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Turkey

7 growing regions

Unfortunately there is no information about Turkey available.

Description to Turkey

The country has an ancient winemaking tradition, because at least in the 4th millennium BC. There were cultivated vineyards in Anatolia, in the area Transcaucasia (that with Mesopotamia as the cradle of wine culture) and on the coast of the Caspian Sea. During excavations in the city of Catal Hüyük, built in the 7th millennium BC, there were representations that suggest wine production at that time. An ancestor of the grape variety Kalecik Karasi according to a naturally unverifiable hypothesis, supposedly already ~ 1,500 BC. Chr. The Hittiter. Near the border to Iran and to Armenia lies the famous mountain Ararat where according to the Bible Noah landed with his ark after the Flood and "became a winegrower". According to the latest research, the origin of the cultivated grapevine or the viticultural culture in southeastern Anatolia should lie.

By the Islamization of the country and the associated alcohol ban It came in the 8th century for the first cut. In the Ottoman period (1300-1920) only Christian minorities such as Greeks and Armenians were allowed to produce wine at high taxes. In the Tanzimat period, from the mid-19th century, viticulture was revived and exports increased - due to the Phylloxera disaster in Europe - until the beginning of the 20th century to 30 million liters annually. After the Peace of Lausanne in 1923 large land areas, inter alia Greece had to be ceded and the majority of the important for viticulture important Greek minority left the country, it came again to the decline.

Starting in 1925, the new republic, under the liberal-minded political leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938), tried to revitalize viticulture. The statesman, known as a wine lover, paved the way for private wineries. In 1926, Nihat A. Kutman founded the winery "Maison Vinicole" (later Doluca) in Istanbul. The next one was in 1929 Mehmet Cenap And in Ankara, which is its operation Kavaklidere Called (Pappeltal). The most important wine-growing areas are located in the Aegean region in the west of the country, where humid climates prevail as in the dry interior and two-thirds of the wine is produced.

This is the European part of Turkey with the regions Marmaris and Thrace (Bilecik, Canakkale, Edirne, Kirklareli, Tekirdag), as well as the Aegean coast of Anatolia (Denizli, Izmir, Manisa). Smaller areas are located on the Black Sea (Corum, Kastamonu, Samsun, Tokat), Central Anatolia (Kirikkale, Kirsehir, Nevsehir, Nigde), East Anatolia (Elazig) and Southeast Anatolia (Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Mardin, Sanliurfa). In 2012, the vineyard total of 497,000 hectares was behind China the world's fifth rank, of which only 546,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ).

Turkey is the world's largest producer of around three-quarters of the grape harvest table grapes and second largest producer for raisins, Both are mostly from the variety Sultana (Sultaniye) produced. Traditional products from grapes are the honey-like grape syrup Pekmes and the fermented grape juice Hardaliye, There are many hundreds, often officially unrecognized autochthonous Grape varieties. Of the Blend includes the types of wine with the miniscule share of only 13,000 hectares:

vine colour Synonyms or name in Turkey hectare
Sultana White Kishmish, Sultaniye 1750
Öküzgözü red Kara Erik 1479
Syrah red 1367
Bogazkere red Bogazkarasi, Saraplik Siyah 1106
Dimrit red Dimlit, Dimrit Kara, Dirmit Kara 863
Kalecik Karasi red Kara Kalecik 861
Narince White Güzül Üzüm, Kazova, Narance 769
emir White Aküzüm 688
Calkarasi red Cal Karasi 625
Sémillon White - 547
Cinsault red - 500
Alicante Henri Bouschet red - 488
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 391
Merlot red - 355
Gamay red - 206
Papazkarasi red Papaska Neagra, Papaskara, Papaskarasi 175
Sauvignon Blanc White - 146
Chardonnay White - 142
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White Beyaz Misket 114
mazuelo red Carignan 84
Adakarasi red Adakarassy, ​​Avsa Adasi, Erdek 69
Karalahna red Kara Lahna, Lahna Kara 43
Karasakiz red Kara Sakiz, Karakiz, Karasakyz 43
Garnacha Tinta red Grenache Noir 33
Cavus White Caus Beli, Tchaouch, Tsaousi 30
Cabernet Franc red - 23
Viognier White - 16
Cot red Côt, Malbec 13
Petit Verdot red - 10
Sangiovese red - 9
Tempranillo red - 9
Monastrell red Mataro, Mourvedre 4
Vasilaki White Altintas, Anadolu Yapincagi 4
Pinot Noir red - 3
Riesling White - 3
Beylerce White Beylace, Beyleri, Bilecik ?
Hasandede Beyazi White Ahmet Bey, Aseri, Hasandede ?
Hasandede Siyahi red Hasandede, Hasandede Noir ?
Horozkarasi red Horoz Karasi, Khorozkarassi, Kilis Karasi ?
Kabarcik Beyaz White Beyaz Kabarcik, Kabarcik, Sari Kabarcik ?
Köhnü red - ?
Kösetevek red - ?
Yapincak White Erkek Yapincak, Kinali Yapincak, Yapakak ?


The Multi Mey Icki Sanay (former state enterprise Tekel ) produces or distributes a large part of the spirits and wines (since 2011 in possession of Diageo ). Further production companies are Diren, Doluca, Karmen, Taskobirlik and Kavaklidere produced. Among the best known brand wines count the red wines Buzbag, Villa Neva and yakut as well as the white wines Cankaya, Thrakya (Sémillon) and Villa Doluca (Sultaniye and Sémillon). But the most important alcoholic beverage is made from dried grapes (almost exclusively from Tekel) Raki to whom anise is added. The annual per capita consumption of wine is less than one liter. Great efforts are made to join the Western Quality Standard.

In the wine guide you will find
currently 123 745 Wines and 22 917 Producers, including 6 731 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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