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Austria

Wachau

Wachau

Description to Wachau

One of the eight specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, It is from the Danube flowed through, on the northern banks of which many of the most terraced Vineyards are lying. The partly very steep vineyards are among the steepest vineyards Austria. The narrow valley along the Danube is only 33 km long and the winegrowing area 15 km long. The gateway to the west makes that Benedictine Monastery Melk (since 1089), in the east it is through the over 1,000-year-old city Krems limited. In the 5th century lived at Favianis (Mautern) the monk Severinus (410-482) in the middle of vineyards, which proves a viticulture. The English king Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) was on his return journey from the Third Crusade near Wien captured and on the castle Dürnstein recorded.

Wachau - view of Dürnstein

King Henry II (973-1024) gave 1002 the small settlement Liupna, today's Loiben, the monastery Tegernsee. The Viennese mayor Karl Lueger (1844-1910) served around the turn of the century at a ball of Emperor Franz-Joseph I (1830-1916) a Loibner wine, which with the words: "I did not think that in my countries like that good wine " commented. Then Lueger proposed the name "Loibner Kaiserwein". The Benedictine monastery Melk owned vineyards not only in the Wachau, but also in the communities Gumpoldskirchen, Pfaffstätten and to bathe, In Rohrendorf near Krems is still a vineyard of about 100 hectares in the possession of the monastery; which was donated in 1113 by Leuthold von Kuenring.

By wine from the Stiftskeller in the year of the second Turkish siege of Wien 1883 a fire was extinguished, which had already captured the church tower and threatened the bells. In 1703, 24,000 buckets of wine were stored in the cellars, which was about 1.3 million liters! Finally, with the revenue from the Zehentwein In the 18th century, the conversion of the Melk Abbey to today's Baroque splendor. Climate changes and strict levies led to the decline of wine culture. It was not until the mid-19th century that top-quality wines were produced by the introduction of new varieties such as Veltliner and Riesling.

The terrain is usually shallow with high and therefore heat-storing mineral content. The soils are composed mainly of loess, sand and trenches. In some terraced vineyards the humus layer is not more than 50 centimeters, underneath is the bare granite. The Atlantic-Pannonian mixed climate is characterized by the moisturizing Danube, which has a heat-enhancing effect through reflection. An important factor for the special climate is the big positive temperature difference between day and night. The Wachau was in the category "cultural landscape" in 2000 by UNESCO for World Heritage appointed.

Weissenkirchen - Wachau (Lower Austria)

Viticulture on both banks of the Danube

The Wachau winegrowing communities extend mainly on the left and some on the right of the Danube. The communities on the left bank with their main vineyards (locations) are:

Dürnstein (Katastral communities Dürnsteiner forest huts, Oberloiben, Unterloiben, Rothenhof) with Heudürr, Höhereck, hollerin. Kaiserberg (Sub-Lichtensteiner), Kellerberg (Subrieden Wunderburg, kiss the penny), Liebenberg, Pfaffenberg. Schlossberg. bulk and Supperin,

Loiben (Dürnstein-Katastral-communities Oberloiben, Unterloiben) with Bockfüßl, Dinstlgarten. Ms. Weingarten, Hochstrasser, Klostersatz, Kreutles. Loibenberg (Satisfied Langen Zung, Rauheneck, Rothenberg, Süßenberg), Mühlpoint, Oberhauser, Pichlhof, bulk, Put, Steinertal, Trum and Wandl.

Spitz on the Danube (KG Gut am Steg, Schwallenbach, Viessling) with Almenreith, Amtsgarten, Auleithen, Axpoint (Subriede Hochrain), Baumgartenthal, Brandstatt, Bruck, Castle hill (Subriede Tausendeimerberg ), Donaugarten, Fluiding, Gasslreith, Point - Good on the jetty, Setzberg (Subrieden fish box, Landstallen), Hartberg, Mühlgraben, Offenberg, Pluris, Singerriedel, Spitzer Birn, Spitzer Point, Steinborz, Firs, bird rosters and Zornberg.

Weissenkirchen (KG Joching, St. Michael, Wösendorf) with Achleiten, Altau, Angern, Buschenberg, Donauboden, Donaufeld, Women's Gardens (Subriede Traben), Gaisberg, Harzenleiten, Hinter der Burg, Hinterkirchen, Hochrain (Subriede Ralais ), Hinter Seiber, Kirchweg, Klaus. Kollmitz. Kollmütz, Pichlpoint (Subriede Pichl), Postaller, Ritzling, Steinriegl, stone wall, Vorder Atzberg, Vorder Seiber, Weitenberg and Zwerithaler.

at Flohhaxn. Himmelsstiege. Honivogl and stone's throw are today no longer existing old vineyards or vineyards, which today as names for brand wines be used.

Wachau - Map with the vineyards on both sides of the Danube

The municipalities on the right bank of the Danube are:

Bergern im Dunkelsteinerwald (KG Geyersberg, Maria Langegg, Nesselstauden, Oberbergern, Scheiblwies, Schenkenbrunn, Unterbergern, Wolfenreith) with Donauleiten (Subriede Galiziberg) and Laach (Subriede Steinplatte).

Mautern ad Donau (Katastral communities Baumgarten, Hundsheim, Mauternbach) with Old Point (Subriede Schlossberg), castle garden, Ladoschn, Prebarn, robbers, Silberbichl (Submitted Bischofpoint, Kirschböck, Leukuschberg, Vom Stein, Zaum), Strudel, Süßenberg and Weingebirge.

Rossatz-Arnsdorf (Katastral communities Mitterarnsdorf, Oberarnsdorf, Rossatz, Rührdorf, Unterarnsdorf) with Altenweg, Woman vineyards, Brunnthal, Höckgarten, Hoferthal, Johannserberg, Mitterbirg, Mugler (Subriede Goldberg), cellar vineyards, Kirnberg, Kreuzberg, Poigen, Pointen (Subrieden Upper Pointen, Lower Pointen), Porzen, Scheibenthal, Steiger, Siegelstal, Trauntal (Subriede Uiberthal) and Zanzl ,

Blend

In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 1,345 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 1,350 hectares there was no change. The proportion of red wines is 8.7% and the proportion of white wines is 91.3%. The dominant white grape varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling together occupy three quarters of the total area.

Grape variety - Austrian
main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
colour hectare
2015
% -Ant
2015
hectare
2009
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 766 56.9 704
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 355 17.4 221
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 80 5.9 101
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 65 4.8 86
Neuburger - White 43 3.2 58
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner White 33 2.4 42
muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc White 26 1.9 17
ChardonnayMorillon - Not used in Lower Austria White 20 1.4 20.5
Frühroter Veltliner malmsey White 13 0.9 17
Gem. Set knows - White 10 0.7 17
Blue Portuguese - red 9 0.6 13
Blauburger - red 7.5 0.6 9.5
St. Laurent - red 7.4 0.5 12
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 7.3 0.5 6.3
Muscat Ottonel - White 4.9 0.4 5
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 4.4 0.3 6
Gem. Set red - red 4.3 0.3 3.7
TraminerGewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. White 3.0 0.2 2.5
Gray Burgundy Pinot gris, Ruländer White 1.9 0.1 1.9
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 1.7 0.1 1.9
Roesler - red 1.5 0.1 0.7
Red Veltliner - White 1.0 0.1 1.7
- red 0.9 0.1 1.5
Merlot - red 0.8 0.1 0.8
Jubiläumsrebe - White 0.7 - 0.6
Goldburger - White 0.3 - 0.3
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner White 0.3 - 0.3
Syrah Shiraz red 0.2 - 0.3
Zierfandler Spätrot White 0.2 - 0.1
Rotgipfler - White 0.2 - -
- White 0.2 - -
Furmint - White 0.2 - -
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 0.2 - -
Bouvier - White 0.1 - 0.3
Rathay - red 0.1 - 0.1
and white varieties - White 0.7 - 0.1
and red varieties - red 0.3 - 0.1
WHITE VARIETIES 1228 91.3 1200
RED VARIETIES 117 8.7 150
TOTAL 1345 100 1350

DAC system

The DAC system is finished in the drawer, so to speak, and will be launched in 2019 - description follows.

producers

Well-known producers are Alzinger. Bäuerl Wolfgang. Break Richard. Dinstlgut. Domain Wachau. Donabaum In the Spitz. Donabaum Sighardt. Eder Andreas. Christian. Fisherman Josef. Frischengruber. Gallhofer. Gritsch Josef. Gritsch Mauritiushof. Gritsch novel. Hick Maria & Manfred. Hirtzberger Franz. hofstätter. Högl Josef. Höllmüller. Wooden apple Karl. Hutter Fritz. Jamek Josef. Kartäuserhof. Knoll Emmerich. Lagler Karl. Machherndl. Muthenthal Martin. Nikolaihof. Pichler Franz Xaver. Pichler-Krutzler. Pichler Rudi. Pomaßl. Prague. Rixinger. Enamel Johann. Schmidl Theresa. Schneeweisschen. Snow White Anton. Black Johann. Sigl Heinz. Tegernseerhof. Urbanushof Paul Stierschneider. Veyder-Malberg, Under the brand name Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus Typical quality wines are produced according to strict quality criteria.

Map: Copyright ÖWM
Weissenkirchen: Egon Mark

In the wine guide you will find
currently 133 455 Wines and 23 043 Producers, including 1 395 classified producers.
Rating system About Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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