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A wine culture existed as early as the 4th century BC on the southern coast of the peninsula , from this time were Kelteranlagen and found. In the northern part, however, it developed much later from the 11th century by monks. In the Middle Ages, the Genoese, who were then owners of Sudak, traded Crimean wines throughout Europe. Under Catherine II (1729-1796), in 1783, the Crimean peninsula became part of the Russian Empire. Her favorite Grigori Alexandrovich Potjomkin (1739-1791) made it arable and also promoted viticulture. The count imported vines from Italy, Spain and France, where the climate was very similar to that in the Crimea. Especially the soil around the city of Sudak was very fertile. Here is the 300 sunny days in the year aptly named Solnechnaya Dolina (sun valley) with a large winery of the same name. Near Yalta left Count Mikhail (1782-1856) in 1820 create vineyards and build a large winery. Nearby he founded the wine institute in 1828 Magarach ,
A special merit for the Russian winegrowing is due to the German scientist and academy member Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), who came from Berlin and brought in large vineyards in the Sudak area from Berlin. He described as the first in detail about 40 native grape varieties. Prince Lev Golitsyn founded in 1878 the still existing winery (New World) in Sudak. A sparkling wine was first produced in 1799 in the climatically favored cities of Sudak and Alushta. The quantities were insignificant. As the founder of the famous Krimsekts (Shampanskoe Krimskoye) is Golitsyn. On behalf of Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) he also founded today&39;s state vineyard Massandra ,
The mid-1980s was initiated by Mikhail (* 1931) launched an anti-alcohol campaign. Through extensive the vineyard has been reduced from 225,000 hectares to less than 100,000 hectares. This threw viticulture back decades. In February 2014, it came to civil war-like conditions. The "Crimean Crisis" subsequently led to a referendum in which the majority of the population of the Crimea was reportedly in favor of joining the Russian Federation (but it was estimated that only about 30-50% of the Crimean population was 60% for the separation). Ukraine continues to see Crimea as an autonomous republic and part of its own territory, however, as a separate federal district. The UN declared the referendum invalid by a large majority.
Ukraine consists of four major wine-growing regions. This is by far the largest area in the southwest around the city of Odessa with almost 50% of the total area, the peninsula on the Black Sea with about a third of that . and adjacent Transcarpathian region , as well as the area south of the Dnieper River near the cities of Kherson and Dnepropetrovsk . The continental climate is characterized by hot summers and severe winters to over minus 30 degrees Celsius. In 2012, were produced by 78,000 hectares of vineyards 2.4 million hectoliters of wine. Known of the country Kagor . Naddniprjanske and , Almost 180 grape varieties are cultivated, among them mostly indigenous or locally bred varieties. Of the in 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):