Over a period of more then 15 years, the Wein‑Plus Wine Guide has established a reputation for its strict and independent wine reviews. Marcus Hofschuster, our head taster and editor in chief, has a precise view of the wines of around 5500 leading wine producers in Europe.
Interesting wines off the beaten mainstream path, wines with an unmistakeable character! Our head taster Marcus Hofschuster personally selects these wines from around 12,000 wines tasted each year: objectively, independently and without any trade interests.
As a member of Wein‑Plus you will profit from benefits we have negotiated with our cooperation partners in the world of wine – and these have a real cash value for you. These offers are exclusively for your benefit: Wein‑Plus receives no fees or commissions from ist partners – and that’s a promise.
Benefit from a significantly higher presence, increased awareness of your products, unbeatable top conditions at important branch service providers as well as useful, up-to-date and comprehensive information on wine and the wine sector.
The country has an ancient winemaking tradition, because at least in the 4th millennium BC. There were cultivated vineyards in Anatolia, in the area (that with as the cradle of wine culture) and on the coast of the Caspian Sea. During excavations in the city of Catal Hüyük, built in the 7th millennium BC, there were representations that suggest wine production at that time. An ancestor of the grape variety Kalecik Karasi according to a naturally unverifiable hypothesis, supposedly already ~ 1,500 BC. Chr. The Hittiter. Near the border to Iran and to lies the famous mountain Ararat where according to the Noah landed with his ark after the Flood and "became a winegrower". According to the latest research, the origin of the cultivated grapevine or the viticultural culture in southeastern Anatolia should lie.
By the Islamization of the country and the associated It came in the 8th century for the first cut. In the Ottoman period (1300-1920) only Christian minorities such as Greeks and Armenians were allowed to produce wine at high taxes. In the Tanzimat period, from the mid-19th century, viticulture was revived and exports increased - due to the in Europe - until the beginning of the 20th century to 30 million liters annually. After the Peace of Lausanne in 1923 large land areas, inter alia had to be ceded and the majority of the important for viticulture important Greek minority left the country, it came again to the decline.
Starting in 1925, the new republic, under the liberal-minded political leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938), tried to revitalize viticulture. The statesman, known as a wine lover, paved the way for private wineries. In 1926, Nihat A. Kutman founded the winery "Maison Vinicole" (later Doluca) in Istanbul. The next one was in 1929 Mehmet Cenap And in Ankara, which is its operation Kavaklidere Called (Pappeltal). The most important wine-growing areas are located in the Aegean region in the west of the country, where humid climates prevail as in the dry interior and two-thirds of the wine is produced.
This is the European part of Turkey with the regions Marmaris and Thrace (Bilecik, Canakkale, Edirne, Kirklareli, Tekirdag), as well as the Aegean coast of Anatolia (Denizli, Izmir, Manisa). Smaller areas are located on the Black Sea (Corum, Kastamonu, Samsun, Tokat), Central Anatolia (Kirikkale, Kirsehir, Nevsehir, Nigde), East Anatolia (Elazig) and Southeast Anatolia (Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Mardin, Sanliurfa). In 2012, the vineyard total of 497,000 hectares was behind China the world&39;s fifth rank, of which only 546,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under ).
Turkey is the world&39;s largest producer of around three-quarters of the grape harvest and second largest producer for , Both are mostly from the variety Sultana (Sultaniye) produced. Traditional products from grapes are the honey-like grape syrup Pekmes and the fermented grape juice Hardaliye , There are many hundreds, often officially unrecognized Grape varieties. Of the includes the types of wine with the miniscule share of only 13,000 hectares:
The Multi Mey Icki Sanay (former state enterprise Tekel ) produces or distributes a large part of the spirits and wines (since 2011 in possession of Diageo ). Further production companies are Diren, Doluca, Karmen, Taskobirlik and Kavaklidere produced. Among the best known count the red wines Buzbag , Villa Neva and Yakut as well as the white wines Cankaya , Thrakya (Sémillon) and Villa Doluca (Sultaniye and Sémillon). But the most important alcoholic beverage is made from dried grapes (almost exclusively from Tekel) Raki to whom is added. The annual per capita consumption of wine is less than one liter. Great efforts are made to join the Western Quality Standard.