Wine-growing region in Austria, one of eight located in the federal state of Lower Austria. The vineyard area totals 2.332 hectares, held by a total of 1.282 grape growers. It was created in 1985, when the previously independent wine-growing regions of Gumpoldskirchen and Bad Vöslau were consolidated in a single area. The region takes its name from the thermal baths, which were already known in ancient times. The region is also known colloquially as the ”southern line” or „Südbahn”, after the railway line built here in the 19th century. The oldest wine estate in Austria, the Freigut Thallern close to Gumpoldskirchen was founded in 1141 by the Cisterican monks of the Heiligenkreuz abbey. The right of wine growers to serve wine to guests has a long tradition dating back to the 13th century, at the time it was known as ”Leitgeben” or „Leutgeben”. Particularly large volumes of grapes were produced in the 14th and 15th centur. The region was severely affected by the Turkish sieges in the 16th and 17th century. The Turkish commander in chief, Kara Mustapha, took ill in 1683, but recovered rapidly in Baden. Viticulture suffered severe losses, as the Turks destroyed many vineyards for religious reasons. The Deutscher Orden monks brought Pinot Noir to the region in 1760, this then spread across the whole region, as far as the Burgenland region. The area is part of the Vienna basin, and is one of the warmest and also scenically most beautiful wine-growing regions in Austria. Author Hugo von Hofmannsthal (1847-1929), the creator of „Everyman”, described it as an „immense garden”. The Thermenregion consists of poor stony soils as well as of heavy clay soils. The climate is characterised by hot dry summers and cold winters. The region stretches from the southern city limits of Vienna along a range of hills to the spa city of Baden in the south. The is a beautiful, scenic wine route that touches on all important wine-producing towns and villages. The most important communes are Baden, Bad Vöslau, Brunn am Gebirge, Enzesfeld, Gumpoldskirchen, Guntramsdorf, Hirtenberg, Leobersdorf, Maria Enzersdorf, Mödling, Perchtoldsdorf, Pfaffstätten, Sooß, Tattendorf, Teesdorf, Traiskirchen and Tribuswinkel. The best-known single vineyard sites include Brindlbach, Doctnerin, Goldeck, Mandelhöhe, Spiegel and Wiegen. The indigenous variety Zierfandler, also known as Spätrot, is a local speciality, it is sometimes blended with Rotgipfler to create a white Spätrot-Rotgipfler blend. A whole range of tourist activities is offered under the umbrella term of „Zierfandler-Welt” (world). There are two well-known producers associations, Burgundermacher and Thermenwinzer. Among the best-known wine producers are Alphart Karl, Auer Leopold and Helga, Aumann, Bayer Heribert, Biegler, Dopler, Fischer Christian, Frank Adolf and Gerhard, Freigut Thallern, Gisperg, Grabner-Schierer, Hartl Heinrich, Hartl Toni, Heggenberger, Johanneshof Reinisch, Krug Gustav, Landauer-Gisperg, Loimer, Piriwe, Pretterebner, Reinisch Alfred, Schaflerhof, Schellmann, Schlumberger, Schneider Georg, Schwertführer 47er, Schwertführer Johann, Spaetrot Gebeshuber, Stadlmann, Stift Klosterneuburg, Straitz and Straitz, Thiel and Zierer. Varieties planted are (status 2000): Variety Synonyms, variants Colour Hectares % share Blauer Portugieser Portugieser Red 381 16,3 Neuburger - White 356 15,3 Chardonnay Pinot Blanc Feinburgunder Weissburgunder, Klevner White 208 8,9 Veltliner Grüner Veltliner, Weißgipfler White 198 8,5 Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger Red 190 8,1 Rotgipfler Rotreifler White 110 4,7 Riesling Rheinriesling, Weißer Riesling White 92 3,9 Welschriesling - White 89 3,8 St. Laurent - Red 88 3,8 Zierfandler Spätrot, Gumpoldskirchner White 85 3,6 Pinot Noir Blauburgunder, Blauer Spätburgunder Red 82 3,5 Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling x Sylvaner White 61 2,6 Gemischter Satz - White 61 2,6 Blauburger - Red 56 2,4 Frühroter Veltliner Frühroter, Malvasier White 43 1,8 Cabernet Sauvignon - Red 37 1,6 Traminer Roter Traminer, Gewürztraminer White 35 1,5 Muskat-Ottonel Feinschmeckerter White 25 1,1 Blaufränkisch Blauer Limberger, Limberger Red 25 1,1 Gemischter Satz - Red 25 1,1 Merlot - Red 16 0,71 Pinot Gris Grauburgunder, Ruländer White 16 0,7 Goldburger - White 13 0,6 Silvaner Sylvaner, Grüner Sylvaner White 10 0,4 Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 6,2 0,3 Muskateller Gelber Muskateller, Roter Muskateller White 5 0,2 Bouvier - White 4,2 0,2 Cabernet Franc - Red 4 0,2 Scheurebe Sämling 88 White 2,5 0,1 Roter Veltliner - White 1,9 0,1 Jubiläumsrebe - White 1,7 0,1 Blauer Wildbacher Schilcher Red 0,2 - White varieties 1.430 61,3 Red varieties 902 38,7 TOTAL 2.332 100

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