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One of the three specific ones wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Styria, The history of viticulture goes back to the fourth century BC. In the monarchy there was still 35,000 hectares of vineyards in Lower Styria at the end of the 19th century - that was about 15 times the amount compared to today. Back then, counted in today Slovenia lying areas. The Habsburg Archduke Johann (1782-1859) set the course for Styrian quality wine growing by founding a trial winery near Marburg. The Pinot Blanc from today in Slovenia lying reed Jerusalem at that time was one of the most coveted white wines in Europe.
The area is divided into an area on the Slovenian border and the Sausal region west of Leibnitz. The sausal slopes up to 650 meters above sea level are up to 42 ° (90%) Tilt partly only to be operated with a cable winch. You are one of the steepest vineyards Austria. Well-known wine-growing communities are Berghausen, Ehrenhausen, Gamlitz, Heimschuh, Kitzeck (Viticulture Museum), Leibnitz, Leutschach, Silberberg (Wine School), Spielfeld, St. Andrä im Sausal and Sulztal. These are through the South Styrian Wine Route, Sausal Wine Route and Rebenland Wine Route (also Klapotetz wine route ) connected with each other.
The climate is influenced by Pannonian and southern European influences. The rainfall is twice as high as in Burgenland and in Lower Austria, The warm, humid weather favors the spread of Botrytis for the production Wines. Slate, sand, marl and lime soils predominate as soil types. A sandy-clay sedimentary rock, often mixed with shell limestone, is called here Opok,
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 2,563 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 2,340 hectares, this was an increase of 9.5%. The proportion of clearly dominating white wine varieties is 87.2%, the proportion of red wine varieties is 12.8% (Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay were recorded together with 487 ha in 2009):
In 2018, Styria became an origin-oriented one DAC system introduced. All other quality wines have to with the origin Styria, the country wines under the wine-growing region name Steirerland be marketed. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realized one after the other) an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing areas. There is a three tier pyramid of origin of wine. local wine and Ried wine,
The Styrian variety of varieties is taken into account differently (see in the graphic). It remains the same for the regional wine, for the local wine and in some cases also for the Riedenwein different localities depending on the wine-making area leading varieties Are defined. The regional wines may be marketed from March 1, the vineyard wines and the local wines from May 1 of the year following the harvest. The wines from Welschriesling and the Schilcher, which can be marketed from December 1 of the harvest year. There is also an exception for the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented in early November.
The Südsteiermark DAC area comprises the political district of Leibnitz without the municipal areas on the left bank of the Mur river. The cross-local winegrowing communities are Kitzeck-Sausal, Eichberg, Leutschach, Gamlitz and Ehrenhausen. The leading varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (all winegrowing communities), Riesling (Kitzeck-Sausal), Gelber Muskateller (Leutschach, Gamlitz) and Morillon (Ehrenhausen).