 3.005 ha
Wine categories : These are based as in Austria and Germany on the Mostgewicht of the grapes. The total quantity of the bottles produced or their number of liters must be stated on the label. The sweeteners are suho (dry), polsuho (semi-dry), polsladko (semisweet) and sladko (sweet). In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names or quality levels (see also in detail under ):
* Vino (formerly Namizno Vino or ) = * PGO = Deželno Vino or * ZGP = Kakovostno Vino or * VV z ZGP = Vrhunsko Vino or top wines / Prädikatswein * PTP = Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje or traditional wine
PGO (Priznano Geografsko Oznaka = recognized geographical name) : Wine made from fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content. 8.5% vol, maximum yield 120 h / ha, and required.
ZGP (Zaščitenim Geografskim poreklom = protected geographical origin) : Use of and certain vineyards are prescribed, fully ripened grapes, natural alcohol content to. 8.5% vol (9.5% vol in the CII), max. Maximum yield 80 hl / ha, sensory and analytical testing required, with official tasting at least 16.1 out of 20 points must be achieved.
VV z ZGP (Vrhunsko Vino z Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom = top-grade wine, geogr. This corresponds analogously to a predicate wine. In addition to the basic criteria, the following strict conditions apply: Registered Weinlese , no and no additives allowed, none , At official tasting, at least 18.1 out of 20 points must be achieved. The additional designations or types of wine are:
* Pozna Trgatev = (over-ripe od. botrytisiert ; to the. 92 ° Oe) * Izbor = (over-ripe or botrytised, to the 108 ° Oe) Jagodni Izbor Beerenauslese (overripe or botrytised, to 128 ° Oe) * Suhi Jagodni Izbor Trockenbeerenauslese (overripe or botrytised, to 154 ° Oe) * Ledeno Vino = Eiswein (naturally frozen at reading, to 128 ° Oe) * Slamno Vino (Vino iz Sušenega Grozdja) Strohwein (dried on reed mats)
(Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje = recognized traditional name) : Wines produced according to traditional methods with protection of geographical origin. There are only four of them; these are Belokranjec . Cviček . Kras Teran and Metliska Crnina ,
Special wine names / types * Arhivsko Vino = (Maturation 2 years barrel and 2 bottle, to 83 ° Oe) * Mlado Vino = (Marketing 30 days after harvest until 31st of January following year) * Kakovostno Peneče Vino, Penina Sekt or quality sparkling wine